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Full text of "The College Forum: Lebanon Valley College Publication (Fall 1890)"

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ItEV. C. J. Kephart, A. M.. President. 

H. Clay Deanbr, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

Geo. VV. Bowman, A. M., Ph. D., 

Professor of Science. 
J.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Eev. VV. S. Bbersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Pix> lessor of English Language. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S. 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Mart E. Johns. 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society — Miss Loula S. Funk. 
l'hilokosmian Soc'y— Rev. \V. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


The Duty of the Hour. 

There must be action now. The 
question is no longer whether 
the East needs a college. That ques- 
tion is settled affirmatively and has 
been for years. Lebanon Valley 
College will soon be twenty-five 
years old ; but what an existence ! 
during all these years practically 
without an endowment. Up to June ? 
^bi), it only amounted to $7105, and 
°uly a part productive. In the 
"College Day" Forum we see that 
the present endowment is $23,455. 
In this amount is the $2500 of al- 
umni endowment which was not 
°ountecl in the financial report of 
June last. Besides these is the Bil- 
litiixer Farm endowment of at least 
$25 ,000, but it is not productive. If 
the entire fund $23,455 should be 
Productive, the income will only be 
*Wt $1200. From the financial re. 

port of 1890 the defieft of the differ- 
ent departments was $1193.86, which 
does not include the running ex- 
penses, such as fuel, repairs, etc. 
This loss should be stopped. But 
how ? I know of but one way. By 
an endowment. This question must 
be squarely met. Measures must be 
set to work to get it. There has al- 
ready been too much delay. The 
college has suffered, the church has 
been hindered and hampered in its 
growth, and God's cause has been 
impeded. There seems to be but 
one way to do it. Take the mat- 
ter to God for wisdom to direct. 
Get the best man in the church 
for an agent. That man must have 
it upon his heart. The whole 
matter must be left with him. Don't 
handicap him. Give him full power 
to get money, be it in or out the 
church, large or small amounts. You 
will expect great things. His road 
will be thorny. Help him in the 
start by paying him well. Then 
pray for him. He will then be sure 
to reach the hearts of the dear peo- 
ple of our church, and their treasures 
will be largely and liberally put upon 
God's altar. 

Another question equally import- 
ant is the selection of a president. 
The Church everywhere is inquiring 
who he will be. What the college 
needs is a deeply consecrated man, 
full of the spirit of God, a man of 
executive ability, ripe scholarship, 
personalit}', individuality, firm yet 
kind, and one whose work will be a 
part of his life. No position is more 
important than the president. He 
does more to mould and fashion the 
lives of the student than any mem- 
ber of the faculty. Students look 
up to him as they do to a father. 
There are very few men who are 
suited for such a position. If he 
does not have the respect and ad- 

miration of the students he will make 
a failure, even though he be qualified 

Plans are in making to secure a 
man for the presidency who will in- 
spire confidence and in eA^ery way 
measure up to the standard required 
by that office. 

So many aim at nothing, hence at- 
tain nothing. It is sad indeed to see 
those who could be powers for good in 
the church and state sink into medioc- 
rity. Place before the 3 r oung high 
ideals, refer them to noble characters 
in literature,and in every way possible 
get them to look beyond their pres- 
ent environments, and they will 
make more out of their lives, and be 
living forces. The Sunday School 
Times hits the secret when it says : 
" Restless striving towards an unat- 
tained ideal is better than satisfac- 
tion with one's attainments at his 
best. He who realizes that he falls 
short' of what he ought to be, is in a 
more hopeful attitude than he who 
feels that he does as well as he knows 
how. Only while one has an aim be- 
yond his reaching, will he make any 
approach toward a height that is 
worthy of his struggles." Thanking 
another for holding before her " a 
high standard of womanhood," one 
wrote in earnestness : " Although 
my attainments may come far short 
of the perfect ideal, I shall fail nearer 
the top than if my aspirations had 
been no higher." It is nobler to feel 
that one is failing " nearer the top " 
than to be satisfied nearer the bottom. 

Because of the lateness of com- 
mencement and of the impossibility 
of getting the June number out 
during June, it has been thought 
best to unite the June and July num- 


It will be considered a favor for 
any of our readers to send us names 
of young people who think of enter- 
ing college, or who should enter. 
The vacation is not long, and we 
wish to spend it to the best possible 
advantage in securing new students. 
We hope to make the fall opening 
the largest in the history of the col- 
lege. We already know of several 
who will enter. There are scores in 
our church who would enter if only 
they could be seen. 

Op the young men who leave the 
country and go to the city to engage 
in business, one out of every four 
not only does not succeed in business, 
butruinshis character. While one out 
of every ten who enter college so ter- 
minate, however, the greater number 
of those are corrupted before they 
left home. Such facts are from sta- 
tistics carefully prepared. 

A special effort is being made to 
increase the subscription list of the 
Forum. We hope the friends of the 
college will assist us. A united ef- 
fort will secure the desired end. 

The librarian is still in need of the 
College Catalogue of "70-"U to com- 
plete the set from the very beginning. 
Who can supply the one needed ? 

Let the ministers and friends of 
the College send in the names of 
young people who should receive 



The morning dawned brightly. 
The air was balmy, and tempted the 
early promenader. The campus 
looked unusually inviting. The 
birds were chirping and singing their 
sweet melodies. Nature had on her 
best garb and everything added in- 
terest and beauty to the occasion. 
Upon the cupola the stars and stripes 
were gracefully waving, silently 
praising God — that flag, the emblem 
of protection to home, liberty, social 
and religious, and the preservation 
of Christianity, never looked more 
beautiful. Potted plants and cut 
flowers were arranged on the ros- 
trum and windows, which gave a 
cheerful appearance to the chapel. 
At an early hour, friends began to 
gather in the chapel. The town was 
out in great numbers. A goodly 
number of friends from a distance 

arrived on Saturday and Sabbath 

At 10:10 a. m., during the playing 
of a voluntary by Miss Evers, the 
visiting clergymen, faculty and stu- 
dents entered the chapel, the clergy- 
men and faculty occupying the ros- 
trum, and the students occupying 
front seats. After all were seated, 
the president and graduating class 
entered. An anthem was then sung 
by Misses Steffy, Rauch, Porney and 
Lane, and Messrs. Spangler, Roop, 
Kindt and Stein, led by Miss Johns 
and accompanied by Miss Evers. 
President Kephart read Genesis xiii. 
as a morning lesson. Rev. J. I. L. 
Resler, A. M., of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
announced the opening hymn. Rev. 
A. P. Funkhouser, A. M., of Harris- 
onburg, Va., led in invocation. Pres- 
ident Kephart took as his theme, 
"The unrealized possibilities of life," 
as based upon " There remaineth yet 
very much land to be possessed." 
Joshua xiii: 1. 

The sun of Joshua's life is low in 
the west. Born in Egypt, during 
forty years the faithful servant, now 
the successor of Moses. Under his 
leadership the Jordan has been 
crossed. The wonderful victories of 
Jericho, Ai and Bethhoren followed 
quickly by the conquest of the allied 
kings of the northeast and south. 
In seven years he subdued thirty-one 
kings. While he looks with satisfac- 
tion and gratitude upon the achieve- 
ments, the Lord says : " Remember 
and have your people remember, 
' There remaineth yet very much 
land to be possessed.' " Here is 
both an admonition and an encour- 
agement ; an encouragement in the 
fact that there is yet much for them; 
an admonition in the fact that it is 
yet to be possessed. 

I. Our Possibilities. — An exami- 
nation of the nature and capabilities 
of man himself must convince us of 
his adaptation to an unbounded 
sphere of investigation, discovery 
and development, hence the exist- 
ence of opportunities adapted to 
these capabilities. We stand as with 
heads bare, in awe and admiration 
in the presence of the wonderful 
achievements in philosophy of Soc- 
rates, Plato, Aristotle, Lord Bacon 
and Emanuel Kant. In the physical 
universe, we admire the results of 
the investigation of Copernicus and 
Sir Isaac Newton. With what feel- 
ings shall we contemplate the men 
whose greatness is in themselves in 
the wonderful powers of intellect by 
which they reached such astounding 

II. What are Our Possibilities. — 
We stand amazed at results of mod- 
ern science. But investigation and 
discovery are 3 r et in their youth. 
What science is perfect ? The chem- 
ist, the geologist, the botanist and 

naturalist say no. For the soul who 
will, there are fields to be explored. 
Victories to be won. 

Is the subject of philosophy ex- 
hausted ? Who will give a satisfac- 
tory explanation of that strange 
something we call life ? Herbert 
Spencer says it is " the sum total of 
the functions which resist death." 
But this is simply to distinguish, not 
to define. 

In politics there is agitation and 
evils which threaten national life in 
both continents. May God grant 
that our young men and women fired 
by a holy patriotism, may enter these 
circles of political influence and 
power, and gain for our country the 
victory over wrong that shall set for- 
ward many degrees the hand upon 
the dial of human progress and 

In the church human effort has not 
reached its zenith. The I am of Paul 
and I am of Apollas and I am of 
Cephas and I of Christ spirit is yet 
so prevalent. The discussions over 
church creeds and quarrels over 
methods, all show that their heights 
and depths in church life and work 
not yet realized. 

The great possibilities are in 
personal character — manhood and 
womanhood. Our model is the Naz- 
arene. The great unmeasured dis- 
tance lies yet before us. We have 
only begun to live — to develop. 
There must be spirit-life ; there must 
be Christ-life if there is to be Christ- 
character. Life is an acquirement ; 
character is a growth. As the intel- 
lect grows by the acquisition and 
assimilation of truth, so character 
grows by the love and practice of 
righteousness. The address closed 
with several stanzas of the Psalm of 
Life. After the sermon the Presi- 
dent spoke five minutes to the class, 
urging them to be noble, to so live 
to gain the approval of God and the 
respect of men. 

At two o'clock in the afternoon a 
fairly good audience gathered in the 
chapel to attend ths graduating ex- 
ercises of the class in the Bible Nor- 
mal Union. The class entered and 
occupied the seats reserved for that 
purpose. Very appropriate music 
was furnished by the College Quar- 
tette in addition to the congrega- 
tional singing. The opening pray#* 
was offered by Rev. D. D. Keedy, of 
Rohrersville, Md. The speaker for 
the occasion, Rev. J. D. L. Ressler, 
of Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland Co.. 
Pa., was introduced and delivered an 
address on the " Supremacy of C hrist s 
Kingdom," based on Daniel 2 : 3l-*«j' 
It was an able discussion of the ph"' 
osoph v of the history foretold in tn e 
vision of the image of fine gold, &*■> 
ver, brass, iron and clay and the stone 
cut from the mountains that shiveret 

it in pieces. Some valuable prac 













lessons were drawn and at the close 
some wholesome counsel given to 
the class directly. 

President C. J. Kephart in a brief 
address presented the diplomas by 
the authority of the Sunday School 
Board of the Chm-ch of the United 
Brethren in Christ. Diplomas were 
received by the following graduates : 
Miss Sarah J. Waite, Messrs. J. T. 
Spangler, E. 0. Burtner, E. S. Bow- 
man, H. P. Stauffer, E. E. Grosh, G. 
K. Hartman, Geo. D. Needy, H. U. 
Roop, Jno. W. Owen, D. S. Eshle- 
man and W. H. Artz. 

This was the third B. N. U. Com- 
mencement and the largest of the 
three classes graduated under the in- 
struction of Professors Deaner and 
Ebersole. These students are to be 
complimented and congratulated be- 
cause they undertook and completed 
this work in addition to their other 
heavy required work in the institu- 

The ability with which the course 
was carried is indicated by the aver- 
age grade of the class, 99^ per cent, 
in one of the units. These com- 
mencements are stimulating not only 
to college students but to the Sunday- 
School work of the church. 

Rev. D. D. Lowery preached the 
annual sermon in the evening. He 
took for his theme, "The Condition 
of Success." Rom. xii. 11; Josh. 1:8. 

There is always a starting point in 
life, and there is also a destiny for 
every man and woman coming into 
this world and entering upon the ac- 
tive sphere of life. Why these years 
spent in preparation ? That you may 
achieve success in your life-work. 
The possibility of failure. 

I. What are we to understand by 
a successful career, or when do men 
really fail? Because a man has 
amassed wealth and acquired a vast 
store of knowledge, that alone is no 
criterion of a successful life. Some- 
thing more than material things for 
which we should strive. Determine 
to be something, for yourself and for 
others. True success is the highest 
achievement, for the noblest end, of 
human possibility. 

II. Some of the conditions lead- 
ing to the successful accomplishment 
of life's mission. Circumstances that 
a re sometimes helpful but are not 
absolute and necessary conditions to 
Access. The cardinal conditions, 
however, necessary to success are 
first, diligence — "not slothful in 
business." The failures in the pro- 
fessions, in business, and in all the 
departments of toil. Some of the 
Hen who have attained the highest 
e rninence of success, in their sphere 
°f work, were the most unpromising 
'1 their youth. Men become great 
V their own indomitable will and 
tireless exertions. Some have larger 
^pital in hand than others when 

they start in life, but all alike must 
toil to win the prize. Bradly Brown 
down from the tow-path to a drunk- 
ard's grave, and James A. Garfield 
from the same lowly position to the 
very pinnacle of greatness and power. 
Another condition of success is earn- 
estness of purpose. Go about your 
work as if you meant it, as if your 
very life depended upon its accom- 
plishment. In this age of push, 
energy and competition young men 
and women, to succeed, need the spirit 
of fervency. How others succeeded. 
Again, as a condition leading to 
success, we must have religious con- 
victions, faith in God, accepting the 
principles of Christianity and in all 
the relations of life living up to 
them. Not only giving assent to 
God's word, but yielding implicit 
obedience to its precepts, accepting 
it as the standard of faith and human 
character, and the directory of moral 
conduct. You must have right con- 
victions. The Bible is the rule of 
right. Take God with you ; without 
him life is incomplete. Great and 
successful men, in the affairs of the 
world, find time amid their thronging 
business to pray, to read God's 
blessed word and to attend the public 
worship of his house. Practicing 
the golden rule, follow the example 
of Christ, living not for yourselves 
alone, but helping the helpless, lift- 
ing up the fallen, and in the day of 
eternity, you will have a rich reward. 

Soiree Musicale. 


A crowded and brilliant audience 
greeted the performers as they en- 
tered the rostrum by the side en- 
trance, at ten minutes to eight. The 
performance began at once, and the 
program rendered was pleasing and 
well executed from beginning to 
end, and reflected great credit 
on Misses Evers and Johns, who 
have so efficiently managed the musi- 
cal department of the College. 

The first piece, Lustspeil by Keler 
Bela, was exquisitely rendered by 
Misses Mover and Smith, and Evers 
and Swartz. 

The second number, vocal duet, 
Love thou, Pinsuti, by Messrs Kindt 
and Evers, was well rendered. 

Miss Forney, the first of the grad- 
uates, next appeared in Scherzo op. 
4, Brahms. She was cordially re- 
ceived and performed her part with 
great credit to herself. 

A vocal solo, Spring Flowers, 
Reinecke, was rendered by Miss Nora 
Steffy, accompanied by Mr. Wenton 
J. Baltzell on the violin. This num- 
ber brought rounds of applause from 
the audience. 

In the Awakening of the Lion,Miss 
Smith appeared in Miss Forney's 
place. This double piano duet was 

very favorably received and was ad- 
mirably executed. 

Miss Johns next appeared in a vo- 
cal solo, "In Old Madrid," by Tor- 
tere and acquitted herself in her 
usual inimitable style. She was re- 
called by the audience. 

Miss Loula Funck next appeared 
in her graduating performance"Kam- 
eunoi Ostrow," by Rubenstein, a mu- 
sical portrait of a friend Rubenstein 
met at a Russian watering place. 
Miss Funk showed great skill and 
delicate touch and manipulation in 
this difficult performance and did 
herself great credit by her admirable 

The Baritone solo and ladies' quar- 
tette, " List the Cherubic Host " by 
Gade, was next performed by Mr. 
Evers and Misses Rauch, Steffy, 
Lane and Gingrich. 

Scene de Bal by Joseffy, a piano 
solo, was next rendered by Miss Net- 
tie Swartz. After which Miss Johns 
again appeared, this time in a solo, 
entitled, "Spanish Bolero," by Eck- 

Presentation of diplomas. Presi- 
dent Kephart said "God has seemed 
to take into account every element 
of our being. We may appreciate 
beauty, harmony. I trust that while 
you have the power to produce har- 
mony from musical instruments, you 
may have the faculty to produce har- 
mony in the lives and hearts of men." 
After other appropriate remarks, 
President Kephart presented diplo- 
mas to Miss Loula Funck and Miss 
Anna Forney. The last number was 
"Concerto in D,"by St. Saens. This 
was performed by Misses Funck and 
Swartz, and ended the Soiree Musi- 
cale. All were delighted by the mu- 
sic in spite of the annoyance of some 
ill-bred persons in the gallery, who 
made a decided nuisance of them- 


The third day of commencement 
week dawned with threatening 
weather. The fair weather flag 
floated on the Natural Science build- 
ing, and true to its predictions we 
had no rain on this day. 

At eight o'clock the faculty, stu- 
dents and friends assembled in the 
chapel for morning devotions. Rev. 
J. H. Pershing, from the Allegheny 
Conference, led the services. 

The examination of classes was 
continued and concluded this morn- 
ing. The Board held its meetings 
throughout the day, the session in 
the afternoon being held with closed 
doors, a method of procedure that 
called forth some severe criticism. 
Interests that are vital to the college 
were freely discussed. 

In the evening the public meeting 
of the Alumni Association was held, 
when the following program was 
rendered : 

Piano Solo— "Polka de Concert," Burdett 

Miss Katie Kauch. 

Invocation President C. J. Kephart, A. M. 

Music, College Quartette 

Essay— The Home of the Multitude, 

Mrs. Lizzie W. Groff 

Violin Solo — " Cavatine," Bohn 

Prof. W. J. Baltzel, A. B. 

Historian Kev. H. T. Denlinger, A. B. 

Piano Dukt— "Radiense," Gottschalk 

Misses Mover and Evers. 
Address— What the College has done for the 

Church Rev. L H. Albright, A. M 

Address— W hat the Church should do for the 

College, Rev. S. D. Faust, A. B. 

Vocal Solo— "Ho ! for Slumber Land " 


Miss Mary Johns. 

Prof. Deaner presided. 

Mrs. Groff from Harrisburg, Class 
"19, read an interesting essay on 
" The Homes of the Multitude." 

Rev. H. T. Denlinger, Williams- 
port, Pa., Class '87, read the History 
of the Association. It was witty, 
wise and otherwise. 

Rev. L H. Albright, of "16, York, 
Pa., delivered an address on " What 
the College has done for the 
Church," and Rev. S. D. Fusaotf, 
'89, Harrisburg, Pa., on " What the 
Church should do for the College." 

The program was interesting and 
very well rendered. The music that 
was interspersed was highly appre- 

Immediately after the public meet- 
ing the Alumni Banquet was held in 
the dining hall. A larger number of 
Alumni and friends were present than 
at any previous similar occasion. 
Prof Deaner was master of ceremo- 
nies, and very successfully did he 
manage affairs. Music by the Col- 
lege Quartette and toasts by A. L. 
Groff, D. W. Crider and President 
Kephart. made the evening pass all 
too quickly. The bill of fare con- 
sisted of cream, cake, fruits, nuts, 
candy, lemonade, coffee, &c, (a 
number of good things are included 
in the &c.) The Alumnal meeting 
and banquet were both a grand suc- 
cess, and are another evidence that 
the Alumni of L. V. C. know how 
to appreciate as well as how to get 
up a good thing. 


The reading of grades always at- 
tracts a full audience. More than 
usual was the interest manifested. 
At 8:45 the secretary of the faculty, 
Prof. Lehman, entered the rostrum, 
and as he began to open "the book" 
all seemed impatient to know their 
term's record. The grades of very, 
very many, were very good ; of others 
only fair; and of a few, well their 
names were not mentioned. It meant 
the minimum grade was not reached, 
and lad or lass, try it again. 

Each year the work is more thor- 
ough, and more is expected, more 
individual work. 

The closing words of President 
Kephart were most timely. He ex- 
pressed himself as satisfied with the 
year's work. He told the scholars 
of their duty to the College and ad- 

monished all to be faithful, and to 
do all in their power to build up the 
College. He assured all that the 
College had his best wishes, and 
would continue to work in its behalf. 
The audience sang several stanzas of 
an appropriate hymn, and the Presi- 
dent pronounced the benediction. 


In the absence of the president, 
Prof. Deaner was elected temporary 
chairman. The following officers 
were elected for the ensuing year : 
President, Rev. S. D. Faust; vice- 
president, Miss Loula Funk ; secre- 
tary, Mrs. Millie Brightbill ; corres- 
ponding secretary, Prof. H. Clay 
Deaner; treasurer, Rev. I. H. Al- 
bright ; executive committee, Prof. 
H. Clay Deaner, Prof. W. S. Eber- 
sole, S. P. Light, Miss Emma Landis 
and Miss Lizzie Kinports. 

Committee of Alumni Endowment 
reported that in 1889 one hundred 
and twenty -five dollars and twenty- 
five cents ($125.25) were received as 
interest. That one hundred and 
thirty dollars ($130) were paid on en- 
dowment, and money was reinvested. 

It was ordered that the constitu- 
tion of the Association be printed in 
book form and that every member 
be furnished with a copy. 

Corresponding secretary was in- 
structed to prepare a circular to be 
sent to every alumnus and alumnal, 
to get a complete history of every 
one. This is a year of census tak- 
ing, and I'm sure all will be in readi- 
ness to give a hearty response. 

The election of speakers for the 
public meeting was referred to the 
executive committee. 

The Treasurer was requested to 
write the delinquent members to se- 
cure the annual dues. It was ordered 
that there be a banquet next year. 
The class of '90 were unanimously 
elected as members of the associa- 

The Executive Committee have 
made the following appointments for 
the public meeting of Alumni, June 
next : 

Essayist — Mrs. Ella R. Deaner. 
Alternate — Miss Alice M. Evers. 
Historian — Adam R. Forney. 
Alternate — Prof. Winton J. Balt- 

Orator — Rev. John H. Graybill. 

Alternate— Prof. S. Oliver Goho. 

Class Day was dispensed with, 
much to the credit of the class. 

The annual lecture under the aus- 
pices of the Inter-Societies was de- 
livered Wednesday evening by Jno.R 
Clarke, on the subject, " To and fro 
in London." By request, the Col- 
lege Quartette sang. It has been 
years since a musical organization 
has won the universal favor as has 
the quartette. The College is to be 
congratulated upon some rare voices. 

From some unknown causes the 
subject of the lecture was changed 
from " Hits and Misses." If the 
lecture was to be judged from its 
length all would join in pronouncing 
it ne plus ultra, as he spoke two 
hours and twenty minutes. There 
were many good things in it, but 
rather too much of Mr. Clarke. Some 
were highly pleased, while others 
were disappointed. 

Commencement Bay. 

Thursday, June 19th, furnished a 
beautiful day for the last act in the 
commencement drama. Very early 
in the morning the seating capacity 
of the chapel was well exhausted. 
The audience was greeted by the 
class motto which hung in the recess 
of the rear rostrum wall — JEtas una; 
earn bene meliora. 

At half past nine o'clock the ushers 
conducted to the rostrum the faculty 
and Rev. C. T. Stearn, of Chambers- 
burg, Pa., and a moment later the 
class, led by President Kephart, was 
ushered to the rostrum also. After 
a voluntary by the orchestra the in- 
vocation was made by Rev. C. T. 
Stearn. The orations interspersed 
with music followed in order and 
may be briefly outlined as follows: 

Mr. J. T. Spangler, of Shanksville, 
Pa., presented an oration on "The 
Drama of the Christian Era." His- 
tory is the record of a most stupen- 
dous drama. Jewish civilization at 
the time of Christ had lost all its 
savory power. The life, work, and 
teachings of Christ laid the founda- 
tion principles for right social, moral 
and religious systems. Later the 
powers of darkness, aided by the 
policy of the Roman Catholic Church, 
gained and held sway for a time, 
only to be put to rout by the forces 
of the Reformation. The spirit of 
Christian progress broke the fetters 
of the " Dark Ages," and gave in- 
tellectual and religious freedom to 
the world. The nations that wel- 
comed the new life became the seats 
of the political, scientific, philo- 
sophical and literary movements of 
modern times, of which fact Ger- 
many and England are notable illus- 
trations. The civilization and na- 
tional genius of the United States 
make her the star in the last act of 
the great drama. All that is good 
in the present life of the world is to 
be traced to the incarnate and all 
sufficient Christ. 

Mr. A. F. Ward of Annville, P*i 
spoke on " Organized Labor." Tb e 
great empires of the past have been 
extremely wealthy, the wealth being 
in the hands of the few to the detri- 
ment of the many. Somewhat sinv 
ilarly to-day the United States b» s 
two thousand capitalists who own 
more wealth than all the rest of tb e 




sixty-five millions. The concentra- 
tion of capital is the worst of all 
our social evils, yet has been of great 
service to the progress of civiliza- 

Concentrated wealth has oppressed 
labor, and labor has organized into 
unions for self-defense and reform ; 
but, from the conflicting interests of 
trades unions, have failed to afford 
relief. Slowly but surety is labor 
beginning to recognize her only 
savior — education. In evidence of 
this are the thousands of night 
schools, the day schools for both in- 
tellectual and manual training, and 
the recent eight hour movement 
with its purpose to give the laborer 
more time for self improvement. 
Nevertheless these giant dualists, 
capital and labor, never before have 
gathered to themselves so much 
strength. A conflict is inevitable. 
What will be the result ? 

Mr. E. 0. Burtner, of West Fair- 
view, Pa., contrasted the spoils sys- 
tem and the merit system in Amer- 
ica under the caption, "A Political 
Mecca," considering Washington the 
hub of our political machinery, or, 
truer to the caption, the shrine of 
political pilgrims. After due tribute 
to the framers of the constitution he 
stated that time had revealed it faulty 
in one particular in that it intrusted 
to the honor of Presidents the 
power of removing from office at will 
the civil officers of the government. 
Andrew Jackson was the first to 
take advantage of the position and 
every President since has willingly 
or unwillingly perpetuated the " spoils 
system." This same system is the 
mother of political crimes, fraud, 
bribery, intimidntion, etc. 

England has successfully operated 
"civil service reform" for a decade 
and a half. Can this merit system 
he made a success in our own nation? 
Yes; because we have fewer tradi- 
tions, customs, and prejudices to 
overcome. In this reform lies, in 
the providence of God, the hope for 
a pure and honest political system, 

Mr. W. Pv. Keller, of Heilmandale. 
Pa., had chosen for his subject 
"More Light." The last words of 
Goethe, "Open the second shutter 
that more light enter," were made the 
basis of the proposition that the 
^orlcl is earnestly in search and 
greatly in need of more light to-day. 
The life of the race is very similar 
to that of an individual ; both have 
their limited circle of vision, and are 
instantly eager for the scenes be- 
yond. The ancients were remark- 
ably near the truth in science and 
Philosophy, but were not satisfied 
^ith it. Are we better satisfied? 
|Uo we know more than they ? Scien- 
tifically, Yes. Absolutely, No. Our 
momplete sciences are but com- 
Plr-te systems of phenomena and ap- 
itea. ranees. Even philosophy and 

theology are open to speculation. 
Our knowing is not absolute. Nature 
has not yet let us into her secret 
laboratory and we cannot break in. 
We deal only with the manifestations 
of the forces within. A man study- 
ing nature intelligently must per- 
ceive that he is but an insignificant 
atom in a universe. 

Miss Loula Funk, of Churchville, 
Ya., the only lady member in the 
class, had the subject, " Out of 
School Life into Life's School." 
Man possesses a high individual 
value. His greatness is within him- 
self, a realization of which is the 
highest incentive to education. Stu- 
dents should not be taught so much 
what they may become as what they 
must become so as to fulfill their 
duties to self, their fellows and God. 
The school of life is divided into two 
parts, the school of nature and the 
school of humanity. Nature pro- 
vides material : thus arise the occu- 
pations, none of which are degrading 
in themselves. Nature's kindness 
presupposes that we will do right. 
Earth, sea and sky are not more full 
of material than of truth, and there- 
fore of wholesome teaching. 

The study of human life is greater 
than that of nature. Wise are they 
who are willing to be instructed by 
the ordinary affairs of life. We have 
but one life to live, let us improve it 

Mr. W. H. Kindt, of Annville, Pa., 
presented an oration on "The Master 
Hand." The world judges the real 
worth of anything before it classes 
it among the works of the master. 
The world will not tolerate a sham. 
Society recognizes the master and 
gives him room at the top ; copyists 
stand at the foot of the ladder. Re- 
view the masters and learn a lesson. 
In literature stand Homer, Cicero, 
Shakespeare, Longfellow ; among 
statesmen, Demosthenes, Caesar, 
Cromwell, Lincoln, Gladstone, Bis- 
marck and Garfield ; in art, Raphael 
and Angelo. History hands down 
their names. What has become of 
their contemporaries? Forgotten, 
because they were not masters. The 
way to become great is to know one's 
subject. But knowledge is nothing 
without system. Many fail because 
they are constantly beginning some- 
thing but never completing anything. 
No man can succeed and disregard 
law. The conditions, of our becom- 
ing master lie within us. 

Mr. E. S. Bowman, of Boonsboro, 
Md., declared "America the World's 
Educator." The name of America 
is written on the loftiest pinnacle of 
fame. There is no nation able to 
teach her how to build a common- 
wealth. All the world has conde- 
scended to learn at the feet of our 
people. Our churches lead Christen- 

But we have not a few important 

lessons to learn. It seems that 
we gave to the negro his bodily free- 
dom to make him a slave to politics. 
This is a crime. We have treated 
the Indian unjustly. Intemperance 
is a blot upon the nation. Our vic- 
tories have been glorious ; the future 
beckons to more glorious achieve- 
ments. We shall soon see the bow 
of God's promise set clearly in the 
sky and the world shall read beneath 
it, "My Chosen People." 

All the orations were of more than 
usual excellence. The subjects were 
carefully and skillfully handled. The 
delivery was in all cases good and 
in some quite superior. 

In a very appropriate address the 
president presented the diplomas and 
conferred the degrees. Upon Messrs. 
Spangler and Kindt were conferred 
the degree Bachelor of Arts ; upon 
Messrs. Ward, Burtner, Keller, Bow- 
man and Miss Funk, the degree 
Bachelor of Science ; and upon Dr. 
Geo. R. Shenk, of Rington, Pa., the 
degree of Master of Arts in cursu. 
The honorary degrees were then an- 
nounced : upon Prof. R. S. McNeal, 
superintendent of Dauphin County, 
the degree Master of Arts; upon Rev. 
J. S. Mills, A. M., Ph. D., President of 
Western College, Toledo, Iowa, the 
degree Doctor of Divinity. The fol- 
lowing changes in the faculty were 
then announced : Rev. G. M. Mat- 
thews, A. M., of Dayton, Ohio, Presi- 
dent — President Kephart resigned ; 
Miss M. Ella Moyer, department of 
Harmony and Piano — Miss Alice M. 
Evers, resigned ; Miss Carrie Eby, 
department of Yoice and Piano — 
Miss Mary E. Johns, resigned. The 
President put great earnestness into 
his closing address. He made a 
strong appeal to the students and 
citizens to give to the incoming 
President and the faculty their most 
hearty support. The class then 
sang their farewell song, words by 
J. T. Spangler; music by Miss 
Loula Funk. The music for the 
program was furnished by T a chosen 
sextet from the Washington Cornet 
Band of Annville, and was of no 
mean order. The benediction was 
pronounced by President Kephart, 
after which the class received well 
merited congratulations from many 
friends. The afternoon trains carried 
aiway many, until evening retained 
but few to discuss the events of the 

Board Meeting. 

The trustees of Lebanon Yalley 
College met in regular session on 
Monday, June 16, at 3 p. m. In the 
absence of the president John B. 
Stehman, the Yice President Rev. C. 
I. B. Brane, of Washington, D. C, 
called the Board to order. Rev. A. 
P. Funkhouser of Harrisonville, Ya., 
led in prayer. 



The secretary, Rev. M. 0. Lane, 
called the roll, and about one half of 
the Board responded to their names. 
The permanent organization resulted 
as follows : 

President Rev. C. I. B Brane ; 
Vice President, Ex-president E. S. 
Lorenz ; Secretary, Rev. M. 0. Lane ; 
Asst. Secretary, Rev. L. W. Stahl. 
The President, Vice President and 
Secretary were authorized to appoint 
the committees. 

It was ordered that Misses Loula 
Funk and Anna R. Forney be grad- 
uated in Piano and Harmony. 

Treasurer H. H. Kreider made his 
report showing that from all sources 
ten thousand one hundred and forty- 
eight dollars and forty-nine cents 
($10,148.49) were received, and that 
there was a balance of twenty-five 
dollars and eighty-two cents ($25.82) 
in his hands. 

The following paper was adopted : 
Whereas, we have just learned with 
sadness of heart of the death of our 
beloved brother Rev. C. M. Hott, of 
Woodbridge, Cal.,a brother of Gr. P. 
Hott, who is a member of this Board, 
therefore resolved, that we do hereby 
express and tender to our dear 
brother, Gr. P. Hott, our heartfelt 
sympathy in his sore bereavement. 

President Kephart's report showed 
that in each of the college courses 
there has been a loss of one, while in 
the general preparatory, elective and 
normal classes there has been a cred- 
itable gain. He submitted a rear- 
rangement of courses, a normal 
course and two post - graduate 
courses. The financial condition he 
regards as the great question and 
upon its solution depended the fu- 
ture success of the college. Let the 
conviction that we must have a 
college take fast hold upon us, 
and that location and every related 
question shall be subordinated to 
that, and our difficulty will be largely 

He assured the board that he shall 
gladly contribute whatever of help 
he can render in making Lebanon 
Yalley College a success. 

It w r as ordered that Trespass No- 
tices be put up in the campus, and 
that the entrance on the north of 
campus be closed. 

It was decided to hold private 
sessions on Tuesday afternoon. It 
was ordered that Messrs. J. T. Spang- 
ler and Wm. H. Kindt be graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
and that Miss Loula Funk, and 
Messrs. Ed. S. Bowman, Ed. 0. Burt- 
ner, Allen Ward and Wm. R. Keller 
be graduated with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Science. E. S. Lorenz was 
directed to telegraph Ex-Bishop 
Flickinger to ascertain whether he 
would accept the general manage- 
ment of L. V. C. and received a nega- 
tive reply. 

Contined on page 47. 


Financial Apnt of Letaoi Valley Collie to Board of Trustees, 

JUNE lOth, 1890 


Personal Accounts, $5,710 29 

Mortgages, 15,000 00 

Notes, 6,136 78 

Endowment, 4.65 00 

Stock Balance, 27,687 58 

$54,999 65 


Personal Accounts, $932 93 

Bills Receivable, 3,658 69 

College Forum, 46 89 

In Treasurer's Hands, 26 09 

Cash 335 05 

Real Estate, 50,000 00 

$54, 999 "65 


To Cash on hand, June 6, '89, . 
In Treasurer hands, June 6, '90. 
Received on old Accounts, 

" On Notes, 

" For Advertisements, . 
From College Day, . . 

' • Donations, 

" Reunion, 

" Post Graduate, 

' ' College Forum, 

" Interest, 

" Tuition Music, Art 
and Domestic De- 

" Loans, 

" Weaver Mem. Fund. . 

' ' Miscellaneous, . ..... 

$494 80 
203 37 
197 03 
93 00 
89 00 
647 32 
101 40 
82 80 
20 00 
48 60 
75 65 

,787 08 
348 58 
16 00 
11 60 

$11,216 23 

Received Cash on Tuition, Art, 
Music and Domestic Depts,. . $8,787 08 

Counterclaims, 1,983 96 

Outstanding, 719 44 

$11,490 48 

Due Teachers June 6, 1889, ...$ 2,656 60 

Salaries for the Year, 6,318 15 

Counter Claims, 64 77 

$9,039 52 

Domestic Department. Income. 
Embracing Boarding, Dormi- 
tories and Laundry : 

Fall Term, $2,573 27 

Winter Term, 1,817 10 

Spring Term, 2,136 82 

$6,527 19 

Literary Department. 

Fall Term, $1,068 83 

Winter Term, 757 94 

Spring Term, 660 95 

$2,487 72 

Music Department. 

Fall Term, $503 52 

Winter Term, 379 60 

Spring Term, 444 50 

$1,327 62 

Art Department. 

Fall Term, $213 38 

Winter Term, 169 63 

Spring Term, 202 39 

$585 40 

Normal Department. 

Spring Term, $562 55 

Totals, $11,490 48 

10,077 61 

Net Gains, $1,412 87 

By Cash paid Teachers, $3,912 88 

" Domestic Supplies, . . 2,455 32 

" Domestic Labor, 396 92 

" Expressage, 27 47 

" General Expenses, .. . 367 76 

" Traveling Expenses, . 170 67 

" Postage, 41 21 

" Interest, 1,018 87 

" Repairs,. 125 86 

" Advertising, 24 50 

" ' Tuning Pianos, 7 50 

" Art Magazine, 7 50 

" Agents' Salaries, 833 82 

" Refunded to Students, 54 71 

" Bills Payable, 1,056 14 

" Moving Expenses, .. . 152 36 

" Old Accounts, 27 00 

" In Treasurer's hands,. 26 09 

" Cash on hand, 335 05 

" Printing & Stationery, 174 60 


Income from all the Depart- 
ments, $11,490 

$11,490 48 

Cash paid Teachers during year 

Notes to Teachers, . 

Paid by Counter Claims, 

Due Teachers June 10, 1890, .. . 


$1,370 47 
991 88 
958 11 

$3,320 46 

$2,036 65 
1,322 50 
1,332 25 

$4,691 40 

$485 00 
323 00 
404 25 

$1,212 25 

$195 50 
141 50 
141 50 

$478 50 

375 00 
$10,077 61 


$1,202 80 
825 22 
1,178 71 

$3,206 73 

$3,912 88 
1,175 56 
659 25 

$9,039 jg 

564 56 
671 30 

$2,203 68 

$18 52 
56 60 
40 25 

$115 37 

$17 88 
28 13 
60 8r 

$106 90 

187 55 
3,616 55 
2,203 68 

$1,412 87 






32 93 
58 69 
46 89 
36 09 
35 05 
00 oo 


12 88 
55 32 
96 92 
27 47 
67 76 
70 67 
41 21 
18 87 

25 86 
24 50 

7 50 
7 50 
133 82 
54 71 
156 14 
52 36 
27 00 

26 09 
135 05 
74 60 

16 23 

: 90 48 


)12 88 

[75 56 
559 25 

)39J 3 


967 82 
564 56 

,203 68 



Traveling Expenses, $223 31 

General Expenses, 2,950 72 

Repairs, 578 37 

Printing and Stationery, 247 35 

Interest, 839 61 

Postage, 35 72 

$4,875 08 

Miscellaneous, . 
Post -Graduate, , 
Donations, ..... 
College Day, . . 
Weaver Memorial Fund, , 

$77 78 
34 00 
313 31 
691 09 
114 75 

Net Gains, \ 1,412 87 

Loss to Balance, 2,231 28 

$4,875 08 

Respectfully Submitted, 

M. O. LANE, Financial Agent. 

Report of Endowment Fund of L. V. C, June 10, 1890. 

Bills Receivable, $17,458 00 

Real Estate, 2,000 00 

In bands of John Hersh, 1,000 00 

Contingent Fund,. . . » 465 00 

Cash, 32 00 

$20,955 00 

East Penna. Conference Note, .$10,900 00 
Pennsylvania " " 1,450 00 
East German " " 2,500 00 
Stock, 6,105 00 

$20,955 00 

Alumni Endowment in hands 
of an Alumnus, $ 2,500 00 

$23,455 00 

Stock June 10th, 1890, $20,955 00 

Stock June 6th, 1889, 7,165 00 

Increase during year, $13,790 00 

Interest received during year, . 


From Alumni Endowment . . . 

$72 60 
120 00 
83 25 


Bearing interest at 6 per cent., $1,108 00 

" at 5 " 11,350 00 

" " at 4 " 500 00 

" " at 2 " 2,000 00 

Nonproductive, 3,500 00 

Real Estate, 2,000 00 

Contingent, 465 00 

Cash, 32 00 

$20,955 00 

$275 85 
Respectfully Submmitted, 

M. O. LANE, Financial Agent. 

Continued from page 46. 

Jacob Hoke of Chambersburg, by 
the hands of Rev. C. T. Stearn, pre- 
sented the college with a number of 
relics. The Financial Agent, Rev. 
M. 0. Lane, gave a very full report 
of the receipts and disbursements. 
The reports showed that the indebt- 
edness is over $27,000, the endow- 
ment is $24,000, the increase of en- 
dowment during the year nearly 
$14,000. The following executive 
committee was elected: 

I. B. Haak, I. H. Albright, C. I. 
B. Brane, M. O. Lane, H. H. Kreider 
and J. N. Frees. 

The following resolution was 

Resolved that it is desirable that 
the Alumni be represented on the 
Board of Trustees. 

Committee on Faculty reported 
and following members were elected: 
Rev. Geo. M. Matthews, A. M., 
President and professor of Mental 
and Moral Philosophy; H. Clay 
Deaner, A. M., Professor of the Latin 
Language and Literature, and As- 
tronomy; Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., 
Ph. D., Professor of Natural Science ; 
John E. Lehman, A. M., Professor 
of Mathematics ; Rev. W. S. Eber- 
sole, A. M., Professor of Greek Lan- 
guage and Literature ; Sarah M. 
Shernck, Ph. B., Professor of Mod- 
ern Languages and English Litera- 

ture ; Carry G. Eby, Professor of 
Instrumental Music and Voice ; M. 
Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmon}?- 
and assistant on Piano ; Florence A. 
Sheldon, Teacher of Fine Arts. 

Committee on Re-location reported 
that they had no meeting,as no busi- 
ness came up before them. That 
several places were talked of, but no 
bids or propositions were made. 

The communication from the Fac- 
ulty, conferring the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts in cursu upon Dr. George 
R. Shenk, of Ringtown, Pa., and the 
honorary degree of A. M. upon Prof. 
McNeil, superintendent of Dauphin 
county, was adopted. 

H. H. Kreider was re-elected treas- 
urer, and I. B. Haak was elected gen- 
eral Financial Manager. 

A vote of thanks was tendered to 
the good people of Annville for their 

[Since adjournment of Board a 
telegram was received from Rev. 
George M. Matthews declining the 
Presidency of the College. 

John Kline Fisher. 

Rev. John Kline Fisher was born 
in Berne, Pa., June 1st, 1850, and 
died in Lebanon, Pa., June 18th, 
1890, aged forty years and seventeen 
days. For years his health had not 
been very good. During the winter, 

while in the midst of a revival, he 
was taken with "la grippe." He 
still continued to preach night after 
night, although not physically able. 
His interest in the souls of men was 
so intense that he seemed to forget 
his personal well-being. His condi- 
tion became so critical that he was 
removed to Lebanon, with the hope 
that the medical skill of that city 
might prolong his life if not effect a 
cure. He gradually grew weaker 
day by day. When he was near un- 
to death, he told the friends at his 
bedside that he sees heaven, and said 
"let everything praise the name of 
the Lord." 

He laid the foundation of his ele- 
mentary education at Berne. He en- 
tered the college in 1868. In 1872, he 
completed the classical course with 
honor and much credit. In the fall 
of 1872, he entered Drew Theologi- 
cal Seminary, and graduated there 
in 1875. The president of Drew, 
wrote president Hammond some 
months after he had entered that 
"the two young men from Lebanon 
Valley College are most excellent 
young men, of very studious habits, 
thorough scholarship, and men who 
who are not afraid to work. We 
will be glad to receive any number 
of such men." These two were Dr. Et- 
ter and our lamented brother. Imme- 
diately after completing his school- 
ing, he entered the active ministry. 
He served most acceptably Inter- 
course circuit, Mt. Joy and Annville. 
At these places many were added to 
the church. I can more especially 
speak of his ministry at Annville. 
His sermons were always full of gos- 
pel truths, and very personal. He 
was untiring in all his duties. His 
labors among the students were most 
highly appreciated. In 1882 he 
joined the Methodists. He sustained 
a high place among that body. He 
maintained the same zeal and faith- 
fulness in his work. His death was 
greatly lamented by his co-laborers 
in the ministry. At the time of his 
death he was serving Shippensburg. 
They loved him dearly and tenderly. 
His congregation sent a delegation 
of ten men to his funeral, six of 
whom acted as bearers. The young 
people sent a check of twenty dollars 
to his wife to be set apart as a fund 
in honor of him. 

He was laid to rest on the 23d 
inst., in Lebanon. Several of the 
Faculty attended his funeral. 

He leaves a widow and a son of 
about eleven years. Lebanon Valley 
College extends to the bereaved 
family and friends our heartfelt 

While we feel sorry, there are so 
many things in his life to cause us 
to rejoice. He has fought a good 
fight. His life has been a good and 
noble one. Perhaps no more fitting 



words can be said of him than that 
he lived as he preached. His ideal 
was Christ. His work has been 
faithfully and well done. He lives 
in the lives and hearts of the scores 
who have been saved through his 
labors. He has gone to his reward. 
Well done thou good and faithful 
servant. h. c. d. 


[Any announcement of Personals in So 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

With sincere regret we heard the 
announcement that Misses Evers 
and Johns have closed their work in 
the institution. Miss Evers has 
faithfully and efficiently managed 
her department for seven years, mak- 
ing a record in which she and the insti- 
tution may justly take great pride. 
Miss Johns, who has been in the in- 
stitution but one year, has won the 
highest esteem of everybody by her 
unusual abilities. Such efficient 
teachers must always be in demand. 

By President Kephart's with- 
drawal from the presidency of the 
institution, Lebanon Yalley College 
loses a man of great power and 
wide influence. His warm interest 
in the educational work in the East 
does not end with the close of his 
official relation. The pastorate of 
the Lebanon Trinity Church, his 
new field of labor, will keep him 
sufficiently near the college that we 
shall have the benefit of his counsel 
and often of his presence. 

We copy the following from "The 
College Ensign," published by San 
Joaquin Valley College, Wood- 
bridge, California: "Miss Alice K. 
Gingrich, our popular and efficient 
instructor in music, will spend her 
summer vacation at the home of her 
parents in Annville, Pa." Miss 
Gingrich arrived on the 13th of June. 
The Forum extends a hearty " wel- 
come home." 

It is to be regretted that Rev. M. 
0. Lane this year severs his connec- 
tion with the College as Financial 
Agent. He has been for three } T ears 
a tireless toiler in his efforts to keep 
the financial balance at an equipoise, 
and has succeeded in keeping the 
most complete and accurate accounts 
yet shown in the history of the insti- 
tution's business. He and his good 
family will be much missed by stu- 
dents and citizens. The best wishes 
of The Forum attend them. 

In the selection of Rev. Geo. M. 
Matthew, A. M., of Dayton, Ohio, for 
the presidency of Lebanon Valley 
College, the Board chose a man of 
strong influence, deep piety, untir- 
ing energy, scholarly habits, and 
withal a man of large experience. 
He has enjoyed all the educational 
advantages afforded by the church. 

having graduated from Otterbein 
University, in "70, and from Union 
Biblical Seminary in '82, besides 
having spent three years study in 
Lane Theological Seminar}^. His 
pastorate of eight years in Dayton 
has been attended with large suc- 
cess. We regret very sincerely that 
his health will not allow him to ac- 
cept the call of the Board. 

Miss Sherrick will rest from her 
successful year's work at her home 
near Scottdale, Pa. 

The Forum extends greeting to 
Misses Eby and Moyer who have 
been elected to the department of 
music. Both are graduates in the 
musical courses of Lebanon Valley 
College, and have afterwards studied 
in the New England Conservatory 
of Music at Boston. Besides, both 
have proven their abilities by their 
work as assistants in the depart- 
ment of which they now take charge. 
Miss Eby sings beautifully, and Miss 
Moyer is a skillful performer on the 

Miss Sheldon, who has so success- 
fully managed the department of Art 
for the past five years, after tarrying 
a week together with Miss Evers, as 
the guest of Miss Gingrich, started 
for Canton, where she expects to 
entertain Miss Evers at her home 
during the first week of July. 

Simon P. Light, Esq., class '80, 
was married to Miss Ella M. Smith, 
class '81, on June 21 th, at 8:45 p. 
m., in the U. B. Church, by Rev. D. 
D. Lowery. A reception was held 
at the home of Mr. Cornelius Smith, 
father of the bride. The bridesmaids 
were Misses Alice Evers, Florence 
Sheldon, Alice Gingrich and Mary 
Johns. The bridal party left on the 
midnight train for the New England 
States, New York, Niagara Falls and 
other points of interest. The Forum 
extends best wishes for a long and 
felicitous life. 

Prof. E. H. Sneath, class '81, was 
married on June the 19th to Miss 
Anna Sheldon Camp, of Middletown, 
Conn. Seri in coelum redeatis is 
our wish. 

Prof. Ebersole is spending his 
vacation with his parents at Mt. 

Rev. Lynn and wife are visiting 
Prof. Bowman's. Mrs. Lynn is a 
sister of the Professor. 

The announcement of the death of 
Rev. P. M. Hott caused his many 
friends here to bow in deep sorrow. 
His relations to the college, as Col- 
lege pastor, and as student, endeared 
him to the hearts of all. His excel- 
lent Christian character and deep 
piety has been an inspiration to 
many. To his dear wife and children 
The Forum extends its tenderest 
sympathies, and invokes upon them 

the blessings and consolation vouch 
safed in the Gospel which he pro- 
claimed with such power and in 
which he had such hope and confi- 

The Flag. 

About a year ago money was se- 
cured through the efforts of Mr. 
Flook for a flag to be placed on the 
main building of the College. Owino- 
to the incessant rain last fall, it was 
deferred until June 1th, when the 
dedicatory services were held in the 

The joint committee of Faculty 
and students consisted of Professors 
Deaner and Bowman, and Miss Anna 
R. Forney and Messrs. Hervey Roo-p 
and Samuel Evers. 

The flag was temporarily put in 
place on the 29th of May. It was 
pulled to the breeze b}' Prof. Deaner 
and Mr. Grant Bollinger. On the 
6th of June it was put up permanently 
on a.pole 34 feet long, which is fast- 
ened on the cupola nearly perpen- 
dicular. The flag is the recruiting 
flag of the United States and has 42 

At 5:30 the parade left the Ladies' 
Hall. It was headed by the Wash- 
ington Cornet Band. Next came the 
President of the College and the 
committee. Then came Master Will 
Eby Herr, dressed in a full conti- 
nental suit, carrying a flag. Follow- 
ing were thirteen little girls dressed 
in white, with red, white and blue 
ribbon tied around each arm, and 
wearing a diminutive flag. Upon a 
sash of white muslin was printed an 
appropriate symbol of each state, 
which represented a historical event. 
This was as unique as it was novel. 

Mr. Horace Crider carried a large 
flag on a staff, and wore in large let- 
ters " E pluribus unum " on a sash. 
Master Clyde Sajdor carried a ban- 
ner ; on one side was a rattlesnake 
cut in thirteen pieces with the words 
" Unite or die." On the other side 
was the snake united, in the act of 
giving warning, with the words, 
" Don't tread on me." 

Following him were forty - two 
young ladies dressed in white carry- 
ing flags and wearing sashes with 
the name of the State printed on. 
The States came in the order in which 
they were admitted. A drum corps, 
consisting of Masters Harry Irnbo- 
den, Harry Seabold and Byron 
Say lor, preceded the gentlemen stu- 
dents, of whom there were about 

The parade crossed at Dr. Mar- 
shall's and continued on the south 
side of Main street till Mr. R. Herr's- 
Returned on the north side of same 
street. Then a stop was made at hall 
of Patriotic Sons, where a delegation 
joined. At Mr. John Ulrich's the 



Gr. A. R. entered the parade. They 
at once proceeded to the campus, 
where dedicatory services were held. 

President Kephart made the open- 
ing address on "The signicance of 
the Occasion." Mr. James T. Spang- 
ler, '90, gave history of "The Flag." 
Miss Loula Funk, '90, read a poem, 
"E Pluribus Unum." The orator 
was George Ulrich, esq. He spoke on 
"The American Flag." The Presi- 
dent's address was very full of feel- 
ing ; many eyes were bediinmed with 
tears while he spoke. The history 
was very complete and of special 
merit. The poem was delivered in 
good style. 

The orator was in one of his happy 
moods, and delivered an address 
worth}' of the occasion. 

The music by the band was most 
excellent, and selections were all 

The exercises closed by singing 
two stanzas of " My Country 'Tis of 
Thee," led by Miss Johns. 

The exercises in every respect 
were a grand success. It is said 
that there never was as grand an 
affair in Annville as was this. Never 
as much patriotism shown and as 
many people on the streets. Every- 
body was out, and all along the line 
of the parade people were cheering 
and waving hats and flags. To show 
more fully the enthusiasm of the 
occasion we clip from the Annville 
Journal: " The dedication of the flag 
was a perfect success. The program 
was rendered in good style and one 
of the best ever given to an Annville 
audience. The success and the ar- 
rangement of the program is due to 
Prof. Deaner, who made the sugges- 
tions and had them carried out under 
his immediate supervision." 

One Phase of Classical Study. 

The differences between American 
Colleges are of teachers and appli- 
ances and not of curricula. The 
two main courses everywhere uni- 
form are the Classical and the Scien- 
tific, the latter sometimes styled the 
Latin Scientific or Philosophical. 
Every student entering college must 
determine, or his parent must deter- 
mine for him, which course to pursue. 
If there be no lack of means or 
°ther embarrassments, the courses 
s tand on their merits, and it depends 
Upon the knowledge and discriminat- 
ln g powers of the j udge whether the 
v erdict shall be correct. It is to be 
re gretted that too often in such a 
° the judge is an impatient, inex- 
perienced boy or girl, who decides 
*gaint the classical, because it is 

too hard " and may be longer. 
5ence it would be a grateful service 
*° a parent or student who refuses 
J*> take the advice of teachers to 
We clearly stated at the beginning 

the relative merits of each course. It 
shall not, however, be the purpose of 
this writing to do this, but only to 
attend briefly to one result of classi- 
cal study in which it shows itself 
superior — acuteness of mind. 

Many people have eyes to see, but 
they see not ; ears to hear, but they 
hear not. They go through the 
world blind to the beauties of nature 
and the great movements in history ; 
deaf to the melodies of earth and the 
harmonies of heaven. Their enjoy- 
ment is the less and the baser be- 
cause the two purest joy-conducting 
avenues are barred and all must 
come through the three remaining 
senses. He who has a keen appreci- 
ation of order, correctness, beauty, 
and can bring all of these even out 
of their opposites — these are the}' 
who live in the clearer, purer upper 
atmosphere of enjoyment, an enjoy- 
ment joined with reverence for the 
divine. This keenness of intellect is 
the natural result of a correct study 
of the classics. 

The same habit of mind delivers 
men from blundering in their use of 
language and in general demeanor. 
The speaker who tells how a " white 
girl's dress" frightened a passing 
horse when he means a " girl's white 
dress," or the writer who speaks of 
the " melody of the rushing waves 
as they roar like maddened beasts," 
and the man who asks every other 
man his business, and tells ghastly 
stories in the presence of ladies, 
must ever suffer the criticism and 
disapprobation of more exact people. 
And this is a distressing experience 
to any one who makes any claim to 
superior intelligence. " It is true 
that the discerning intellect of the 
world is always greatly in advance 
of the creative," says Emerson ; but 
he who sees error and demands great 
exactness of others will demand no 
less of himself. 

After all, the world is moved by 
close and rapid thinking, and he who 
is ambitious to rule the world must 
do it in that way. It is not the man 
who can talk for half an hour and 
exhaust a dozen subjects that will be 
most valuable to the world and most 
respected by men ; but he who can 
interest and instruct through an 
hour's address on one subject and 
not exhaust it. So with a writer, 
and any other who devotes himself 
to intellectual pursuits. This habit 
of close work, critical and thorough, 
is a natural acquisition from classical 

So also is the habit of close obser- 
vation as has already been suggested, 
but it deserves special emphasis. It 
is a bit of history that Goethe's 
eminence as an author was largely 
due to the disagreeable task which 
his father set him while young of 
writing a minute account of all he 

had seen when he returned from a 
walk or journey. Moreover with 
this temper of mind accrues a strong 
memoiy, the whole a most enviable 
and necessary accomplishment for 
intellectual laborers inparticular,and 
all men in general. Herein has been 
mentioned nothing of the knowledge 
obtained from classical study, but 
only one of the mental habits thereby 
acquired — acuteness. After all the 
aim of collegiate education is mental 
discipline rather than knowledge,and 
he who fails of an acute mind defeats 
the purpose of his course. 

The Hopeful Outlook. 

So many things have been written 
concerning the educational work of 
the church in the East, and more 
especially about Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, that it seems there is nothing 
more to say. But once more we beg 
your kind indulgence while we say a 
few words. The burden of our song 
shall not be mournful, neither shall 
we attempt to lash any one for what 
he has done, or for what he has not 
done. But we shall as briefly as 
possible look at the hopeful side of 
things, for there is such a side as 
well as a discouraging side, which 
has been held up before our people 
so long that almost everything looks 
blue as Monday. 

Of course we recognize the fact 
that the college is at present passing 
through something of a crucial test, 
as many other schools, and indeed, 
nearly all have done, and many even 
worse than this, for not a few had to 
close doors and suspend operations 
for a season until relief came. We 
anticipate nothing of the kind for 
Lebanon Yalley College. There are 
a few pressing claims aggregating 
several thousand dollars, but what is 
that when we consider the wealth 
that surrounds her, and that is in 
the hands of her friends among the 
forty thousand members of the pa- 
tronizing conferences. She is passing 
through a trial, and some of her faint- 
hearted friends think a very severe 
one, but when men have come to 
their extremity then is God's oppor- 
tunity, and in His own good time and 
way He will bring her out into the 
light. If the friends of the college 
will do their duty and trust in the 
power and wisdom of an infinite God, 
success will come, and that soon. 

The darkest hour is just before the 
dawn, nay, indeed, the dawn is begin- 
ning to appear already — the sky is 
clearing. The financial agent said 
not long ago he was beginning to see 
daylight ahead. Let the shout go all 
along the line Victory ! Victory ! ! 
Let us take our harps from off the 
willow and sing the songs of our tri- 
umph. Lebanon Valley College will 
live and live more grandly and more 



gloriously than she ever did. Our 
people will have a college in the 
East, and very soon they will arouse 
themselves and come to her relief 
Already there is a shaking of the dry 
hones. The pressing financial diffi- 
culty is being bridged over by the 
newly-elected financial manager, and 
soon we'll sail under a clear sky, and 
with flowing banners. I had never 
lost faith in the final success of my 
alma mater. I was one of her first 
students, and we had " dark days " 
then, but deep down in my heart 
there has always been an abiding 
hope and confidence that for Lebanon 
Yalley College there is a mission 
and a glorious future. Friends, rally 
a little longer, pull a little stronger, 
the victory is before us, and not very 
far off either. But upon what do I 
base my hopes? Well, these are a 
few of the encouraging features : We 
have an endowment fund of nearly 
twenty -five thousand dollars ($25,- 
000), bearing interest, most of it at 
six per cent. We have the Josephine 
Bittinger Eberly bequest of about 
forty thousand dollars ($40,000); we 
have a modest but widely recognized 
successful business man to manage 
her finances ; we have a growing and 
influential alumnal association ; we 
have about a hundred or more stu- 
dents, young men and women , who are 
earnest, studious and who have hearts 
beating warm and tender for their 
school. Many more things might be 
referred to, but these are sufficient to 
give hope and courage to the most 

I wish I could get into one grand 
mass meeting on the old campus all 
the friends of the college, all the old 
students, all the alumni, all the pres- 
ent students (and I am sure they 
would be the most enthusiastic 
crowd); then we'd sing the doxology 
and shout, until they heard us in 
every corner of the six cooperating 
conferences, " Hurrah for the Suc- 
cess op Lebanon Valley College." 


" On Lack of Conscience as a Means 
of Success." 

The following closes an editorial 
in the July Century with the above 
title : " The fact is that there is alto- 
gether too much reverence for ras 
cals, and for rascally methods, on 
the part of tolerably decent people. 
Rascality is picturesque, doubtless, 
and in fiction it has even its moral 
uses : but in real life it should have 
no toleration ; and it is, as a matter 
of fact, seldom accompanied by the 
ability that it brags. 

" One proof that the smart rogue 
is not so smart as he thinks, and as 
others think, is that he so often 
comes to grief. He arrives at his 
successes through his knowledge of 

the evil in men ; he comes to grief 
through his ignorance of the good in- 
men. He thinks he knows 'human 
nature," but he only half knows it. 
Therefore he is constantly in danger 
of making a fatal mistake. For in- 
stance, his excuse to himself for 
lying and trickery is that lying and 
trickery are indulged in by others — 
even by some men who make a loud 
boast of virtue before the world. A 
little more or less of lying and trick- 
ery seems to make no difference, he 
assumes — especially so long as there 
is no public display of lies and 
tricks — for he understands that there 
must always be a certain outward 
propriety in order to insure even the 
inferior kind of success he is aiming 
at. But, having no usable con- 
science to guide him, he underrates 
the sensitiveness of other con- 
sciences — and especially the sensi- 
tiveness of that vague sentiment 
called 'public opinion,' — and he 
makes a miscalculation, which if it 
does not land him in the peniten- 
tiary, at least makes him of no use 
to his respectable allies; therefore, 
of no use to his semi-criminal asso- 
ciates; therefore, a surprised, miser- 
able and vindictive failure." 

Amateur Photography. 

I fell in love with Phyllis Brown : 
She was the nicest girl in town. 
Her father had a bank account 
Of a superfluous amount ; 
And so the more I thought of it 
The clearer seemed the benefit 
That such a union would confer 
At least on me — perhaps on her. 
For she was pretty. Such a nose ! 
Such grace of curves ! Such tint of rose ! 
Such sylph-like elegance of pose ! 
Such sunny eyes of heavenly blue, 
With little cherubs peeping through ! 
Such golden bangs ! — Oh, every such 
Was the superlative of much ! 

And educated ? She could speak 
Italian, Spanish, Volapiik, 
French, Russian, Swedish, Danish, Dutch, 
And every language born of Babel — 
To read and speak them she was able. 
So learned, pretty — rich besides ; 
Yes, she would be the gem of brides ! 
And I, though poor, had every taste, 
The wealth of Kroisos would have graced ; 
So I resolved to risk my fate 
In winning such an equal mate. 

At first my chances promised fair ; 
She met me half-way everywhere : 
Accepted my civilities ; 
And sometimes made me ill at ease 
When I on parting held her hand 
And felt that mute "You understand," 
Expressed by just the faintest squeeze. 
(I cannot think she was a flirt, 
A nd yet she did it to my hurt !) 

One day I crossed the Rubicon : 

I knew her father would have gone ; 

I rang her door-bell inly bent 

On knowing if she would consent. 

She sent me down a little note, 

The coolest that she ever wrote : 

" Excuse me, please, from seeing you, 
I've something else that I must do ; 
I'll see you later if we live." 

I asked the footman if he knew 
Why such an answer she should give ; 
The servant shrewdly shook his head ; 
"She's busy sir," he gravely said, 

"Developing a negative!" 
— Nathan Haskell Dole, in Bric-a-Brac, in 
" The Century' 1 '' for July. 

Philokosmian Literary Society, 

Esse quam Videri. 

The following was the result of the 
election of officers held on June 6: 
President, H. F. Stauffer ; Vice Pres- 
ident, S. T. Meyer ; Recording Secre- 
tary, H. U. Roop ; Corresponding 
Secretary, H. W. Harnish; Critic, 
W. H. Washinger; Chaplain, W. R. 

We had the pleasure of greeting 
Rev. S. D. Faust, Rev. A. H. Shank 
and W. M. Hain of Harrisburg, D. 
W. Crider, Rev. I. H. Albright and 
J. Arthur Schlichter of York, Rev. 

A. P. Funkhouser of Harrisonville, 
Va., Prof. J. N. Fries of Dayton, Va., 
Rev. M. B. Spayd of Highspire, Pa., 
Rev. H. B. Spayd of Shamokin, Pa., 
Dr. H. A. Maulfair of Hummelstown, 
Pa., E. E. Keedy of Yale Theologi- 
cal Seminary, B. F. Daugherty of 1J. 

B. Seminary, Reno S. Harp of Fred 
erick City, Md. — during commence- 
ment. It gives us pleasure to meet 
those who are interested in the wel- 
fare of the society. 

At the called meeting of the so- 
ciety held on Wednesday of com- 
mencement week, Rev. A. H. Shank, 
D. W. Crider, Reno S. Harp, W. U. 
Hain, E. E. Keedy, Rev. S. D. Faust, 
B. F. Daugherty and Rev. A. L. 
Shannon addressed the society. 
They congratulated the members on 
the progress the} r are making and 
promised their sympathy and co-op- 
eration in the work. 

Prof. Qt. W. Bowman was present, 
and in one of his happiest moods 
gave expression to thoughts, edify- 
ing and entertaining. J. Arthur 
Schlichter recited several choice se- 
lections which were finely rendered 
and highly appreciated. Mr. Schlich- 
ter is an elocutionist of more than 
ordinary ability. 

The other friends of the society 
who were present were Rev. W. H. 
Wagner of Dickinson, Pa., Mr. H. 
Roop of Highspire and Mr. Killinger 
of Annville. 

Three of our members graduated 
from the institution this year-— E- 
S. Bowman, A. F. Ward and W. & 
Keller. E. S. Bowman and A. F. 
Ward delivered their final addresses 
at the last regular meeting of the 
society — words which shall not soon 
be forgotten. E. S. Bowman has 
chosen the ministry for his life-work- 
We predict for him a successful 1 
career. May he be instrumental 10 
winning many from darkness tolighk 








































, e r 


A. F. Ward has chosen Pharmacy 
for his profession. We believe his 
efforts in this department of life will 
be crowned with success. May he 
be second to no one in this work. 

W. R. Keller has decided to teach. 
He has had experience in the pro- 
fession, and we trust that we shall 
have the pleasure to see him stand 
foremost among the educators of our 

The best wishes of the society at- 
tend these members. We trust that 
they may utilize the knowledge 
gained during their course to the 
honor and glory of Him whom they 
serve, and realize that the path of the 
just shineth more and more unto 
the perfect day. 

H. W. Harnish, W. H. Bicker, 
D. Hetrick and I. G. Horner were 
energetic workers during the year. 
Mr. Ricker will return in the fall and 
enter upon a course. H. W. Harnish 
will teach during the winter, and ex- 
pects to return in the spring and 
take the classical course. Messrs. 
Hetrick and Hoerner expect to take 
a course in a year or two. They say 
they shall always remain true to the 
motto, " Esse quam videri." 

The work of the endowment fund 
is progressing nicely. We should 
be glad to have all the ex-members 
feel interested enough in this work 
to write to us stating what they can 
do — if we fail to write to you. Don't 
become alarmed at this statement, 
but let us hear from you, and we 
shall appreciate what you contribute. 

We trust each one of the mem- 
bers will work for students during 
vacation, and make choice of a chum, 
as it is extremely sad to be alone. 

Art Department. 

The Art Department closed June 
12, and the work of arranging for 
the exhibition of the pictures was 
begun. When completed the room 
presented a pleasing appearance. 
While most of the work done has 
been copying, the subjects are usually 
Well chosen, as the studies supplied 
are after some of our best artists. The 
exhibit of drawing was not as large 
as it should have been for the 
amount of work done. In oil paint- 
ing the examples were numerous, 
the larger number of pupils working 
With that medium. Some water 
colors were a new feature, and the 
china exhibit was never so large. 
Some pretty pieces were done in the 
Dresden colors. Several examples 
°f work done from Still Life and 
Flowers were shown, which were 
creditable, showing progress in the 
training of the powers of observation. 

Subscribe for The Forum. 


Rev. J. E. Lynn, formerly profes- 
sor of Latin and of Mathematics in 
this institution, having completed 
the theological coarse at Princeton, 
has accepted a call to the Second 
Presbyterian Church of Pottsville, 
Pa. His many friends were glad to 
welcome him and his family here 
during commencement week. Our 
best wishes accompany him and his 
family in their new field of labor. 
We are glad that he carries with him 
a kind remembrance of the college 
and his former work here. 

Mr. McNary, of Wooster Univer- 
sity, secured the first honor in the 
Prohibition oratorical contest for the 
championship of Ohio. Mr. Yates, 
of Findlay College, took second 
honor. The difference between the 
honors was only one-fourth of one 
per cent. 

President Seelye, of Amherst Col- 
lege, has resigned, to take effect at 
the end ot the College year, Aug. 31. 

President Buckham announced a 
gift to the University of Vermont of 
$50,000 by Frederick K. Billings, of 

A circular is being sent out to the 
members of the Alumni to obtain a 
complete history of its members for 
reference. It is hoped that all will 
promptly respond. The information 
desired will be inestimable to the col- 
lege in keeping its graduates in- 
formed concerning the college's 
needs, and will furnish data for the 

Mr. I. B. Haak, the newly elected 
Financial Manager of the College, 
took charge on the 1st of July. 
Bro. Haak is an excellent business 
man, and will bring, in his new rela- 
tion to the college, large experience 
and business tact. Let the church 
give him their hearty support and 
prayers, and he will be sure to do 
good work and to place the college 
on a firm financial basis. 

The Indian students of Carlisle 
have raised $550 for the starving In- 
dians in North Dakota. This bene- 
ficence is from the earnings made 
during vacation. 

Dr. J. Z. Hoffman, class '83, has 
sent us the Annual Announcement 
of Wichita Medical College. The 
Doctor is Professor of Medical 
Chemistry and Toxicology in the 

The Maryland students have ar- 
ranged to hold their third reunion 
the latter part of July. It is ex- 
pected to be held at Boonsboro. 
They elected Prof. Deaner chair- 
man and Miss Lillie J. C. Rice, sec- 
retary. The committee on pro- 
gramme is the chairman, with Miss 
Anna Keedy and Mr. E. S. Bowman. 

Immediately after school closed 
there was an unusual degree of anx- 

iety occasioned by the notice in the 
Press that John Shoemaker had 
been drowned at Johnstown. We 
are glad to announce that Mr. Shoe- 
maker is still alive and at home. 

Prof. Ebersole has been granted a 
leave of absence for a year, which 
time he will devote to special study. 
The Executive Committee have 
elected Mr. J. T. Spangler, class of 
'90, as his substitute. This appoint- 
ment will give very excellent satis- 
faction. Mr. Spangler was a very 
close and thorough student, and will 
fill the position most acceptably. 
The faculty send greetings and as- 
sure him of their hearty co-opera- 


Summer Scientific Study. 

One of the notable departures 
along the different lines of study 
and all the departments of re- 
search is the tendency to popular- 
ize the work by making it practi- 
cal, and by surrounding it by social 
advantages which make the work a 
pleasure. Scientific study, especially, 
has thus received an impetus which 
has done and is now accomplishing 
more for practical science than any 
other agency in use in modern times. 
The departments of Geology, Miner- 
alogy, Botany, Zoology and Chemis- 
try find their laboratories on the sea- 
shore, in the woods and on the 
mountain top. The class finds its 
raw material for experimentation and 
research where nature placed it, sur- 
rounded by its proper environments, 
which often go so far in the solution 
of the difficult problems that lie 
hidden in it. The study of nature 
in her own laboratory, the investiga- 
tion of the forces generated there, 
and their innumerable transforma- 
tions of energy and vitality make a 
most desirable occupation during the 
summer months. Add to this the 
fact that the conditions of the work 
are favorable to the highest degree 
of health and enjoyment, and we 
don't wonder that summer study is 
becoming more and more popular, 
and, in fact, that science is taking 
its proper and most important place, 
both as a means of mental develop- 
ment and in the practical affairs of 
every day life. 

Another effect of this study of na- 
ture, in the natural way, by the use 
of the senses, is a manifest impatience 
with the continued and only use of 
the text book. This is being felt 
in our schools and no progressive 
teacher will continue to be satisfied 
with the old style of rote-teaching, 
simply beceuse there is a demand for 
work in another and very much more 
satisfactory direction. 

It is doubtless the beginning of a 



new era of progress which will make 
itself felt in all our educational work, 
and which will act as a wonderful 
stimulus to greater attainment and 
higher achievement in the work of 
education in this country 

Astronomical Phenomena for July. 

The earth is in aphelion on July 

Mercury is morning star at the be- 
ginning of the month, but is hardly 
far enough away to show well, hav- 
ing passed its greatest western elon- 
gation on the night of June 23 and 
24. It is rapidly approaching the 
sun and is at superior conjunction on 
Juby 22nd. It is in perihelion on 
July 15th. 

Venus is an evening star and sets 
a little more than two hours after the 
sun. It is moving out toward east- 
ern elongation, but will not reach that 
point till late in September. It is 
also gradually growing brighter, but 
will not reach its maximum brilliancy 
until late in October, when it will be 
nearly three times as bright as it is 
during July. On the night of July 
ltth there will be a near approach of 
Yenus and Saturn. The nearest ap- 
proach comes about noon of that 
date, but the planets will still be 
quite near each other after sunset. 

Mars is still conspicuous in the 
evening, but has begun to lose light. 
It moves westward until July 4th, 
after which it moves eastwai'd. At 
the end of the month it isnot far 
from Beta and Delta Scorpii. It is 
on the meridian about 9 o'clock p. nr, 
at the beginning of the month, and 
a little after 7 p. m. at the end of the 

Jupiter comes in opposition on the 
morning of July 30th. It rises a 
little after 9 p. m. on July 1st and a 
little after t p. m, July 31st. It 
moves westward about 4° during the 

Saturn is still to be seen in the 
western sky, but sets not long after 
the sun. It is still in the constella- 
tion Leo and moving slowly east- 

Uranus is in the western sky in 
the evening, in the constellation 
Virgo, 3° north and east of Spica. 

Neptune is in Taurus, and is 
morning star. — Pop. Sci. News. 

Meteorology for June. 


Average Temperature. Highest. 

7 A. M., 72.5 81 

2 P. M., 85.3 94 

9 P. M., 72.8 84 
Whole month, 76.8 94 

The face of the sky in 90 observa- 
tions gave clear 29, fair 49, cloudy 
9, fog 1, rain 2, mist 1. 


Show The Forum to your friends. 

All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 


In a boat race A can beat B by 80 
yards ; but the day of the race prov- 
ing foggy, A can row only at eight- 
ninths of his usual rate and B at 
nine-tenths of his, when A beats B 
by only 26 yards. Find the length 
of the course. (Solutions solicited.; 


There is a hole in the barn floor, 
two feet wide and twelve feet long. 
How can it be entirely covered with 
a board three feet wide and eight 
feet long by cutting the board only 
once in two ? 


Two towns, M and N, are situated 
on opposite sides of a canal, as in the 
figure below. Show by geometric 
construction how to locate a bridge 
that shall be equidistant from the 




In turning a one-horse chaise with- 
in a ring of a certain diameter, it was 
observed that the outer wheel made 
two turns while the inner made but 
one. The wheels were of the same 
height and five feet apart. What was 
the circumference of the track de- 
scribed by the outer wheel ? 

Examination in Natural Philos- 


1. (a). Give three laws for the mixture 

of gases. 

(b) . Describe the siphon-fountain . 

(c) . Give the series indicating the 

relative heights and densities 
of the atmosphere. 

(d) . What is the height of the at- 

mosphere ? How determined ? 


2. (a). Distinguish noise, roar, musical 

sound, as to their production. 

(b) . A thunder clap is heard 10 

seconds after the flash is 
seen ; the temperature being 
85°F., what is the distance? 

(c) . Distinguish pitch, intensity and 

quality of sound. On what 
does each depend ? 

(d) . Define harmony, discord, inter- 

ference, echo, temperament. 


3. (a). Define calorescence, polarization, 

irradiation, achromatism. 

(b) . Pi'ove that the inclination of 

rays to each other is not al- 
tered by a plain mirror. 

(c) . Give the three cases of images 

formed by a concave mirror. 

(d) . Name and describe the kinds of 


(a. ) How is the spectrum produced? 
The bright lines ? The dark 
lines ? 

(b). Name and explain the theories 
of light. 

(c) . How are long and short visions 

corrected ? Explain. 

(d) . Name and describe the kinds of 

5. (a) 


What is the coefficient of the 

expansion of gases? 
Eeduce 6, 18 and 80 F to C and 
8, 20 and 45 C to F. 

(c) . Explain specific and latent heat. 

(d) . What is Joule's mechanical 

equivalent of heat. 

Weaver's Memorial Fund. 

Reported to April 10th, 1890, ... . $123 00 
From April 10th to June 2 1st, 1890 : 

Philip Boltz, Annville, Pa., 10 00 

Rev. P. A. Bowman, Union De- 
posit, 2 00 

Total, $134 00 


The July Century — Perhaps the 
most striking feature of the J uly Cen- 
tury is the long-expected debate on 
" The Single Tax," by Edward At- 
kinson and Henry George. 

Another article that marks this 
number of The Century is the begin- 
ning of Ihe Genturyh " Prison Se- 
ries," the first paper being a thrilling 
account of the life of " A Yankee in 
Andersonville," by Dr. T. H Mann, 
accompanied by a plan, and pictures 
made from rare photographs. 

The first of two papers on " Prov- 
ence " describes and brilliantly il- 
lustrates an unhackneyed region of 
the Old World : that part of France 
which is like Italy — with its splendid 
Roman remains, its palace of the 
Popes, and its associations with 
Petrarch and Laura. Miss Preston, 
who wrote the article, is the well- 
known translater of " Mireio," by the 
great Provencal poet Mistral. 

Dr. Edward Eggleston in an ilUis- 
trated article tells the story of " Na- 
thaniel Bacon, the Patriot of 1676." 

John Burroughs, who has not 
lately appeared as often as usual in 
the magazine, prints a characteristic 
out-of-door paper entitled " A Taste 
of Kentuckjr Blue-grass." 

Joseph Jefferon, in his charming 
Autobiography, describes his early 
experiences in Peru and Panama; 
he also tells how he revived the play 
of " Rip Van Winkle," in London, 
with the literary assistance of Dion 

Mrs. Amelia Gere Mason describes 
the " Women of the Freneh Salons 
of the 1 8th Century " 

The Editorial Topics are : " On 
Lack of Conscience as a Means of 
Success," "New- York's Reformed 
Electoral System," " A Recent Ser- 
mon," and " Tom-Toms in Politics.' 
There is an Open Letter on " The I»* 
side Facts of Lincoln's Nomination. 


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VOL. III. No. 8. 


Whole No. 



E. Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 

H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

Geo. Vv. Bowman, A. M., Ph. D., 

, ^ , Professor of Science. 

J. t. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 

Rev. W . S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 

Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S. 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Mary E. Johns. 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 


H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THIS COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
live cents. Subscriptions received at any 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


From the fact that the growth and 
gain of one hundred colleges confer- 
ring the degree of A. B., in cursu, 
during the past year has been very 
Narked and that ninety-four colleges 
have received in gifts during the 
Past year $3,625,079, the declara- 
tions of Mr. Carnegie are not sus- 
tained, that money-making capaci- 
ties are the first ones to be devel- 
°Ped, and that a liberal or literary 
Plication is to be condemned. 

In these 94 colleges there is a pro- 
active endowment of $48,545,449. 
^business with such a capital can 
"°t be a useless one. The business 
°f these colleges is " the preparing 
of young men for getting on in the 
*°rld " in the highest sense. It 
^nis to me that there are too many 
■aulty ideas concerning the province 
f education. The work of educa- 
N is not the filling of the mind 
facts as you fill a granary with 

wheat or a treasury with coin, nor 
does it give you capabilities for this 
especial kind of work, or for some 
other, or give you new powers and 
talents, but it is discipline, it aug- 
ments what a man is. It takes the 
man as he is, and brings out the 
manhood ; it grinds off the rough- 
ness and fits him for work. That 
young man who thinks an education 
is a mere acquisition of knowledge, 
the storing of the mind with facts, is 
to be pitied. He will be a failure. 
The element in education is think- 
ing, mental power. "What is an 
educated apple-seed ? An apple-tree. 
What an educated apple-blossom? 
An apple. What is an educated 
mind? A mind developed in full- 
ness. Now, what the sunbeams and 
the rains and the dews, and the 
breezes and the soil do, in bringing 
the apple-seed and the apple-blossom 
to maturity, just that service is ren- 
dered by knowledge acquired and 
used, in bringing the mind to matu- 
rity. Knowledge is sunlight pour- 
ing into the blossom of the mind; 
its product is the developed mental 

That only is an education which 
develops the whole powers of man. 
A truly educated man preserves the 
balance between acquiring and the 
mental force to utilize what has been 
stored up. That only is a practical 
education which gives strength, 
force, and life, and in every way 
adds to a man's power and ability. 
That education which is commonly 
called " practical, " at best, is very 
faulty. All real education is practi- 
cal, for it seeks results in man, and 
makes more out of man. It is the 
man in man, the woman in woman. 

On the 28th of July, there was a 
special meeting of the Board of 
Trustees. A little over one-third of 
the Board was present. The meet- 
ing was called to elect a president, 
and to set at work plans by which 
the finances might be improved. 
Rev. C. I. B. Brane was in the chair. 
In the absence of the secretary, Mr. 
Boaz Light was elected secretary 
pro tern. 

Prof. E. Benjamin Bierman, A. M., 
was elected president of the college 
and has accepted the presidency. 
The new president's work for the 
year will be to canvass for students 
and work up the endowment, and 
generally to look after the interests 
of students and the college. We be- 
speak for him the cooperation and 
prayers of the church. He will have 
enough to do. His work will re- 
quire more than human strength. 
The burdens of a president of a 
college are heavy, trying, irksome, 
full of anxious solicitude and can 
not be borne unless the church gives 
him a hearty support and help to 
bear them. 

We publish in another column a 
very interesting communication from 
Miss Shaffner, on " Social Life in 

Money is a blessing or a curse. 
When it is used to bring out the 
manhood, and womanhood of your 
children, it doubly blesses parent 
and child. That parent who crushes 
those talents in the child only that 
riches may be possessed, basely 
wrongs the child, and thus becomes 
a curse because possessed at the sac- 
rifice of the God-given powers of 
the child. 

We see that the agent of Fostoria 
Academy avaraged $1,000 per month 
last year. What we want is a good 
man in the field, and in less than 
three years the $100,000 endowment 
can be secured, and enough on con- 
tingent to remove all indebtedness 
from the college. 


Could there not be at each of the 
campmeetings a day or an exercise 
set apart for the college. There 
could be no better opportunity for 
bringing the college to the notice of 
the people. It is just as important 
to have an educational meeting as it 
is a missionary or Sabbath school. 
All are church interests and should 
so be recognized. Heretofore our 
educational work has been regarded 
in a too indifferent manner. Let 
there be a grand gathering. Let 
people know something of what is 
being done and what is yet to be 
done. What do the elders and those 
who have the meetings in charge 
think about a grand educational con- 
ference? Let us have one. 

The fall term opens on Monday, 
September 1st. It is desired that 
the students be in on the first day, 
as there will be special opening ser- 
vices on Tuesdav. 

The prospects for the opening are 
good. A number of new students 
have already arranged to enter, the 
majority of whom will take a full 

Parents love your children more, 
and your money less. Show that 
love by giving them the best educa- 
tion your means wdl allow. 

The New President. 

On July 28, at a special meeting 
of the Board of Trustees, Prof. E. B. 
Bierman, A. M., was elected Presi- 
dent of Lebanon Yalley College by 
an almost unanimous vote. This elec- 
tion was a most fortunate one ; it 
arouses among the friends of the 
college an enthusiasm and inspires 
a confidence that will bring to it a 
success such as it has never enjoyed. 
Prof. Bierman is well and favorably 
known among our college friends, 
having been a member of its faculty 
for about twelve years of its earlier 
history. So that while the people 
know Prof. Bierman, Prof. Bierman 
also knows the college and knows 
her early struggles as well as her 
present needs. 

He is in every sense an eastern 
man, born in good " old Berks "Co., 
and educated at LaFayette college. 
He understands our people and can 
work with them and for them to the 

very best advantage. He is, too, a 
very careful and successful business 
manager ; he will la}" down and fol- 
low a policy of business econom}' 
such as has perhaps not yet been 
followed in the management of the 
affairs of the institution. Into the 
class room he will bring a rich and 
ripe experience. He will take a 
deep interest in the welfare of the 
students and will direct not alone 
their intellectual culture but their 
spiritual growth as well. In all his 
work he will be seconded by the 
efforts of most an amiable wife, 
whom many of the alumni and old 
students remember with the kindliest 
feelings because her noble christian 
life has shed many a ray of influence 
upon their lives and has led them to 
a nobler and better life-purpose. 

Let the friends of the college take 
fresh courage; there is a brighter fu- 
ture before us. Rally to the help of 
the new president, speak kindly to 
3 T our friends and neighbors of him 
and of the college, send us students, 
and the college will live and grow. 
Already we are feeling the pulse of 
a new life. Soon we shall see the 
success we have been hoping and 
praying for. 

Duties of College Trustees. 

The Hamilton Literary Monthly 
again calls attention to the lack of 
interest displayed hj the trustees of 
that worthy institution, who allow 
meeting after meeting to pass with- 
out the attendencc of a quorum. At 
the last meeting but six out of the 
twenty-eight put in an appearance. 
Says the Monthly: "The meeting 
was a farce. But such farces are be- 
coming altogether too frequent in 
Hamilton's history. The only pos- 
sible excuse for such inaction would 
be either that the present conditions 
are so perfect that mortal man can 
conceive of no improvement ; or 
that they are so bad that all help is 
useless. Neither of these excuses 
are, we think, valid in the case of 
Hamilton's trustees. The college 
has needs, crying needs, that should 
compel the attention of those to 
whom its affairs are intrusted. If the 
present members of the board of 
trustees are too indifferent to these 
needs, or too much engrossed with 
other cares to consider them, let 
them resign and make room for 
those who have both the time and 
inclination so to do. It may be 
that the trustees pride themselves 
on the spectacle they are presenting 
to the world of a college running 

itself; but are they sure that it is 
not running itself into the ground ? 
We grant that these views may be 
somewhat pessimistic ; we confess to 
a strong hope for Hamilton's future: 
but it is, and must ever be, most dis-. 
couraging to all those who have the 
welfai'e of their alma mater at heart 
to see her trustees so manifestly in- 

Two Open Letters. 

Almost every paper or magazine 
that one picks up now-a-days con- 
tains " An Open Letter." I want to 
change the style a little and write 
" Two Open Letters." I have some- 
thing to say, first of all to the young 
people who have been students in 
Lebanon Valley College during the 
last year or at least in the recent 
years, and secondly to those who 
contemplate entering school or who 
are prospective students, and I hope 
this last class of my readers is large. 
Since I want to address two classes 
of readers I will write two letters. 

LETTER No. 1. 

To Former Students. 

My Dear Young Friends : 

With a number of you I have been 
associated for three years, with many 
of you a shorter time, but with all of 
you sometime. With some of you 
in the intimate relationship of student 
and teacher, with others only in our 
daily or weekly meetings for religi- 
ous services, or it may be only in 
our social gatherings. But with all 
of you I am acquainted, and in all of 
you I am deeply interested. For 
your welfare I am very anxious, and 
my concern for you is such that no 
service that I can render you is a 
task but always cheerfully done. I 
write this letter because of that in- 
terest in you, which is not a selfish 
interest either. True, I want to see 
you at College again for the College's 
sake, but preeminently for your sake, 
for the help and strength and bless- 
ing that the College will bring into 
your lives and through you into the 
world and the church. The College 
gains power and influence and dig- 
nity from its large number of earnest, 
faithful students", and for that reason 
also, I want to see you all at L. * • 
C. on September first, strong ami 
vigorous after a pleasant vacation, 
ready for another year of hard and 
faithful work. 

First of all let me congratulate V° u 
all for having determined to secure 
for yourself that complete culture) 
social, mental, moral, that a Christian 
College offers to the young people oj 
the land. Many of you have toiled 
hard and faithfully for three or fo" r 
years, and the goal of your ambit 101 ! 
is coming into view, (not the goal o 
your life-purpose for that is n ° 


5. r > 

reached until we lay our armor down 
at the end of life.) Some of you 
have not gone very far up the hill of 
knowledge but you have begun, and 
all are to be congratulated on what 
you have so nobly undertaken. Let 
nothing — I want to emphasize that- 
let nothing turn you from your pur- 
pose; you can secure a College educa- 
tion if you will. All difficulties, 
(and many are imaginaiy) must 
vanish before the earnest and con- 
scientious " I will " of a young man 
or woman. But to some of you I 
lave personally talked along this 
line and may again. Let me say 
what further I have to say for my 
letter is already getting too long. 

Perhaps some discouraging re- 
ports concerning the College have 
come to you since you are at your 
homes. Rumors are afloat, I know, 
that are not calculated to inspire 
much confidence, but I am glad they 
are only rumors and there is no foun- 
dation for their truth. The out- 
look for the College financially is 
really better to-day than it ever was, 
I believe every word of that. To be 
sure there is a little difficulty on 
hand to meet a few pressing claims. 
If a few thousand dollars can be 
raised, (and I am sure it can, the 
church will not let the school die for 
so paltiy a sum), then the breakers 
can be safely passed and beyond 
there is clear sailing. The College 
fail? Never! with an endowment 
fund of nearly twenty-five thousand 
dollars, about one hundred and fifty 
alumni whose hearts beat warm for 
it and fort}' thousand true United 
Brethren to stand by it, and who 
will come to its rescue when its 
needs are property presented to 

i Remember this is your College, 
yours in an important sense. Be 
true to it. We admit that some 
things about the school are not as 
sonu would desire, but if you earn- 
estly desire an education you can 
8ecure it by hard work at L. V. C, 
'*s well as anywhere else, and with- 
out thnt you can secure it nowhei'e. 
Now as your school can we not 
wpe that you will do a little work 
for it among your friends? You 
ton do more toward bringing new 
students into its halls than any agent 
Jfoat the authorities could send out. 
Talk to your friends and associates, 
Present to them the importance of a 
wholesome Christian culture, and 
''hen urge them to come with you to 
J'°ur school. Your teachers are 
$ady to assist you in this nvitter, as 
*ell as in your school work here, and 
*'U visit you on a mission of that 
tond if their presence will do any 

A new President has been elected, 
& man who will inspire perhaps more 
c °nfidence than any man that could 

have been chosen, because he is well- 
known by the friends of the College, 
havingbeenin its faculty about twelve 
years. He is " true and tried," and 
I am confident you will like Presi- 
dent Bierman,and (this I don't want 
President B. to know), you will 
like Mrs. Bierman too; she will be 
interested in you as your own mother 

But I must close this letter ; it is 
nearly "press" time, and I must 
write another. I hope most earn- 
estly to see. you on the first of Sep- 
tember, and with you a large number 
of your young friends. The indica- 
tions are that there will be a number 
of new students. Let the former 
students be on hand in good time. 
Trust the remainder of your vacation 
may be pleasantly and profitably 

I am, most sincerely, 

Your friend and teacher, 

J. E. Lehman. 

LETTER No. 2. 
To Prospective Students. 
My Dear Young Friends: 

I address you as strangers, but am 
very anxious to become acquainted 
with you, and I take this method of 
introducing myself to } 7 ou. I have 
a few things to say to you and this 
"Open Letter" seems the best 
channel of communication. 

You have decided to avail your- 
selves of the advantages of a Chris- 
tian College, and yon are to be con- 
gratulated on your decision. You 
have looked out upon " life's broad 
field of action," and you saw that 
the age more than ever demands a 
broad and liberal culture, the fullest 
development possible of all the powers 
we possess. You have formed a noble 
purpose ; carry it out to its happy 
completion. Fit yourselves as thor- 
oughly as possible to " act well your 
part in life," for " there all the honor 

Now a word about your work here, 
(I don't want to lecture you alread} 7 , 
I can do enough of that when you 
are here, but simply a word of friend- 
ly counsel.) I am anxious that you 
should make the best possible use of 
yonv time and opportunities, and to 
advise you along that line is partly 
the object of this letter. First of all 
you want to come expecting to do 
hard work. If your purpose in 
coming is to have a good time then 
you would better abandon the idea at 
once. True the life of a student is a 
happy one, but to make it a success 
means severe and patient toiling. 
Money will not buy an education for 
any one ; it may sometimes buy a 
diploma but not an education ; that 
you can win for yourselves only by 
earnest and faithful labor. If money 
alone secured a mental training, then 

some of us would to-day be without 
it and man}' would have to live and 
die without it, but since the condi- 
tions are hard work, every one with 
a willing heart and a " sound mind 
in a sound body," can secure an 
education. You must work for it. 
To be sure your teachers are your 
helpers, and as such I would advise 
you to make good use of them; call 
upon them for help and counsel 
freely. It is their business to assist 
you and they will do ii very cheer- 
fully if they know that you are eager 
in your pursuit of knowledge. Do all 
you can yourself, exhaust your own 
powers and then ask their help. 
Your extremity should be their op- 

Do not make the mistake of think- 
ing that getting an education means 
storing the mind with so many facts 
of philosophy 7 , science, &c, being 
able to translate so much Latin or 
Greek, or to solve about so many 
problems in mathematics; that is not 
an education, that is cramming. To 
secure an education is to acquire 
mental strength and that comes only 
by a course of rigid mental disci- 
pline. As the body becomes strong 
only by careful physical training so 
the mind is developed only by proper 
mental exercise; hence the evident 
necessity of the student doing his 
own work, of course under the direc- 
tion of interested teachers who will 
see to it that it is property done and 
that there is just enough and not too 

But my letter is getting too long; 
let me close. 

Ot course you have heard some- 
thing of the College. You know of 
its past history and of its present 
standing. We offer advantages equal 
to any of the average Colleges, and 
any one willing to do hard work can 
do it here as well as elsewhere, and 
without that you can not secure an 
education anywhere. 

I hope to see you about September 
first, and become better acquainted 
with you. In the meantime if you 
want any information concerning the 
work of the College, be free to write 
me or any member of the faculty, 
and it will be cheerfully given. 

Come thou with us and we will do 
thee good." 

Yours most sincerely, 

J. E. Lehman. 

A Prospectus. 


Furnishes most excellent advantages 
to all who are seeking either a clas- 
sical or practical education. 

The Aim of the College is to place 
within reach of all who desire it, the 
best opportunity for securing such 
culture of mind and heart as is nec- 
essary to future success and useful- 



ness. Special care is taken that the 
best moeal and religious influences 
are thrown about all the students. 

A Students' Prayer-Meeting, to 
which all are invited, is held every 
Tuesday evening. 

The College Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A. hold regular meetings, and 
exercise a most salutary influence in 
the institution. 

The Departments op Instuction 
are Literary or Collegiate, Nor- 
mal, Music and Fine Arts. 

The Literary or Collegiate De- 
partment furnishes superior advan- 
tages to those wishing to complete 
either of the usual College Courses, 
the Classical, the Scientific or the 
Philosophical. Students are urged 
to enter, if possible, one of these 
courses, as they undoubtedly furnish 
the best mental discipline. 

The Normal Department, author- 
ized at the last meeting of the Board 
of Trustees, is provided with a spe- 
cial view to meeting the demands of 
those who wish to qualify themselves 
for teaching in the public or high 
schools of this or other States. It 
provides a thorough course of in- 
struction in all branches taught in 
the schools of the State, and as well 
a systematic course of instruction in 
Methods. Such classes in the com- 
mon branches as demands require, 
will from time to time be organized, 
and lectures will be delivered by the 
President and other members of the 
Faculty on the Art op Teaching. A 
special review will be provided in 
the spring term for those who wish 
special preparation for teachers' ex- 

The German and French lan- 
guages are taught by competent in- 
structors. Students can take either 
or both, separately or in connection 
with other branches. 

The Music Department is thor- 
oughly organized and equipped, and 
provided with efficient instructors. 

Misses Carrie Eby and Ella Mover 
are both graduates of the Musical De- 
partment of the College, and studied 
in the New England Conservatory. 
Their success in the past is a suffici- 
ent guarantee for the future. All 
who wish to study music, either 
vocal or instrumental, will undoubt- 
edly find first-class opportunities at 
Lebanon Valley College. 

The Department of Fine Arts 
under the direction of Miss Sheldon 
has done most satisfactory work. 
We are glad to say that she will 
continue in her work, and will put 
forth every effort to increase still 
further the efficiency of her depart- 
ment. The exhibit made by this de- 
partment at last commencement was 
most excellent, the admiration of all 
who saw it. 

Book-keeping and Penmanship 
will be taught. 

General Information. 

The Equipment of the College is 
such as to increase very greatly the 
advantages it offers. It has a good 
supply of Philosophical Apparatus 
to illustrate practically many of the 
difficult points in that most interest- 
ing study. The Laboratory is well 
provided with appliances for practi- 
cal work in the study of chemistry. 
A first-class Surveyor's Outfit, and 
apparatus for illustrating the study 
of Geometry and Arithmetic, very 
greatly increase the efficiency of the 
Mathematical Department. The 
classes in the Ancient Languages 
and History will be greatly helped 
by a new set of classical maps. The 
Museum contains a large number of 
Mineralogical, Geological and other 
specimens, besides many historic 
relics of interest. A good Telescope 
is provided for classes in Astron- 
om}^. The Libraries of the institu- 
tion contain about 4,500 volumes, 
accessible to all students. 

The Literary Societies, three in 
number, two gentlemen's and one 
ladies'; each have comfortable and 
neatly furnished halls. They are 
valuable helps in the work of the 

A Normal Class for the instruc- 
tion of Sunday-School Teachers is 
conducted on each Sabbath by one 
of the Professors. 

A well equipped Gymnasium in the 
College, under the oversight of a 
careful director, furnishes excellent 
opportunities for Physical Culture. 

The Reading Room is well provid- 
ed with leading periodicals, and is 
accessible to all students, upon pay- 
ment of a small fee ; in connection 
with it is a Natural History Club, 
which operates in conjunction with 
the correspondence department of 
the institution. 

A kind yet firm and parental 
system of discipline is exercised 

The Expenses are as low as they 
can be made, and furnish to students 
such advantages and conveniences 
as are satisfactory to all. They are 
as follows : 

Boarding, washing (12 plain pieces 
per week), light, fuel, room rent and 
tuition in Literary Department in 
any four (4) branches, or regular 
work per term : 

Fall Term, 16 weeks, $74 00 

Winter Term, 12 weeks, , r )6 00 

Spring Term, 12 weeks, 56 00 

Per Year, $186 00 

This does not include books. All 
necessary books can be bought here. 


Lessons on Piano or Organ, two 
lessons per week, $16 00 

Voice Culture, two lessons per 
week, 11 75 

Harmony, (Classes 4 or 6), 10 00 

Chorus Class, or part singing to 
those not taking any other study 

in the department, *3 00 

Use of the Piano for one period 

each day, 2 00 

Use of the Organ for one period 

each day, 1 50 

Painting in Oil, one lesson per day, 18 00 
China Painting, one lesson per day, 18 00 
Water Colors, one lesson per day, 13 00 
Modelling in Clay, one lesson per 

day, 8 00 

Drawing from the Antique, one les- 
son per day, 8 00 

Drawing from the Flat, one lesson 

per day, 6 00 

Ornamental Penmanship, per term, 1 50 
Book-Keeping, .... 2 75 

For further information or cata- 
logue, address the President. 


[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Prof. Deaner and lady spent three 
weeks at his parents at Keedys- 
ville, Md., during July. The Pro- 
fessor's rest has been very beneficial 
to him. He made a thorough canvass 
for students with encouraging results. 

Prof. D. D. Keedy, '78, was census 
enumerator for election district No. 
19, of Washington Co., Md. 

Mr. A. C. Rigler, '70, and wife, 
visited the Deaner family in Mary- 
land about the middle of July. 

Master Homer Keedy, so well 
known to all the students, contended 
for the prize recitation contest at his 
home in Rohrersville, Md. The prize 
was given by the W. C. T. XL, and 
consisted of a silver medal. He failed 
to receive the prize, yet it was gen- 
erally conceded that he should have 
had it. 

The infant daughter of Bro. W. J. 
Curley died on the 20th ult. 

Pastor Lowery and family spent 
their annual vacation at West Fair- 
view, visiting Mrs. Lowery 's parents. 

Mr. Henry Roop, of Highspire, 
about the middle of the month, 
called to see us. 

Mr, E. S. Bowman, '90, has ac- 
cepted the Greencastle charge. 

W. H. Washinger, '91, has taken 
mission work at Harrisburg during 
July and August. They are build- 
ing a chapel which is nearing com- 
pletion. The mission is very prom- 
ising, and under the supervision of 
Mr. Washinger will doubtless be 
very successful, as he is a young 
man of push and tact, besides his 
scholaidy attainments. 

Miss Mary M. Shenk, '91, spent 
several weeks during July, visiting 
her brother, Dr. Shenk, and Mis s 
Rentchler, at Ringtown. 

Prof. Lehman and family left for 
Mrs. Lehman's home on the 29tn 
ult. They will remain till the las*- 
of this month. 



Prof. John Keedy, '89, who had 
charge of the Natural Science De- 
partment, San Joaquin College, 
Woodbridge, Cal., will enter Yale 
Divinity in the fall. 

Mr. Samuel Evers,'91, was rusticat- 
ing among the hills of Virginia since 
school closed, to the 29th ult. Since 
that time he has been at his home in 
Maryland, fishing, and visiting and 
having a geueral good time. 

Miss Anna Brightbill, '92, visited 
Miss Anna Keedy and other friends, 
at Ilohrersville, Md., during July. 

Prof. Bowman spent nearly a week 
in New York during first of the 

Miss Sherrick delivered the an- 
nual address at the branch meeting 
of the Woman's Missionary Society 
of Allegheny Conference, the 1st 
inst., at the TJ. B. reunion at Idlewild, 
a park near Mt. Pleasant. 

Miss Lula Walmer at the same 
time gave an address. 

Prof. A. H. Gerberich visited our 
village on the 29th ult. The pros- 
pects for Pottsgrove Academy, of 
which he is principal, never were 

W. H. Kindt, '90, has secured the 
position of assistant teacher in 
the schools of Athens, Pa. 


Henry M. Stanley has been given 
the degree of L. L. D., by Edinburg 
University, in recognition of his ex- 
plorations in Africa. 

George Francis Train, on the 2Tth 
of May, girdled the globe in 67 days, 
13 hours, and 3 minutes, from Ta- 
coma, westward. 

Eight out of every nine books 
published poison the mind and pol- 
lute the soul. They are vile and de- 
basing. These books are published 
because of the demand for such kind 
of reading. To counteract the ten- 
dency for reading this kind of litera- 
ture, good books must be placed in 
the hands of the young, a taste for 
good reading cultivated. To culti- 
v ate this taste, parents must early in 
life direct ths child's reading, and 
place upon the home table the best 
Papers, books and magazines. 

Mr. Ed. E. Keedy and his brother 
Homer on the 22d ult., experienced 
Hat might have proven ver}' serious. 
As they were returning home, the 
horse they were driving became un- 
toangeable, and the speed became so 
Teat that the bed v^as thrown off 

ith all its contents. The horse fell 
ud the wagon rushed on the horse 
Q d held him down till aid came to 
ptanglehim. Fortunately the broth- 
escaped injury, save Mr. Ed. 
Keedy received a scratched arm. 

The horse was skinned considerably, 
but not seriously injured. 

The Annville Journal of 22d ult. 
had the following : 

Latest advices from Maryland re- 
port that Prof. Deaner is playing 
havoc with the finny tribe, lie is 
proving the falsity of the little nurs- 
ery rhyme of the fisherman who 
came home at night 

" His heart was very heavy, 
But his pail was very light." 

On the contraiy the Professor's 
heart was like a feather in his bosom 
when he came home one day last 
week with sixty-live fishes in his 
pail to lay as a trophy at Mrs. 
Deaner's feet. 

The above does not give the Pro- 
fessor justice, as the fish were of 
extra fine size, one of which weighed 
three pounds. 

Prof. Lehman and Messrs. Roop 
and Shaeffer of the "College Quar- 
tette" sang at the Assembly of Cum- 
berland Valley. They did so excel- 
lent^ that before they left the 
grounds the Quartette was engaged 
for next year. 

[For the Forum.] 

Glimpses of Social Life in China. 


Chinese social life is not such as to 
promote domestic comfort. Its one 
redeeming feature is the respect 
shown to the aged, but this is carried 
to such an absurd extreme and mag- 
nified to such a degree that all other 
duties are overshadowed. Tbe sound- 
ness of the principle that the younger 
should revere the elder, we are not 
prepared to question, but ask that it 
be supplemented by that other equal- 
ly important principle that the 
elder should watch over and guard 
the younger, especially in the time of 
helpless infancy, which duty the 
Chinese totally ignore. Not only 
are children required to yield filial 
obedience to their parents, but 
younger brothers are to a large de- 
gree amenable to the elder. The 
distinction of older and younger, not 
in age merely, but in authority, is 
carried out minutely through all de- 
grees of relationship. Among the 
brothers and sisters the older and 
younger are designated by different 
terms : " Ah Koh," meaning the first 
or head one, is the appellation for 
elder brother, and " Sai-lo," " the 
little one," the general name for the 
younger. Uncles, aunts and cousins 
are divided in the same way, and, as 
an additional distinction, those on 
the father's side have an entirely dif- 
ferent set of designations from those 
on the mother's side. These distinc- 
tions are not in name only but indi- 
cate the degree of authority each is 
entitled to exercise. 

In the matter of betrothal and 
marriage, the parents decide and 
make all arrangements, often with- 
out the knowledge of the persons 
most intimately concerned ; and it 
not unfrequently happens that the 
youthful couple never see each 
other's faces until the day on which 
their marriage is consummated. If 
by any chance they had been previ- 
ously acquainted, the rules of pro- 
priety would require that after the 
betrothal they strictly abstain from 
the sight of one another ; and if this 
can be accomplished in no other 
way, one or the other is sent away 
on a visit to friends or to school 
until the time for marriage comes. 
There have been young girls here in 
the Presbyterian Boarding School 
whose friends have sent for them 
ostensibly to make a short visit to 
their homes, but who on their arrival 
found to their consternation that 
they were to be married, this being 
the first hint they had received of so 
important a matter. There are excep- 
tions, however, to this rule ; when, 
for instance, the mother of the be- 
trothed girl is a widow, her prospec- 
tive son-in-law may have access to 
her home, and assist her in her af- 
fairs, rendering her the service of a 
son before marriage. After marriage 
the wife becomes an inmate of the 
husband's family, subject to his 
mother, to whom she becomes a 
slave in the service required. If her 
mother-in-law be exacting her life is 
anything but a happy or an easy one. 
On first repairing to her husband's 
house, she unites with him in wor- 
shiping the tablets of his ancestors. 
This seems to seal her as a member 
of his family, and in the event of his 
death, she is not free to return to 
her own family, but remains under 
the control of his parents, or if they 
be dead, of his uncles or elder broth- 
ers. The men have practically no 
mothers-in-law, marriage not bring- 
ing them into very close relations to 
their brides' families. Persons of the 
same surname are never permitted 
to marry, even though separated by 
forty generations. The separation 
of men and women is a permanent 
barrier to all true social intercourse. 
When circumstances permit the 
women are entirely secluded. In the 
houses of the wealthier people the}^ 
have their own apartments into 
which the men never enter. Here 
the}' spend their time often in list- 
less idleness, or, if inclined, to exer- 
tion in embroidering, at which many 
of them are exceedingly skillful in 
making dainty little shoes for their 
pinched up feet ; in dressing their 
hair and beautifying their counten- 
ances, or in cultivating long finger- 
nails, which they are careful to pro- 
tect with long silver sheaths at 
night. Much of their time is spent 

in gossip of the most insipid manner. 
Little slave girls assist their regular 
servants in attending them, bringing 
in pipes, for nearly all of the fair 
ones smoke, and dishes of dried 
water-melon seeds, with cups of 
savory tea. Few of them can read, 
so that their ideas are almost as 
narrow as the confines of their apart- 
ments. The practice of potygamy 
prevails among those who can afford 
it, but the first wife holds a position 
far above any of the subsequent ones. 

Among the poorer classes, many 
of these restrictions are removed. 
Their houses often contain but one 
or two rooms, but the separation of 
the sexes is as rigidly maintained as 
circumstances will permit. When a 
man receives calls from his most in- 
timate friends, his 'wife and daugh- 
ters never appear ; they may be be- 
hind the curtain listening but remain 
invisible. When a man invites his 
friends to dine with him he hires a 
room in some eating house, or en- 
gages a boat on the river, where the 
feast is spread. But such a thing as 
a party where ladies and gentlemen 
sit down together would shock their 
sense of propriety beyond recovery. 
Their absurdly strict and stilted rules 
of propriety breed an artificial 
prudery, deprive the men of what 
they most need — the refining influ- 
ence of good female societ}?- and pro- 
mote the very thing the} r are sup- 
posed to prevent. The whole system 
is based upon a low and utterly un- 
worthy estimate of woman. She is 
regarded as weak and erring and 
must be hedged in by such restric- 
tions lest she bring dishonor upon 
the family. The bare suggestion of 
such possibilities is an insult to true 
womanhood, and the very fact of 
such restrictions leads to an inquiry 
into their cause, and tends to awaken 
thoughts which should never be arous- 
ed. The crucial test of any religion 
or civilization is found in its estimate 
of or its treatment of woman, and 
judged by the standard with which 
we are familiar, China, both socially 
and religiousby, falls woefulty short 
of the mark. The custom of foot 
binding prevails throughout Canton 
as elsewhere. As soon as a child 
learns to walk firmly the bandages 
are applied and the little feet crush- 
ed into the smallest compass. The 
custom is of long standing and 
almost universal. Its cruelty, the 
state of helplessness to which it often 
reduces them, the disease it is liable 
to bring are not reasons strong 
enough to deter them. Yarious 
reasons are given to uphold it. Some 
admire it ; they say " Girls are like 
willows and should walk with a 
graceful swaying movement ; they 
are like flowers poised upon slender 
stems ; their mincing gait is a pass- 
prvt. of respectability." It is urged 

that no one of good family wishes to 
marry a girl with large feet, and if 
after marriage the size of her feet is 
suspicious, she becomes the laughing 
stock of her mother-in-law, and leads 
a sad, weary life. On the other hand 
small feet are supposed to secure a 
life of ease. The woman with large 
feet has to work and go out in all 
sorts of weather, while the one with 
" golden lilies " sits at ease or rides 
in her sedan chair. Parents are 
often covetous, and thinking that 
small feet are pleasing and command 
a high price in the matrimonial 
maket, make merchandise of their 
daughters. The evils of this prac- 
tice are so obvious that one wonders 
at its continuance. Besides the pain 
and deformity it renders them so 
helpless, and many who, in their 
striving for respectability or ambi- 
tious for high connections have 
bound their daughters' feet, have 
been sorely disappointed of their 
hopes, and the victims of their cru- 
elty have been condemned to a life 
of poverty and toil, the hardships of 
which are greatly increased by their 
helpless condition. I have seen 
many a poor ragged woman with the 
smallest of bound feet gathering 
brush wood for a living, and having 
to carry her burdens for miles. She 
would stagger and stumble painfully 
on account of her deformity. The 
custom however has such a hold 
that even the Emperor is powerless 
to abolish it, and absurd as it may 
seem, any persistant attempt on the 
part of the government to interfere 
with the practice would probably 
lead to rebellion. 

Slavery in various forms exists 
among the people of South China. 
A man has almost absolute control 
over his family and may under neces- 
sity sell any member of it. It some- 
times happens that a man in debt 
will mortgage himself and his pos- 
terity for several generations to his 

Oh that these people may be speedi- 
ly led into the liberty of the Gospel 
of Christ ! 

Home Teaching. 

Of all the ideas of education that 
prevail in the community there is 
none more general, or more perni- 
cious, than that which limits educa- 
tion to the school-room. Children 
learn indeed certain important things 
at school. But parents cannot too 
often be reminded of the truth that 
the great preponderance of the edu- 
cational forces which act upon a 
child is to be found outside of the 
school-room — in the street, the pla\^- 
ground, the nursery, and the home 
circle. Even that part of a child's 
mental and moral growth which 
comes from the school room depends 
largely for its quality and amount 

upon the moulding influences re- 
ceived elsewhere. School is at best 
only an assistant, it can never be a 
substitute, for home training. Pa- 
rents are by necessity educators. 
They can no more divest themselves 
of the office than the sun in heaven 
can divest himself of his influence 
upon animal and vegetable life, or 
the moon can make her circuits 
without affecting the tides. From 
the first smile of recognition that 
passes between the infant and its 
mother, down to the full companion- 
ship and communion of matured 
manhood and womanhood, a process 
of education is going on in the house- 
hold circle, and the leading factor in 
this work is what the parent does 
and is. The words', the actions, the 
opinions, the example of the parent, 
whatever the parent is or does, or 
fails to be and to do, operate on tlie 
mind and manners, the words and 
actions of the child with a silent, 
persistent, pervasive influence, like 
that of light or heat or other of the 
great agencies of nature. 

Teachers have much to answer 
for, and we are not disposed to spare 
their sins and short comings. But 
no little of the blame which is visit- 
ed upon the head of the teacher 
should rest elsewhere. A child is 
first educated at home to be deceit- 
ful, tricky, selfish, rude, and ungov- 
ernable, and then, at the proper age, 
is sent to school ; and if he does not 
come out a pattern of propriety, it is 
because the teacher does not under- 
stand his business! The child, 
while attending school, has no facil- 
ities -at home for learning his les- 
sons, is allowed whatever indYilgence 
he craves, instead of being helped 
over the hard places of his lessons 
hears flings' about the teacher or 
about the text-book, and finally when 
failure overtakes him, his want of 
success is generously put to the 
account of the teacher, who has 
shown no power of interesting his 
pupils and of filling them with en- 
thusiasm for their work ! 

If parents at home use ungraffi- 
matical expressions in the daily in- 
tercourse of the household, the chil- 
dren will do the same, no matter 
how many grammar rules to the 
contrary they may learn at school. 
If parents practice deceit in the 
presence of their children, the copy 
will be followed with ample varia- 
tions. If parents are in habit ot 
evil speaking against others, the 
children will do likewise. As truth 
lies at the basis of all moral worth, 
so home is the place of all others 
where this virtue is to be cultivated- 
Alas ! how blind parents usually 
on this point ! How many families 
are there in which the children leartt 
to lie with as much certainty as they 
learn to walk. Some parents seeo 1 

to think that during its very early 
years, the child is a mere plaything, 
like a kitten, or any other young 
animal ; and its irregularities of 
whatever kind are regarded as legit- 
imate sources of amusement. Many 
a man has a permanent defect in his 
articulation, because in childhood, 
when his organs of utterance were 
flexible and yielding, and his defects 
of speech might have been cured, 
his childish blunders Avere thought funny, and he was actually en- 
couraged to perpetuate them. 

Most children at first find a dif- 
ficulty in articulating certain classes 
of letters, particularly the sibilants 
and the aspirants. One cannot sound 
the s, and uses for it some other 
letter, as dop for sop, or drops it al- 
together, as " come to 'upper [-sup- 
per.]" Another says d for th, as 
"Take dis book,''' or perhaps calls it 
n, as " Give me ms apple." It is a 
refinement of cruelty to let these 
mistakes grow into a habit. The 
parent should treat such a case just 
as he would treat left-handedness. A 
comparatively small amount of pati- 
ence and perseverance, when the 
child first essays to talk, will enable 
him to overcome all these defects, 
and to call at will upon the precise 
organ and muscle needed for any 
particular sound. But the incorrect 
sounds seem funny, the}' make a 
laugh ; and the little one is actually 
brought forward before company to 
repeat the gabble, and receives what 
it considers applause for it as smart- 
ness, and so becomes conceited and 
vain of its very defects. If a child 
were born with one eye on the top of 
the head, and the other under the 
chin, or with the ears where the 
mouth ought to be, or with some in- 
ability to control the muscles of loco- 
motion, so that when he attempted 
to put a foot forward it was thrust 
out to the right, or when he attempt- 
ed to put his hand to his mouth, it 
Was shot straight up into the air, 
what would be thought of parents 
who should trot out such a child to 
show off his grotesqueries before 
company, instead of trying patiently 
to overcome the defects? — Selected. 

School Architecture. 

The necessity of the State taking 
charge of education has come to be 
Universally recognized in civilized 
Communities. Its growth in those 
things that tend to make it pro- 
gressive in the arts of civilization, 
being dependent on the training of 
its children, has made public educa- 
ion an important part of municipal 
nd State work. The planning and 
onstruction of school houses, there- 
ore, becomes one of the most import- 
nt matters that comes before the 
rchitect. No public building has 


more to do with the healthful growth 
of the community than does the 
school hou^e. Properly designed, 
heated and ventilated schools do 
much to secure happy, healthful and 
intelligent children, and thus secure 
to the State useful citizens. Recog- 
nizing; the great importance of the 
school as a factor of our civilization 
we have for some time past been 
gathering material for a special is- 
sue on school houses and their con- 
struction. To accumulate sufficient 
for a valuable issue on this import- 
ant subject has been a matter of no 
little time and trouble. We have 
found but few architects who have 
given the subject special attention. 
The reasons for this are quite ap- 
parent. The school is a spec- 
ial study. Its ' lighting, heating 
and ventilation require an entirely 
different treatment from that of 
private houses or ordinal public 
buildings, and then the greater pro- 
portion of the work in our large 
cities is delegated to special men in 
the employ of the school boards, and 
has not been open to the profession 
at large, a condition of affairs not 
altogether advantageous to either 
the profession or educational inter- 
ests. As a consequence school arch- 
itecture has fallen into ruts, and 
has neither attained the success, ar- 
tistically or practically, that the vast 
expenditures in this class of build- 
ings would seem to warrant. In the 
hope that we may be able to secure 
to this important branch of architec- 
tural design that attention that it 
merits, we have during the last few 
months been in correspondence with 
those architects who have given es- 
pecial attention to school house con- 
struction, as well as those educators 
who have devoted their best years to 
advancing this great interest, and 
have thus gathered together a large 
number of designs for model school 
buildings, ranging from the smallest 
district schools to large city schools 
and institutions, as well as important 
articles on ventilation, heating, sani- 
tation, construction and other mat- 
ters relating to this subject, so that 
we l'eel that w T e shall be able to pre- 
sent the most important issue ever 
offered by any architectural journal 
on the subject. 

[The above, from the Special 
School number of " Architecture and 
Building," will appear in the first 
number in October, and will be fifty 
cents a copy.] 

The Re-Union. 

The third annual re-union of the 
Maryland students of Lebanon Yal- 
ley College was held at Boonsboro, 
on July 24th, at 8 o'clock, in the U. 
B. Church. 

Very early in the morning the 


elements of nature seemed to vie with 
each other, and rain fell in copious 
showers till noon. For an hour the 
clouds seemed to break and Phoebus' 
rays were felt in a remarkable way. 
Then it rained till about 6 o'clock, 
when for an hour a clear sky made all 
feel that the evening would be most 
auspicious, but Jupiter Pluvius de- 
creed otherwise, and it stormed and 
rained almost like the equinoxial 

In consequence of the rain, all who 
were on the programme were not 
present. Those who braved the rain 
were greeted with a very good house. 

The following is the full 


Quartette, "Old Hundred." Bradbury 

Sunlight Quartette. 

Invocation Rev. A. M. Evers 

Vocal Solo "The Two Grenadiers, "Schumann 
Mr. S. J. Evers 

Address op Welcome, .Rev. C. W. Stinespring 

Salutatory, George D. Needy 

Vocal Solo, "In Old Madrid," Trotivere 

Miss Alice M. Evers 
Recitation, "Sister and I," Miss Anna Keedy 
Vocal Solo, "The Wreck of the Hesperus," 

Dr. C. D. Baker 
Oration, "A Plea for a Pure Ballot," 

S. J. Evers 

Vocal Duet, "The Minute Gun atSea," White 
Dr. Baker and Prof. John Keedy 
Oration, "Increased Culture, a Product 

of New Methods," Ed. E. Keedy 

"All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name," 


Prof. Deaner presided. The words 
of welcome were much appreciated, 
and were very hearty and commend- 
able to students and alumni of the 

Prof. Deaner gave the response 
in a speech of about twenty minutes. 
He first showed what education was, 
how it differs from an accumulation 
of facts, that it is from within out, 
not out, in, the developing of what a 
man has, hence the personal element, 
the self, is what makes one man 
superior to another. 

Mr. Evers was the only one who 
spoke who was to have spoken. He 
did unusually well, and his words 
were much appreciated. 

At the close of the exercises, by 
request, Prof. Deaner spoke ten min- 
utes upon the work of the College. 

The " Sunlight Quartette " was 
supplied by Messrs. Plook, Cyrus 
Hark and Graver, and Rev. Martin. 
They sang two selections so well 
that the audience felt no regrets in 
not hearing the quartette which was 
to have sung. 

The Solo by Miss Evers was ex- 
quisitely rendered. Miss Myrtie 
Baker accompanied. 

Miss Evers sang the " Two Gren- 
adiers " with good effect. 

Despite the very inclement weather 
and the absence of some of the per- 
formers, the re-union was a success. 
Those who were present were de- 
lighted and felt well repaid. 

There were about a dozen students 
and graduates present. To come 
from three to six miles through the 
rain shows that those who have been 
at L. Y. C. have lost none of their 



interest in and zeal for the College. 
There were also several of the trus- 
tees present. L. V. C. has man} r 
friends in Maryland, and especially 
in Washington and Frederick coun- 

The August Century* 

It is because ''The Anglomaniacs" 
presents a novel aspect of New York 
life with uncommon pith and wit 
that the third part, in the August 
number of The Century, will be 
probably that portion of the maga- 
zine to which most readers will first 
turn. " The Emancipation of Jo- 
seph Peloubet," by John Elliott 
Curran, introduces a Frenchman 
who turns his back in disgust on the 
Second Empire, starts a newspaper 
in New York, which advocates 
the emancipation of the slaves, and 
collapses, and who then returns to 
his trade of baking until the break- 
ing out of the war, when he enlists, 
and his ideals are realized and his 
life is sacrificed. 

Few readers will reach the end of 
the second paper "A Yankee in An- 
dersonville " without being pro- 
foundly touched by the pathos of 
his helpless journey to his home in 
Boston. Another article bearing 
briefly on the history of the war, is 
Miss S. E. Blackwell's statement in 
"Open Letters" of "The Case of 
Miss Carroll," whose claims for ser- 
vices to the Union are still uncon- 
sidered by Congress. 

In the tenth part of "The Autobi- 
ography of Joseph Jefferson," the 
comedian writes most entertainingly 
of John Brougham, Edwin Adams, 
Charles Fechter, George Holland, 
and of other favorites. Another il- 
lustrated feature of the number that 
is pervaded by an artistic personal- 
ity, is the fifth installment of John 
La Farge's "Letters from Japan." 
Mrs. Amelia Gere Mason's fourth 
paper on u The Women of the French 
Salons," treats more particularly of 
the salons of the Eighteenth Cen- 

John Muir contributes an import- 
ant paper on "The Treasures of the 

President Eliot of Harvard con- 
tributes "The Forgotten Millions," 
a study of the common American 
mode of life. 

Wonderful Progress. 

The progress of languages spoken 
by the different nations is said to be 
as follows : English, which at the 
commencement of the century was 
spoken by only twenty-two millions 
of people, is now spoken by one hun- 
dred millions. Russian is now spoken 
by sixty-eight millions, against thirty 
millions at the beginning of the cen- 
tury. In 1801 German was spoken 

by only thirty-five millions of people; 
to-day over seventy millions talk in 
the same language that William II. 
does. Spanish is now used by forty- 
four millions of people, against thirty 
millions in 1800; Italian by thirty- 
two millions, instead of eighteen mil- 
lions ; Portugese by thirteen mil- 
lions, instead of eight millions ; in- 
crease of three hundred and twelve 
per cent.; for Russian, one hundred 
and twenty per cent.; for German 
seventy per cent.; for Spanish, thirty- 
six per cent., etc. In the case of 
French, the increase has been from 
thirty-four millions to thirty -six mil- 
lions, or thirty-six per cent. 

Origin of Foolscap. 

Everybody knows what foolscap 
is. It is writingpaper of the dimen- 
tions of 16x13 inches. But it is 
doubtful whether ten in a hundred 
of those who use it can tell why it 
was so called. Oliver Cromwell 
vanquished Charles I. and was de- 
clared protector of England, a ruler 
something like the president of the 
United States. He caused the pic- 
ture of the cap of liberty to be 
stamped on the paper used by the 
government. After his death Charles 
II., son of Charles I., was restored 
to the throne in consequence of 
Cromwell's son being unfit to govern 
the country. One day he sent for 
paper to write on, and some of the 
government paper was brought to 
him. Looking at the stamp of the 
cap on it, he inquired the meaning 
of it, and when told, said in a con- 
temptuous tone : " Take it away, I'll 
have nothing to do with a fool's cap." 
Hence paper of the size above men- 
tioned was called foolscap. 


Young man, you may go up hill as 
fast as you please, but go down hill 

No matter how pious men are, the 
moment they place policy before 
principle they become incapable of 
doing right, and are transformed in- 
to the most odious tools of despotism. 

The character of a wise and good 
man consists of three things — to do 
himself what he tells others to do, to 
act on no occasion contrary to jus- 
tice, and to bear with the weakness 
of those about him. 

We can not expect a harvest of 
thought if we had not a seed time of 
character. He is the best gentleman 
who is the son of his own deserts and 
not the degenerated heir of another's 

Education begins the gentleman, 
but reading, good company and re- 
flection must finish him. 

Show The Forum to your friends. 

Willing to Shovel. 

To be willing to begin at the bot- 
tom is the open secret of being able 
to come out at the top. A few years 
ago a young man came to this coun- 
try to take a position in a new enter- 
prise in the southwest. He was 
well-bred, well-educated, and he had 
the tastes of ois birth and education. 
He reached the scene of his pro- 
posed labors, and found to his dis- 
may that the enterprise was already 
bankrupt, and that he was penniless, 
homeless, and friendless in a strange 
land. He worked his way back to 
New York, and in midwinter found 
himself without money or friends in 
the great, busy metropolis. He did 
not stop to measure the obstacles in 
his path. He simply set out to find 
work. He would have preferred the 
pen, but he was willing to take the 
shovel, and the shovel it was to be. 

Passing down Fourth Avenue on 
a snowy morning he found a crowd 
of men at work shoveling snow from 
the sidewalks about a well-known 
locality ; he applied for a position in 
their ranks, got it, and went to work 
with a hearty good-will as if shovel- 
ing were his vocation. Not long 
after, one of the owners of the prop- 
erty, a millionaire, passing along the 
street, saw the young man's face, 
was struck by his intelligence, and 
wondered what had brought him to 
such a pass. A day or two later his 
business took him to the same local- 
ity again, and brought him face to 
face with the same man, still shovel- 
ing snow. He stopped, spoke to 
him, received a prompt and courte- 
ous answer, talked a few minutes for 
the sake of getting a few facts about 
his history, and then asked the 
young man to call at his office. 
That night the shovel era ended, and 
the next day at the appointed time 
the young man was closeted with the 
millionaire. In one of the latter's 
many enterprises there was a vacant 
place, and the 3'oung man who was 
willing to shovel got it. It was a 
small place at a small salary, but he 
more than filled it; he filled it so 
well, indeed, that in a few months he 
was promoted, and at the end of 
three years he was at the head of the 
enterprise with a large salary. He is 
there to-day, with the certainty that 
if he lives he will eventually fill a posi- 
tion second in importance to none in 
the field in which he is working. The 
story is all told in three words : Wil- 
ling to shovel. — Christian Union. 

Our great thoughts, our great af- 
fections, the truths of our life, never 
leave us. Surely they can not sepa- 
rate from our consciousness, they 
shall follow it whithersoever it shall 
go, and they are of their nature di- 
vine and immortal. — Thackeray. 

(The <f ollcjc jfontm. 

Lebanon Valley College 


VOL. III. Nos. 9 and 10. ANNVILLE, PA., SEPT. AND OCT., 1890. Whole No. 33-34. 


|,Bbnj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
I clay Deanbu, A. M., Professor of Latin, 
ill. Gbrbeuich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
j.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Sbv.W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 

Iev. J. T. Spangler, A. B., 

Professor of Greek de Facto. 
Hiss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 

Kiss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Hiss Ella Moyeb, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

Good men are made out of good 
boys. The habits of early life are 
the habits of maturer life. The se- 
quence then is to put into force now 
those things which you wish to be 
found in your future life. Whatever 
you do, do it with an idea for future 
goodness, as found in manhood. 

have to do, the more we live and the 
better we live. To do well, we must 
prepare well. To have this prepara- 
tion, my dear young friends, Leba- 
non Yalley College says come, and I 
will develop your possibilities, if 
you will faithfully avail yourself of 
my advantages. 


H. Clay Deaner. 


All communications or items of news 
ihould he sent to tlie President. Subscrip- 
tions should he sent to the PuhUshing 

THE COLLEGE FOKUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
ive cents. Subscriptions received at any 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

totered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


Within the past month we have 
secured a number of new subscrib- 
ers and the renewal of old ones 
Can't our friends aid us ? If we 
*ould get only five from each charge, 
bow our list would be increased. 

It was very much regretted that 
President Bierman could not be in 
attendance at the Allegheny Confer- 
ence, because of packing his house- 
hold affairs preparatory to moving 
to Annville. His goods came on 
September 23. He is now nicely 
homed in the President's house. 

Rev. Jno. Graybill, "72, who has 
not visited the College since he grad- 
uated, conducted chapel services the 
last of September. After the ser- 
vices, he addressed the students upon 
" Unconscious Influence." The ad 
dress was well received by the stu- 
dents, and contained very excellent 

The bee secures the nectar by go- 
ing into the depths of the flower, and 
becoming full of pollen, and toils 
through the entire day. The aroma 
°f life is found only at the post of 
duty, doing hard, conscientious work 
P the day. 

The inauguration of President 
German will take place on October 
3 0th in the college chapel. The pro- 
lamine will be announced in the 
"Par future. It is hoped that all our 
ends will arrange to be with us at 
at time, as the exercises will be of 
ecial interest. 

It has been so frequently spoken 
that the lady students this term are 
so exceedingly ladylike and student- 
like, that it would be not more than 
justice to let Qur friends know what 
an excellent class of young ladies we 
have. They are all here for hard 
work, and they are showing that they 
can compete with their brothers. 

The prayer services on Tuesday 
evening are well attended. The new 
students say they have never at 
tended such good prayer services 
The Christian influence of Lebanon 
Valley College has not weakened 
but each year those influences are 
more extensively felt. The meetings 
are characterized by a feeling of 
sincerity and true piety. 

Living is doing. The more we 
do and the better we do what we 

Three classes in the Sunday- 
school of Trinity Church, Allegheny 
City, Pa., have each undertaken the 
support of a student in the India 
College at $25.00 per year. Their 
example calls forth our highest emu- 
lation. There are schools in our 
Church who could not do better 
than aid some worthy young lady or 
man in their own midst who are 
longing to be educated. 

Another victory as a vindication 
of the ability of women to master 
and even excel in studies that re- 
quire brain power and hard study, 
is in Miss Phillippa Fawcett of 
Cambridge University, who has out- 
stripped all the male competitors in 
mathematics. Our own college fur- 
nished examples which have come 
under our notice that woman is capa- 
ble .of doing as good and as much 
work as man. 

Our graduates not only compare 
favorably with those of older insti- 
tutions, but are making a. record that 
older instutions could well boast of. 
All are busily engaged, and meeting 
with very good success. There has 
been a demand for them which could 
not be supplied. Positions were 
seeking for them rather than they 
the positions. One reason given 
was that they were men and women 
who were not afraid of work, but 
showed such a zeal and determina- 
tion which was strengthened by an 
active Christian life, that is rarely 



The President gave a very inter- 
esting talk to the students on his re- 
turn from Philadelphia, taking for 
his theme the word "climb." After 
showing that efficiency and thorough- 
ness in any work can only be accom- 
plished by climbing, he divided his 
subject into five heads : They were 
to climb continuously, legally (with- 
out keys, ponies or helps), inquir- 
ingly, modestly and bravely. The 
illustrations were very pointed. 

Prop. Bowman during his connec- 
tion with the college has won for 
himself many friends both in the 
town and the college who hear with 
regret his engaging in business. His 
service of eight years entitles him 
to a place among the educators of 
the church. His entering upon his 
present work was chiefly from a fi- 
nancial consideration. He is still in 
hearty sympathy with the college. 
His work is in Norristown. He 
continues to reside in Annville. 

On the walls of Andrew Carnegie's 
library is this inscription : 

He that can not think is a fool. 

He that will not is a bigot. 

He that dare not is a slave. 
What the world needs in our 
young men is more ability, not to 
talk, because mere talk is a drug on 
the market, but to think, and a will 
to think, and a courage to think. 
Talk which comes from men who 
have the ability to think, the will to 
think and the courage to think, will 
be heard. They will be living forces, 
not mere numbers or nonentities. 

The Department of Natural Sci- 
ences, which for the past eight years 
was filled by Prof. Bowman, is now 
filled by Prof. A. H. Gerberich, class 
'87. Prof. Gerberich comes to his 
work here with two years' experi- 
ence in teaching, having been princi- 
pal of Pottsgrove Academy. His 
work there was of such a character 
that he won the highest respect of 
its managers and patrons. His suc- 
cess there is a sufficient guarantee 
that he will meet with success in his 
present position. He is very enthu- 
siastic, and has taken hold of his 
work in earnest. His earnestness 
has already given an inspiration to 
his students. 

The personnel of the faculty for 
the present year is greatly changed. | 

Profs. Deaner and Lehman and Miss 
Sheldon are the only instructors of 
last year who are now members of 
the faculty. In consequence of this 
change in the personnel, and the 
opening duties of the term, it was 
thought best to publish the Septem- 
ber and October numbers in a single 
issue of sixteen pages. The work has 
been so arranged that in the future 
the Forum will be issued the first 
week of the month. It has always 
been a matter of great regret that 
there has been no regular date of is- 
sue. The new management hopes 
to make the Forum more interesting 
and newsy. 

When the Continental Congress 
hesitated about making the Declara- 
tion of Independence all hearts 
seemed to be faint but Samuel 
Adams, who said : " If it were re- 
vealed to me by an angel in heaven 
that nine hundred and ninety-nine 
out of every thousand of us must 
perish in this struggle, still, I should 
unhesitatingly say to go forward. 
One freedman will possess more vir- 
tue and enjoy more happiness than 
a thousand slaves." The nation 
owes a debt to the christian colleges 
for not only such men as Samuel 
Adams, but for the hundreds who 
secured our national liberty, and 
who are benefactors of the human 
race and done so much towards the 
industrial development of our coun- 

The schools of North and South 
Annville have adopted a course of 
study which will occupy ten years. 
It will secure more satisfactory 
work, and results will be more 
marked, while it will remove the un- 
pleasantness resulting from the 
parents' ideas of promotion. This 
advance in school work and effi- 
ciency in methods is due to Prof. 
Snoke, who is very ambitious to im- 
prove the schools. The meeting of 
the teachers to discuss improved 
methods can not fail to bring about 
a new era in school work. There 
could be no better advance and in- 
centive to more throrough work 
than an increase of salary. In no 
profession is the laborer more 
worthy of his hire than is the teacher 
of the young. With better salaries 
and a longer school term, we will 

hold our best teachers, and teach- 
ing will be made a profession and 
not a stepping stone to something 
else. It his hoped that our directors 
will be wise and make the most out 
of their opportunities. 

Where shall I send my children? 
To Lebanon Yalley College. Why 
there in preference to other schools? 
It is the college of our church in the 
East. The course of study is very 
thorough and the college offers su- 
perior advantages. The class work 
is conducted in such a way as to 
call forth the thinking energies of 
the mind, and to quicken the per- 
ceptions. Students are taught to be 
something and to do something. 
The manhood and womanhood are 
developed and rounded into perfect 
symmetry and into harmony of char- 
acter. Young man, young woman, 
fail not to remember that "in to-day 
already walks to-morrow." Don't 
delay to put your talent to usury, 
for you may be called to render an 
account of your stewardship, and 
you will only have your talent. 
How sad to waste golden opportu- 

There are scores of young people 
who would be in college if they only 
had some one to advise them. Pas- 
tors, will you not urge the young 
upon your work to come to L. Y. C. 
If your duties are too arduous, send 
us word and we will visit them. 

Good Counsel for Students. 

Attend carefully to every detail of 
your work. 

There is failure often because the 
little things were neglected. Un- 
faithful in small things, you will not 
be promoted to the charge of great 

Be prompt in all things. When 
Washington reproved a servant for 
being late, which nearly caused the 
loss of an important engagement, the 
servant tried to excuse himself by 
putting the blame upon his watch. 
Washington replied by telling the 
servant he must either get a ne^ 
watch, or he a new servant. Noth- 
ing wins confidence and respect a s 
does promptness. If you are not 
prompt in school work, you will not 
be prompt in the work of life. 

Consider well and decide positive- 
ly, then act. Indecision is a sign of 
weakness. Vacillating people mak e 
a success of nothing. There is ' A 
need of men with settled purposes. 
If you will help to supply that need 
you must be decided, and not a roll- 



ing stone. Positive men are felt in 
the world. 

Dare to do right ; fear to do 
wrong. Shakespeare expresses the 
idea when he sa} T s : 

"I dare do all that may become a man : 
Who dare do more is none." 

Endure your difficulties patienthy- 
They are real blessings. They give 
you strength and power. Without 
mem you would become sickly and 
feeble. Fight life's battles bravely, 
manfully. Palma non sine pulvere — 
the palm is not without dust, is as 
true to-day as in the time of the 
Olympic games. Don't be afraid to 
soil the hand. Honest toil is hon- 
orable, manly. Ponies are for chil- 
dren to ride and drive. Gro not into 
the society of the idle and the vici- 
ous. If you make such your confi- 
dants, your companions, you will 
soon be like them. Hold your 
moral integrity sacred. Your all 
depends upon it. Lose it and you have 
lost the immortal part of yourself. 

Injure not another's reputation. Be 
magnanimous. Sho lid a fellow-stu- 
dent excel you, wish him well. "Act 
your part well, there all the honor 
lies." Join hands only with the vir- 
tuous. When a man is seeking a 
prominent position it is at once asked 
"what is he worth," not "what does 
he know." Character is the most 
important capital in any and every 
business. Knowledge and culture 
are most necessary accessions. Keep 
your mind from evil thoughts. The 
thought is always father of the deed. 
Swearing is profane thought. Sen- 
suality is unchaste desire. Murder is 
causeless anger. Live for a purpose. 
"He lives most who thinks most, 
feels the noblest and acts the best." 
Make the most of your environments, 
for happy is he who "finds tongues 
in trees, books in the running brooks, 
lessons in stones and good in every 

Never fry to appear what you 
We not. The fate of the jackdaw and 
that of the ass in the lion's skin may 
be yours. Observe that a man of 
genius never seeks applause. The 
smaller the mind the greater the 
conceit. Pay your honest debts 
Promptly. Those to God first. Many 
a young man is refused a position 
for which otherwise he would be well 
qualified. Your debts of gratitude 
4 nd kindness are as important as 
I those of money. 
Question not the veracity of friends. 
Respect the counsels of your pa- 
tents. They only are wise, who obey 
their parents. Sacrifice opinions 
tothcr than principles, money, rather 
than truth, friends, rather than char- 

I Touch not, taste not, handle 
*ot intoxicants. " Defer not till to- 
morrow to be wise, to-morrow's sun 
to thee may never rise." Use your 

leisure for improvement, then you 
will never regret misspent opportu- 

Venture not on the threshold 
of sin. Ventures have caused mis- 
ery, degradation and ruin. 

Watch carefully over your pas- 
sions. They will either control you, 
or you them. 

Young friends, remember that 
" habit " is hard to overcome. If 3'ou 
take off the first letter, it does not 
change " a bit." If you take off 
another, you still have a " bit " left. 
If you take off still another, the whole 
of "it" remains. If you take off 
another it is not " t " totally used up. 

All of which goes to show that if 
you wish to be rid of a " habit," you 
must throw it off altogether. 

The Practical Value of a College 

In these utilitarian days we hear 
a great deal said about practical edu- 
cation, practical methods, and prac- 
tical studies. It is quite common 
for men to claim that no time should 
be given to any branch of study that 
does not have a direct bearing on the 
means of obtaining a livelihood and 
the art of accumulating dollars and 
cents. This class of people is usual- 
ly satisfied with the training given in 
our common schools, and give little 
or no encouragement to those who 
seek to obtain that which is known 
as the higher or more advanced cul- 
ture. They frequently sneer at col- 
leges and those who seek to avail 
themselves of the advantages of clas- 
sical study ; and it is not unusual to 
hear the expression "If you want to 
make a fool of a boy, send him to 

Such expressions as those referred 
to above all arise from a mistaken 
view of education and from a lack of 
knowledge of the actual results which 
alwaj^s follow a proper application 
of its principles. Education does 
not consist in the obtaining of a so- 
called base principles, upon which 
are founded miscalled practical rules 
for the rapid summing up of ledger 
columns or the computation of per 
cents. No 1 it has a broader, deeper 
meaning. It means the develop- 
ment and discipline of the whole man 
— the giving to the mind that grasp 
of thought and breadth of view which 
will enable it to control circumstances, 
and instead of becoming their crea- 
ture, make them bow to its decrees 
and yield to its direction. From 
the very necessities of the case this 
kind of culture can not be given in 
our common schools. They do well 
when they succeed in laying firm 
and strong a good foundation. 
The grand superstructure that is to 
rise into view is seen of all men, and 
constitutes the real, effective charac- 

ter of the man, and must be built 
somewhere else and is nowhere else 
so effectively and surely done as at 
our higher institutions of learning. 
"It is true enough that the value of 
culture can not be told in statistical 
tables " Some facts have been gath- 
ered, however, and some compari- 
sons instituted, which clearly prove 
the great value of college-training to 
individuals and to the people in gen- 
eral, even in this country, where na- 
tive force has alwaj^s counted and 
does now count for more than in any 
other. As to its value to individuals, 
it is quite common for thoughless 
people to conclude, if they see a man 
who has received a college-diploma 
engaged in the ordinary occupations 
of life, especially if he does nothing 
brilliant or lacks a little of the pros- 
perity which blesses his neighbors, 
to point to him as an evidence of the 
folly of parents who send their boys 
to college. There may be eleven 
other men in the same vicinity who 
have shared his advantages, and 
whose culture makes them wise coun- 
selors of their neighbors and the real 
though unobserved strength of their 
neighborhoods, but they are all for- 
gotten and the value of higher cul- 
ture estimated entirely from the only 
one of the dozen, who, seemingly, or 
in reality, makes a failure in life. 

People who judge thus hostilely, 
looking upon Grrant with his wagon- 
whip under his arm, on the streets 
of St. Louis, hunting for a buyer of 
his load of wood, or in his leather- 
store in Galena, would have said, 
'• Behold the folly of wasting thou- 
sands of dollars upon that institution 
at West Point." 

But, speaking from a practical bus- 
iness-point of view, cellege-students 
are not failures as a general thing. 
On the contrary, their superior cul- 
ture gives them broader and more 
comprehensive views of the laws of 
trade, and leads to a success which, 
though it may not be as brilliant as 
that once in a while achieved by 
others, is for this very reason all the 
more solid and enduring. 

There was a notable gathering in 
Lander's Theatre, Cambridge. The 
correspondent of the London Trib- 
une spoke of it as follows: 

" I never saw such an audience. 
There sat fifteen hundred men of an 
intellectual eminence that might be 
matched elsewhere, but perhaps never 
has been. Every one save one on 
the platform was a Harvard graduate, 
and Harvard had set her stamp on 
their fine faces. Nobody who looked 
into them would ever again scoff at 
culture. They are men who have 
succeeded in life and whose lives are 
so many ornaments to the commu- 

Here is a practical demonstration 
of the value of college-training to in- 



dividuals. Along with this, although 
it hears largely upon the other di- 
vision of our subject, the practical val- 
ue of college-training to the people 
at large or the nation, it may be well 
to quote the following forcible pas- 
sage written by the president of 
Harvard a few years ago : " We 
Americans are so used to weighing 
multitudes and being ruled by ma- 
jorities that we are apt to underrate 
the potential influence of individuals. 
Yet we know that Agassiz's word 
about a fossil fish justly outweighed 
the opinion of the whole human race 
besides ; that Yon Moltke is worth 
great armies to Germany; that a few 
pages of poetry about slavery and free- 
dom b} r Longfellow, Lowell and Whit- 
tier have had the profoundest effect 
upon the public fortunes of this coun- 
try during the past thirty years; that 
the religions of the world have not 
been the combined work of multi- 
tudes, but have been accepted from in- 
dividuals. We must not be led by 
our averages and our majorities to 
forget that one life may be more pre- 
cious than other millions ; that one 
heroic character, one splendid genius, 
may well be worth more to humanity 
than multitudes of common men." — 
Westfield Palladium. 

Only a Leaf. 

Only a little leaf as it comes silently 
and slowly down. It comes very 
slowly as if it fain would linger to 
spend some of those happy hours 
over again. It remembers distinctly 
how first it awoke one beautiful 
spring morning and found, that 
everything seenled very lovely. How 
sweet the air was and the breath of 
the flowers nestled far below it. The 
birds were pouring forth their sweet 
songs as if they too were glad for the 
return of spring. Spring merged 
into summer. All through the long- 
days and nights it hung swinging to 
and fro at every breath of the wind, 
glad to see the first faint gleam of 
light in the horizen and rejoicing 
when night returned to refresh it 
with cooling dew and at length soothe 
it into a gentle slumber. But summer 
has now passed. The leaf with its 
sisters has changed its green 
robes for brighter ones. It sees 
many of its companions leaving it 
day by day, and at last the wind 
takes it too and deposits it in a little 
nook at the foot of the old oak, and 
although it experiences a feeling of 
sadness and loneliness, at being 
thus ruthlessly torn away from its 
companions, yet it is content to 
think that it has fulfilled its mission, 
to know that through all its life it 
has been faithful even unto the end. 
But now it is snatched by the wind 
and rudely carried from the little 
nook in which it lies. We see it 
for a moment as it is whirled round 

and round above our heads by the 
relentless wind and then carried out 
of sight and lost to us forever. " We 
all do fade as a leaf." Once on a 
fair autumn day one, whose years 
were three score and ten, was called 
to his final rest. And though sorrow 
was in every heart, yet he had done 
his work faithfully, and all knew he 
should receive his reward. Again," 
on one of the dreamiest of summer 
days, a little life takes its flight to 
Him who gave it. But all the pray- 
ers and pleadings are in vain. And 
nearer and nearer she approached 
death's dark door and is carried to 
the heaventy shore. But unlike the 
leaf which quickly decays and is no 
more, we know that although we too 
must fade away, we may look for- 
ward to a happy reunion with those 
gone before us. Only a leaf, only a 
leaf, but as one after another each 
little leaf is lost to sight, we may 
wonder whether we can leave our 
home here on earth, knowing we 
have done our duty as faithfully as 
the leaf. Only a leaf, only a leaf. 
But it has lived its little life well. 
And should not man who has so 
much longer time try to follow its 
example ? 

" We all do fade as a leaf. But in 
the land of the leal, in the fadeless 
springtime of eternity', we shall blos- 
som as the rose, forever." 

Ingersoll on Intemperance. 

Intemperance cuts down youth in 
its vigor, manhood in its strength, 
and age in its weakness. It breaks 
the father's heart, bereaves the doting 
mother, extinguishes natural affec- 
tions, erases conjugal love, blots out 
filial attachment, blights parental 
hope, and brings down mourning age 
in sorrow to the grave. It produces 
weakness, not strength; sickness, 
not health ; death, not life. It makes 
wives widows, children orphans, 
fathers fiends, and all of them pau- 
pers and beggars. It feeds rheuma- 
tism, nurses gout, welcomes epidem- 
ics, invites cholera, imports pesti- 
lence and embraces consumption. 
It tills your jails and supplies your 
almshouses and demands your asy- 
lums. It engenders controversies, 
fosters quarrels and cherishes riot. 
It covers the land with misery and 
crime. It crowds your penitentia- 
ries and furnishes victims to your 
scaffolds. It is the lifeblood of the 
gambler, the elements of the burglar, 
the prop of the highwayman and the 
support of the midnight incendiary. 
It countenances the liar, respects the 
thief, esteems the blasphemer. It 
violates obligations, loves fraud, 
scorns virtue and honors infamy. 
It defames benevolence, hates love, 
and slanders innocence. It incites 
the father to deliberately butcher his 

helpless offspring, helps the husband 
to massacre his wife, and the child 
to grind the parricidal axe. It 
burns up men, consumes women, de- 
tests life, curses God and despises 
heaven. It suborns witnesses, nurses 
perjury, defiles the jury box and 
stains the judicial ermine. It de- 
grades the citizen, debases the legis- 
lator, dishonors statesmen and dis- 
arms the patriot. It brings shame, 
not honor; terror, not safety; de- 
spair, not hope ; misery, not happi- 
ness ; and, with the malevolence of a 
fiend, it calmly surveys its frightful 
desolation ; and unsatisfied with its 
havoc, it poisons felicity, kills peace, 
ruins morals, blights confidence, 
slays reputation and wipes out 
national honor, then curses the world 
and laughs at its ruin. It does all 
that and more — it murders the soul. 
It is the son of villainies, the father 
of all crimes, the mother of abomina- 
tions, the Devil's best friend, and 
God's worst enemy. 

And So Forth. 

This is truly an age of wonders. 
Every year brings forth some won- 
derful as well as useful inventions. 
But the most wonderful of the nine- 
teenth century and that which by far 
surpasses all others is, And so Forth. 
What it is I cannot imagine and all 
my efforts to discover just what it is 
have been in vain. I hear it in 
every connection. One time it is 
announced " Lectures given by Mr. 
C, Prof. D., And so Forth:' Of 
course, I was all impatience for the 
evening to arrive on which the lec- 
tures were to be given. But after 
listening patiently for several hours 
to some dry speeches and thinking 
the next to speak would be Mr. And 
so Forth to my great astonishment 
the meeting closed without even an 
apology for his absence. If you in- 
quire who was at the entertainment 
given at the Hall, the answer will be, 
Mrs. K. of L., Prof. S. of M., Miss 
C, And so Forth. You think now 
you know all about it. You suppose 
this And so Forth is some distin- 
guished man. But to your surprise 
shortly afterward you find that it 
forms a "part of the vegetable king- 
dom, such as trees, plants, shrubs, 
And so Forth. You will find it at 
every step 3 t ou take as you climb tbe 
" hill of science." It stands at the 
end of that sentence seemingly to 
guard it from all injuries. In Geog- 
raphy, Grammar, History, Arith- 
metic and Philosophy, in the descrip- 
tion of the known and unknown 
quantities of Algebra, and in all the 
designs and developments of Theol- 
ogy, And So Forth makes it appear- 
ance. In reading the other day nay 
eye fell upon the following : 

" The art of book canvassing by » n 



old hand. This little work contains 
practical hints for old cavassers and 
instruction for beginners, ' And so 
Forth.'' ' $250 a month. Agents 
wanted everywhere, business honor- 
able, And so Forth.'' " 

Doubtless there are many excellent 
scholars in this institution. I wonder 
whether they perhaps could not ex- 
plain the mysterious And so Forth. 
We see it at the end of almost all 
advertisements, the end of the alpha- 
bet, and the end of this. 

And So Forth. 

Signal Service Station at L. V. C. 

There is perhaps no branch of any 
department of the National Govern- 
ment that promises greater results in 
the future than that of the United 
States Signal Service. Although 
still in its infancy, it has already ac- 
complished the most beneficial re- 
sults, and those results are but the 
foretaste of greater success that will 
obtain in the future. The idea of 
informing others concerning certain 
events is as old as creation. Differ- 
ent people in different countries and 
at different times have made use of 
signals, however crude, in order that 
important events might be made 
nown to the inhabitants of their 
espective countries. The adoption 
f a regular system of signals un- 
oubtedly originated in connection 
ith the military movements of dif- 
ferent nations. The smoke arising 
from the different hill tops by clay, 
and the illuminating fires by night, 
announced to the citizens of a coun- 
ry that hostile armies had crossed 
heir borders, and that duty called 
pon them to unite for the common 
efence. When the campaign was 
nded and the enemy defeated, the 
bursting forth anew of the signal 
■fires announced that victory had 
perched upon their standards, and 
that foreign invasion was at an end. 
With a higher civilization, a more 
perfected method of signaling has 
"been established. N ot only have the 
illuminations indicated victory or 
danger, but regular messages have 
been sent for miles, and cipher dis- 
patches have been transmitted along 
the entire front during the heat of 
battle. But war is no longer the oc- 
cupation of nations, and the arts of 
peace receive the greatest attention 
of all people. That government which 
provides for the highest prosperity 
and greatest good of its subjects, is 
Jthe one most in harmony with the 
civilization of the nineteenth century. 
[For the purpose of increasing the 
^prosperity of, especially the agricul- 
tural people, and to provide against 
| losses occasioned by sudden changes 
in temperature, the United States 
Government several years ago estab- 
lished the Signal Service Office 


under control of the War Depart- 
ment. The work of this office con- 
sists in establishing various signal 
stations throughout the United 
States, and even the Canadian Gov- 
ernment has connected its system 
with our own. Officers are appoint- 
ed to those various stations, and 
their duties vary with the importance 
of the station to which they are at- 
tached. Those appointed to the 
most important stations are (aside 
from the duties devolving on minor 
officers), required to observe the 
temperature, the direction and veloci- 
ty of the wind, and the condition of 
the barometer at certain hours of the 
day, telegraph the result of their ob- 
servations to the Signal Office at 
Washington, and keep a record of 
their investigations from time to 
time. The minor officers are requir- 
ed to keep a monthly record of the 
temperature and condition of the 
atmosphere, the observation of the 
temperature usually being made at 
8 P. M., transmit the monthly report 
to the officer of the chief station for 
that section, and display the differ- 
ent flags daily. The flags displayed 
are four in number. The white flag 
indicating fair weather, the blue in- 
dicating rain; the triangular black 
flag indicating the temperature, when 
above black or white, signifies 
warmer, when below, cooler weather, 
and the cold wave flag. The last 
mentioned is a white flag with a 
square black centre, and is displayed 
forty-eight hours before the cold 
wave arrives. Those different flags 
are now displayed throughout the 
entire country; almost every county 
can boast of a station, while some 
counties have a dozen. Efforts are 
now being made to have the display 
station so arranged that every com- 
munity will have the opportunity of 
observing the signals and of receiv- 
ing due warning on the approach of 
a cold wave. On September 16, Prof. 
A. H. Gerberich, of the Natural 
Science Department, was appoint- 
ed displayman for this part of the 
Lebanon Valley. The telegrams 
are sent at the expense of the Gov- 
ernment every morning, and the flags 
are displayed on receipt of the tele- 
gram. The students of Lebanon 
Valley College, and the citizens of 
Annville, are taking an active inter- 
est in the work at this place, and the 
station, it is expected, will be per- 
manently established. 

The Glory of the Great Republic. 

There are some eloquent figures 
which cannot be repeated too often 
and which men are too apt to forget. 
The fashion in which this great land 
has paid its debts, while others have 
increased theirs, is one of them. 
Here are the figures for a quarter of 

a century, a mere span in the life of 
nations and the life of national 
debts : 


Aug. 31,1865.82,755,995,275 $151,832,051 

March 4, 1869. $2.525, 463,250 $126,389,550 
" 1877. 2,088,781,142 94,408,645 
1881. 1,879,950,497 76,745,037 
1885. 1,405,934,350 47,013,959 
" 1889. 865,106,020 41,000,000 
1890. 765,273,750 36,000,000 

Reduction. ...$1,990,721,750 $125,832,051 

While we have done this, Europe, 
with about five times our popula- 
tion, about four times our wealth, 
and not twice our natural resources, 
has added to its national debts in the 
last 20 years $8,200,000,000, or over 
thrice our total original debt, and the 
interest charged to-day is thirty fold 
our own. In 1865, when our figures 
began, Europe owed $15,000,000,000. 
It owes to-dav over $23,000,000,000, 
it pays $1,068,000,000 a year inter- 
est, and is loaded besides with $881,- 
000,000 for military, war and naval 
expenditures, including pensions 
where our own are $130,000,000. 
This is the lesson of liberty ; these 
are the fruits of freedom, and the 
Great Republic, without debt, with- 
out army, or navy, goes on in the 
race of prosperity and industrial 
supremacy, distancing these heavily 
loaded competitors. — Phila. Press. 

What is Life? 

On the evening of September 4th, 
the Rev. Ezekiel Light, of Dayton, 
Ohio, delivered his popular lecture 
on " What is Life?' 1 before the' 
students and friends of the College 
in the College Chapel. The lecturer 
introduced his subject by giving 
very fully the so-called scientist's 
theory of life elaborating the same 
bv various illustrations and argu- 
ments (?) and thus following a pro- 
cess of reasoning somewhat enter- 
taining to the hearer, but when the 
conclusion was apparently reached 
the audience was suddenly surprised 
by the unexpected and emphatic 
declaration by the lecturer that this 
" would-be theory of life is all false," 
and then began in elegant and forci- 
ble language to unfold its sophistry 
and expose its weakness, and follow- 
ed it with an eloquent and unan- 
swerable argument against agnosti- 
cism and all forms of infidelity, and 
in defense of the Bible and the 
Christian doctrine of the genesis of 
life. The lecture is a meritorious 
one, has been delivered before the 
faculty and students of Otterbein 
University and Union Biblical Semi- 
nary, and the thinkers in all our 
churches and schools want to hear 
it, and will be delighted and instruct- 
ed by it. 



The Opening. 

Our Fall Term opened on Septem- 
ber 1st, at 3 p. m. After the devo- 
tional exercises, President Bierman 
welcomed both old and new students. 
He told the students that he comes 
to his work at the call of the Board 
of Trustees and not by his own seek- 
ing the position. The work here is 
not a new work, one with which he 
was unacquainted, for he spent thir- 
teen years as a Professor in the Col- 
lege, and helped to build the College. 
During the years intervening, he had 
a deep interest in the College, in its 
growth and success, and rejoiced 
with 3'ou all that so much has been 
accomplished. He noticed every- 
where improvements. By working 
in harmony, both Professors and stu- 
dents, grand results will be achiev- 
ed. There is nothing to discourage 
us, but much to encourage. I prom- 
ise you a pleasant and profitable year. 

Committees were announced, and 
the organization was effected. Tues- 
day morning, after Chapel services, 
the President's remarks were chiefly 
on the work of the term and the 
students' relation to the College. 
Suggestions were given how the most 
might be made out of the opportuni- 
ties the College afforded. The new 
members of the Faculty — Professors 
Spangler and Gerberich, and Misses 
Moyer and Eby — took right hold of 
their work, and everything moved 
off pleasantly. By Wednesday the 
schedule of work was running on 
full time. The attendance at this 
time is seventy-five, only fifteen be- 
low last year's. We think this is 
.very good, especially so, since the 
College was without a president 
during nearly the whole vacation. 
The College classes are as large as 
last year. The deficit is in the Pre- 
paratory Department. We never 
had a nicer and more studious class 
of students. All are doing good 
work. The Ladies' Hall is fuller 
than last year. A number of stu- 
dents are } T et expected. 

Bible Study. 

We are glad to notice the increas- 
ed interest in Bible study among our 
students. A number of Bible Train- 
ing classes have recently been form- 
ed among the members of our Chris- 
tian Associations, and we would 
urge upon every Christian lady and 
gentleman the importance of this 

To an active Christian a definite 
knowledge of the word of God is 
indispensable. It is his chief weapon 
in the conflict with sin. How im- 
portant then that he should be skill 
ed in handling that weapon. In the 
multitude of duties which crowd 
upon the College student it is so 
easy to neglect Bible study, as out- 

side the daily duties of student life. 
Time enough for that. When? Amid 
the active duties of life will time be 
less precious ? Shall we begrudge a 
few hours spent each week in acquir- 
ing that which is food to our spirit- 
ual bodies and without which we 
may be only indifferent workers in 
Christ's vineyard. 

We believe that Christian who 
leaves College without a fair work- 
ing knowledge of the scriptures, is 
only partially equipped for life and 
will fall short of the fulfillment of 
his mission. But what is the Bible 
Training Class, some one may ask, 
who has never had the privilege of 
belonging to one ? It is a class 
organized for systematic Bible study. 
Six is a good number, certainly not 
more than eight, to be effective. The 
individual members pledge them- 
selves to give a certain portion of 
time every day to the study of God's 
word, and further to attend the 
weekly meetings of the class when in 
their power. Various outlines of 
Bible study have been prepared by 
Christian Association Workers. 
These are very helpful and are in 
general use. The Bible classes are 
one of the fruits of the Christian 
Association, and as the Christian 
Association has become a part of the 
Christian College, so we may expect 
Bible study to become more and 
more a part of the Christian stu- 
dent's duties. 

Bread Upon the Waters. 

The Danish Government has con- 
tributed 8,000 crowns (nearly $2,- 
200) toward building a Danish 
church in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Miss EmilieVon Knorring, on her 
60th birthday, gave 5,000 crowns to 
the hospital at Vesteras, as a thank- 

The Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, of Patterson, N. J., has re- 
served $13,500 by the late Mrs. Ann 

From the estate of Mrs. Francis 
Brownell Holland, of Hartford, 
Conn., Trinity College, of that city, 
receives $50.000 ; the Cathedral 
Church, of St. John, the Divine of 
New York, $100,000, and the Mis- 
sionary Society of the Episcopal 
Church in Connecticut, $10,000. 

By the will of D. M. Weston, 
$30,000 is bequeathed to the Girls' 
Seminary at Northfield, and $50,000 
to Mr. Moody personally, which he is 
thought to put into school buildings. 

By the will of Bridget Mulholland, 
$3,000 is given to charity. 

In the will of the late Ann T. 
Martin, of West Chester, the follow- 
ing bequests are made : $2000 to the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 
delphia $3000 to the free fund of 
the Pennsylvania Training School 
for Feeble-Minded Children, at 

Elwyn ; $200 to the Trust and Relief 
Association, of West Chester. 

The Emperor of German v gave 
$17,000 to the building fund of a 
new church in the suburb of Frie- 
denan, at Berlin. 

John D. Rockefeller has recently 
given $1,000,000 to Chicago Univer- 

Sitj ' . 

Best Things. 

The best philosophy — a contented 
mind. The best law — the golden 
rule. The best education — self- 
knowledge. The best statesmanship 
— self government. The best med- 
icine — cheerfulness and temperance. 
The best art — painting a smile upon 
the brow of childhood. The best 
science — extracting sunshine from a 
cloudy clay. The best war — to war 
against one's weakness. The best 
music — the laughter of an innocent 
child. The best journalism — print- 
ing the truth and the beautiful only, 
on memory's tablet. The best tel- 
egraphing — flashing a ray of sun- 
shine into a gloomy heart. The best 
biography — the life which writes 
characters in the largest letters. The 
best mathematics — that which dou- 
bles the most joys and divides the 
most sorrows. The best navigation 
— steering clear of the lacerating 
rocks of personal contention. The 
best diplomacy — effecting a treaty of 
peace with one's own conscience. 
The best engineering — building a 
bridge of love over the river of death. 

Seven Ways of Giving. 

1. The Careless Way. — To give 
something to every cause that is 
presented, without inquiring into 
its merits. 

2. The Impulsive Way. — To give 
from impulse, as much and as often 
as love and pity and sensibility 

3. The Lazy Way. — To make a 
special effort to earn money for 
benevolent objects by fairs, festivals, 

4. The Self-Denying Way. — To 
save the cost of luxuries and apply 
them to purposes of religion and 
charity. This may lead to asceti- 
cism and self-complaisance. 

5. The Systematic Way. — To lay 
aside as an offering to God a definite 
portion of our gains — one-tenth, one- 
fifth, one-third or one-half. This is 
adapted to all, whether poor or rich, 
and the gifts would be greatly in- 
creased if it were generallv practiced. 

6. The Equal Way.— To give to 
God and the needy just as much as 
we spend on ourselves. 

1. The Heroic Way.— To limit our 
expenditures to a certain sum, and 
give away all the rest of our income. 
This was John Wesley's way. — Th& 
Silver Trumpet. 




























The Trinity. 

I. Sunlight, the rainbow and the 
heat of sunlight, are one solar radi- 

II. Each has a peculiarity incom- 
municable to the others. 

III. Neither is full solar radiance 
without the others. 

IV. Each with the others is such 
solar radiance. 

Sunlight, rainbow, heat, one solar 
radiance; Father, Son, Holy Ghost, 
one God! 

I. As the rainbow shows what 
light is when unfolded, so Christ re- 
veals the nature of God. 

II. As all of the rainbow is sun- 
light, so all of Christ's divine soul is 
God ! 

III. As the rainbow when the 
light was, or from eternity, so Christ 
was when the Father was, or from 

IY. As the bow may be ou the 
earth and the sun in the sky, and 
yet the solar radiance remain un- 
divided, so God may remain in 
heaven, and appear on earth as 
Christ, and his oneness not be divid- 

V. As the perishable raindrop is 
used in the revelation of the rainbow, 
so was Christ's body in the revela- 
tion to man of God in Christ. 

VI. As at the same instant the 
sunlight is itself, and also the rain- 
bow and heat, so at the same moment 
Christ is both himself and the Father, 
and both the Father and the Holy 

VII. As solar heat has a peculi- 
arity incommunicable to solar color, 
and solar color a peculiarity incom- 
municable to solar light, and solar 
light a peculiarity incommunicable 
to either solar color or solar heat, so 
each of the three— the Father, Son, 
and Holy Ghost— has a peculiarity 
incommunicable to either of the 

VIII. But as solar light, heat, and 
color are one solar radiance, so the 
Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are one 

IX. As neither solar heat, light, 
nor color is itself without the aid of 
the others, so neither Father, Son, 
nor Holy Ghost, is God without the 

X. As solar heat, light, and color 
are each solar radiance, so Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost are each God. 

XL As the solar rainbow fades 
from sight, and its light continues to 
exist, so Christ ceases to be manifest, 
and yet is present. 

XII. As the rainbow issues from 
sunlight, and returns to the general 
bosom of the radiance of the sky, so 
Christ comes from the Father, ap- 
pears for a while and returns, and 
yet is not absent from the earth. 

XIII. As the influence of the heat 
is that of the light of the sun, so are 

the operations of the Holy Spirit, 
Christ's continued life. 

XIV. As is the relation of all 
vegetable growths to solar light and 
heat, so is the relation of all religi- 
ous growths in general history, in 
the church, and in the individual, to 
the Holy Spirit a present Christ. — 
Cook's Transcendentalism. 

Faith in Immortality. 


"All the subtleties of metaphysics," 
said Rousseau, "will not make me 
doubt the immortality of the soul 
for one single moment. I feel it, I 
wish it, I hope for it, I will defend it 
with my latest breath." At all pe- 
riods all nations have agree ! about 
this belief. Abraham hoping in the 
resurrection, consoles himself for the 
sacrifice of his son Isaac ; Job, 
abandoned by all, was comforted by 
the conviction that he would rise 
again from the grave. " I know that 
my Redeemer liveth, and that he 
shall stand at the latter day upon the 
earth : And though after my skin 
worms destroy this body, yet in my 
flesh shall I see God." The Macca- 
bees gave their bodies to the execu- 
tioner, sajdng : " God will restore 
them to us." Greeks, Persians and 
Egyptians believe in their Elysian 
fields, in Tartarus. And for the 
Romans you have only to read 
Virgil's jEneid, to see what they 
thought about it. It seems as if 
God willed to engrave on the soul 
the word immortality, that it might 
be a centre of light destined to shine 
in the midst of the blackest dark- 
ness, in all ages. Even on the shores 
of Africa you will hear the Hottentot 
entreat that his bow and arrows may 
be buried with him, so that he may 
fight in the land of spirits. When 
savage tribes think they hear the 
souls of their beloved ones in the 
murmurs of the breeze, this is a mis- 
taken conception of the idea of im- 
mortality, but it proves their belief 
in the existence of the soul after 
death. When they place food on the 
fallen warrior's grave, it is because 
they bebeve that the soul has need 
of nourishment. When the Indian 
mother pours milk mingled with her 
tears upon the grave which covers 
her child, does not this erroneous 
belief testify to the innate conviction 
that the soul survives the body? 
Surely, then, the voice of universal 
testimony is the voice of truth. 
Were it only a solitary voice, that 
would be sufficient to arrest our at- 
tention and arouse our fears; but it 
is the voice of the whole human race. 
Nor is it only the voice of the whole 

human race, it is the voice of God. 

College Endowments. 

[From the Christian at Work.] 

The American churches and church 
member are exceedingly liberal in 
the support of higher educational 
institutions. The following figures 
show the increase of endowments 
during the past year to American 
colleges, nearly ail of which are de- 
nominational : 

Allegheny College, $10,000 ; Bates 
College, $75,000; Boston University, 
$100,000 ; Bowdoin College, $20,000; 
Brown University, $187,000 ; Buck- 
nell University, $25,000; Cen- 
tenary College, $25,000; Colby 
University ,$35,000 ; Cornell College, 
$10,000; Cornell University, $265,- 
000; Georgetown College, Kv., $50,- 
000; Hamilton College, $30,000; 
Haverford College, $15,000 ; Heidel- 
berg College, $28,000; Hillside Col- 
lege, $17,000; Johns-Hopkins Uni- 
versity, $100,000; Knox College, 
$25,003; Lake Forest University, 
$500,000; Madison University, $100,- 
000; Middlebury College, $50,000; 
Mount Union College, $10,000; 
Northwestern University, $25 000 ; 
Oberlin College, $45,000; Pennsyl- 
vania College, $18,000; Princeton 
College, $225,000; Rutger's College, 
$90,000; Smith College, $12 000; 
St. Lawrence University, $50,000; 
Syracuse University, $305,00 0; 
Swarthmore University, $25,000 ; 
Tuf's, $135,000; University of the 
City of New York, $50,000 ; Vassar, 
$222,000; Vermont University, $30., 
000; Well's College, $30,000; Wel- 
lesley College, $36,000; Wesleyan 
College, $60,000; Western Reserve 
University, $113,000 ; William's Col- 
lege, $152,000; Woffard College, 
$10,000; Yale, $275,000. Total for 
the forty-two colleges, $3,675,000. 
Another exhibit shows that seventy- 
five institutions have added during 
the year to their libraries over 100,- 
000 volumes. The total number of 
volumes in the libraries of 131 insti- 
tutions is 3,307,000. Harvard holds 
the lead with 355,000 volumes; Yale 
comes next with 200,000; Princeton 
is third with 135,000; Cornell fourth 
with 105,000, and Columbia fifth 
with 92,000. 

[Lebanon Valley College has 
added to her endowment during the 
past year, $13,800.— Editor.] 

Golden Thoughts. 

Every day brings with it some opr 
■portunity to do good. 

Kind words produce their own 
ima^e in men's souls, and a beauti- 
ful image it is. They soothe and 
comfort the hearer. 

Preserve your conscience always 
soft and sensitive. If but one sin 
force its way into that tender part of 
the soul and dwell easy there, the 
road is paved for a thousand iniqui- 



A Happy Event. 

On Tfiursday evening the students 
with many other invited guests, met 
at the home of Mr. S. L. Brightbill to 
join in the celebration of the 18th 
birthday anniversary of his daughter 

Mr. Brightbill's house is particu- 
larly adapted to such commemora- 
tions ; the wide hall, and the spaci- 
ous rooms on either side of it may be 
merged into one, affording ample 
room for the performance of the 
varied amusements. Brightly illu- 
minated, and thrown open as' it was 
for so joyful an occasion, its very 
appearance was suggestive of merri- 

On entering, each guest was given 
a ribbon, to be worn during the even- 
ing ; the lady and gentleman having 
the same colors being partners. The 
finding of the respective partners 
was a novelty — and created an inter- 
est from the very beginning. After 
a few minutes chat, various amuse- 
ments were started and kept going 
until about 10:30, when all were in- 
vited to seat themselves in groups of 
four about the tables provided ; and 
during the next hour were fairly 
overwhelmed with all the gustables 
of the season. ( Pro vokingly tempt- 
ing to one in my position). 

Refreshed after the more fatiguing 
games, the party proceeded to the 
parlor, whence the chairs had been 
carried and arranged as in an audi- 
tory. No sooner had they all been 
seated, when the notes of the piano 
were heard to rise and gradually 
swell into the chords of the " Last 
Hope," peformed with much tender- 
ness of expression by Miss Forney. 
At the close of this piece, Mr. A. P. 
Seltzer, of Lebanon, recited a com- 
ical poem, on some one's experience 
in "popping the question." -Miss 
Smith followed with an instrumental 
solo, executed with her usual skill- 
fulness and exactitude in manipulat- 
ing. Dr. Be Gosh, alias M. A. Meyer, 
then delivered his address on the 
" Probabilities of Life," which was 
at once comical and pathetic. The 
music following this was a duet of 
high merit by Mr. and Mrs. M. E. 
Brightbill. Mr. Seltzer was again 
called for and recited an extract from 
Shakespeare — Shylock's reply to 
Antonio's request for money. Mrs. 
M. E. Brightbill then sang a solo, 
playing her own accompaniment 
with her back towards the piano ; 
the" manner in which it was rendered 
exhibited unusual ability. At the 
conclusion of this impromptu pro- 
gram, the entire party arose and 
sang Nearer my God to Thee, after 
which, with due respect and best 
wishes for many happy returns of 
the occasion which the}' had just 
celebrated, they departed to their 
respective homes. Thus the hours 

from seven to twelve passed so 
pleasantly and quickly as to be 
scarcely realized. The evening is 
long to be remembered as one of the 
most pleasant occasions in the lives 
of the guests. — Journal. 

The Social. 

The first reception of the year 
was given Saturday evening, Sep- 
tember 13th, at the parlor, by~a joint 
committee from the Y. W. C. A. and 
the Y. M. C. A. Several days pre- 
vious the committee arranged a pro- 
gram for the occasion which was 
carried out to the delight of all 

At 7:30 o'clock the doors were 
open to all invited, and the commit- 
tee on reception took their places at 
the main entrance to the Ladies' 

After extending to each one a 
kindly welcome they ushered him 
into the parlor where the program 
of the evening was to be carried out; 
and soon were heard within the 
voices of merry-making and jovial 
young men and women. 

The first part of the evening was 
given to meeting and greeting stu- 
dents, both old and new, and welcom- 
ing the new students to the associa- 
tions of the college. After an hour 
of general social chat and a gener- 
ally good time as well, the commit- 
tee on entertainment provided all 
with chairs, which gave us to under- 
stand that there was more in store 
for us. 

The following is the programme 
as carried out : 

Vocal Solo.— "Forever With the Lord," 

S. J. Evers. 

Address.— Object of Y. W. C. A., 

Miss Lillie Rice. 

Vocal Solo, Miss Carrie Eby. 

Address.— Object of Y. M. C. A., 

J. W. Owen. 

Quartettee.— "Rock of Ages," 

Miss Walrner, Messrs. H. IT. Roop, D. S. 
Eshleman, and Prof. J. E. Lehman. 

In the first address a short history 
was first given of the Y. W. C. A*., 
showing its growth during the last 
few years. The organization now 
numbers 10 associations and 750 
members in this state. 

The object of the association is to 
reach the young women of the cities, 
towns and colleges and give to them 
the same advantages morally, relig- 
iously and intellectually as are offer- 
ed by the Y. M. C. A. to young 
men. There is at present one asso- 
ciation building and it is hoped that 
others will be erected in the near 
future, so that more effective work 
may be done and a greater influence 
for good exerted over the young 
women of the world. 

In the second address expression 
was given to the importance of Y. 
M. C. A. work. The object of the 
association is to provide a place of 
wholesome influence for young men, 
where they may spend their evenings 

and leisure hours amid surroundings 
such as will lead them into the' 
church and make of them men of 

After the regular programme was 
concluded Mr. S. C. Huber, the chair- 
man of the evening, delivered the 
closing address. He offered as a 
primal suggestion that the year be 
one of special activity, zeal and 
earnestness in association work. 
Having bidden all good night the 
first reception of the year was con- 
cluded, and all departed to their re- 
spective places, having enjoyed the 
evening from first to last. When 
shall we again enjoy a like occasion ? 
Does " echo " answer ? 

Art Notes. 

The proprietor of the New York 
World, Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, has 
commissioned Bartholdi, the famous 
French sculptor, who designed the 
statue of" Liberty Enlightening the 
World," to execute a statuary group 
of Washington and Lafayette, which 
he will present to the city of Paris. 
The two figures are represented as 
standing on natural ground, with 
arms extended and hands clasped, 
each holding a standard with the 
American and French colors. The 
cost of the group will be $50,000. 

To any one reading the fascina- 
ting description of the Hanging Gar- 
dens of Babylon, in Elizabeth Stuart 
Phelps and Herbert D. Ward's re- 
cent novel, " The Master of the Ma- 
gicians," the proposition to imitate 
the Babylonians by placing Hanging 
Gardens over the reservoir in Fifth 
Avenue, New York, seems to be a 
daring idea. Yet Mr. Stanford 
White, the architect, thinks it is 
quite feasible. This is another of 
the New York World's enterprises. 

The Grant Monument Association 
has selected, from the five designs 
submitted for the Grant Memorial, 
that of John H. Duncan, of New 
York. The designs, which are elab- 
orately worked out and show evi- 
dence of careful study on the part of 
the competitors, have been placed 
on public exhibition at Ortgies' Gal- 
lery, Fifth Avenue. The general 
dimensions of the accepted design 
are as follows: "A square base 100 
by 100 feet at the ground line, ex- 
clusive of the steps and the projec- 
tion of the portico on front and apse 
at rear. The total height of the 
mausoleum would be about 160 feet 
from the base line, or nearly 290 
from the water level of the Hudson 
river. From the centre of the Me- 
morial Hall floor, the dome is 100 feet. 
The outer gallery will be 130 feet 
above the ground line, affording a 
complete view of the surrounding 
country for miles." 

It is said that Mine. Bashkirtseif, 








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I An 
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A r< 
i ant 
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whose health is rapidly failing, 
wishes to dispose of her daughter's 
works in such a way that the collec- 
tion will not be scattered. Some 
one suggests that a wealthy Ameri- 
can buy and exhibit them as the 
sensation of the winter. The collec- 
tion would no doubt be interesting 
to readers of her "Journal." Her 
frequent mention of Mdlle. Breslau, 
whom she calls her rival, has created 
an interest in that young lady's 
work, and a late number of The Art 
Amateur contains a drawing after a 
recent picture "Portraits of Friends." 

The Art Amateur for September 
contains a description of the great 
silver shield which was presented to 
Mr. Henry M. Stanley at the testi- 
monial banquet recently given to 
him by the American residents of 
London. It was designed by Mr. 
Henry S. Wellcome. The trophy, 
which is two feet high, is elaborately 
worked in repuussS by Elkington, 
who made the famous Elcho Shield. 
It bears in the centre the stars and 
stripes on a shield upon which is 
overlaid a relief map of Africa, the 
great explorer's various journeys be- 
ing marked in inlaid gold. The 
American eagle at the top of the 
shield holds a medallion portrait of 
Stanley encircled by a laurel wreath. 
Around the central device are de- 
picted numerous scenes in the career 
of the explorer, beginning with the 
Fall of Magdala, with Lord Napier 
and Stanley in the foreground, in- 
cluding the battle of Amoaful (Ash- 
anti), the finding of Livingstone, the 
discovery of the source of the Nile, 
the founding of the Congo Free 
State, Stanley's encounter with the 
dwarfs, and ending with the meeting 
ith Emin Pasha. 
Mrs. Anna Lea Merritt's recent 
picture" Love Locked Out, "has been 
purchased by the Chantry Fund of 
the Royal Acadenry. She is the 
third American thus honored. Ernest 
'arton, the landscape painter, and 
ohn S. Sargent, of portrait fame, 
eing the others. 

Socrates Before his Judges. 

When Socrates had been con- 
emned by his judges, he spoke to 
them as follows : "I, Athenians, 
say to you that it is not difficult to 
escape death, but it is most difficult 
[to escape vice : for vice is swifter 
[than death. And now I, being a 
feeble old man, am conscious that 
death, which is the more sluggish, is 
near at hand. But vice, which is 
the more active, has overtaken my 
'accusers who are corrupt. And now 
|I depart from you condemned to 
[death, but these my accusers go 
away convicted of injustice and 

"I am therefore hopeful in regard 
t( > death : for if there is no percep- 

tion and if death is similar to sleep, 
the gain will be wonderful. If, on 
the one hand, as I think, any change 
takes place both in the condition 
and abode of the soul, and if, on 
the other hand, the current beliefs 
are true, that all who have died are 
in this new abode, ought any one to 
be desirous of any greater good 
than that ? 

" Therefore you ought, men, to be 
hopeful in regard to death and to 
meditate upon this truth, that 
there is no evil to a good man 
whether living or dead. Neither 
is the welfare of such a man over- 
looked by the Gods, nor will my 
death be brought about of its own 
accord ; but this is evident to me, 
that it were better for me to depart 
from life and its cares now. It is 
now time for us to go hence. I to 
meet my death, but you to live. 
Which shall happen upon the better 
lot is known alone to God 1 " 

How to Read. 

Much is said about what to read. 
Every newspaper and magazine has ' 
its review of current literature, and 
volunteers to tell what is wheat and 
what is chaff. They commend and 
condemn without stint. Let a book 
come out from a reputable publish- 
ing house tainted with heresy of any 
sort, and immediately pencils are 
sharpened to give due warning. But 
not much is said about how to read. 
This is almost as important. Be- 
yond a doubt the improper reading 
of even the best of books is an in- 
jury to the reader. It creates slov- 
enly mental habits. It cultivates in- 
attention. It wastes time. How 
shall we read ? 

First of all, read for a purpose. 
Take aim. Go after a definite some- 
thing. The fact, the argument, the 
lesson — seek these diligently. Aim- 
less reading is dissipation. 

Then, read thoughtfully. Fact 
and argument and moral will not ad- 
here to the mind unless meditated 
upon. It is of small value to go 
over the pages if the truths printed 
upon them pass through the brain 
like water through a sieve. Better 
read only a sentence and grapple 
with the thought. Question every 
statement. Ask yourself what truth 
it contains, and then if it is reason- 
able and correct. Master your book. 
Whatsoever is informing, inspiring, 
enriching, uplifting — think on these 

Then, again, do not read too much. 
Many make a fatal error here. At 
the half-dozen summer resorts we 
have visited this season we have 
found young people poring for 
hours over books, utterly absorbed 
in the fascinating stories, and un- 
conscious of the passage of time. 
These were wasted hours. Stuffing 

hinders digestion. Only the food 
we assimilate does us good. Go 
slower. Frederick Robertson once 
said the number of books he had 
read could be counted upon the tips 
of one's fingers, but that they had 
been great books, and their contents 
made his own. It is an excellent 
practice to close the book at the end 
of each page and carefully think over 
what the author has said. We also 
strongly recommend the memorizing 
of striking statements, important 
facts, telling arguments, and bril- 
liant puttings of truth. — Epworth 


[Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here..] 

Mr. E. E. Keedy made us a pleas- 
ant call on his way to Yale. 

Messrs. Adam Forney and H. H. 
Kreider left on September 9th for a 
trip west. 

Prof. John Keedy addressed the 
Young People's Society on Sabbath 
evening, September 21st. 

Revs. Benjamin and J oseph Daugh- 
erty, Long and Kleffman, all of '89, 
have re-entered our Seminary. 

Mr. G. R. Kreider, '83, lost a val- 
uable 3'oung horse recently, by hang- 
ing itself. 

Prof. Deaner and the Messrs. Roop 
and Eshleman attended the funeral 
of John Backenstoe, Jr., of Union 

Dr. I. L. Kephart, editor of the 
Religious Telescope, delivered his lec- 
ture, " The Yosemite Valley and the 
Big Trees of California," in the 
Chapel, on the evening of October 2d. 

The remarks of Prof. Bowman, in 
view of his severing his relations 
with the Sunday-school as a teacher 
on the 14th of September, were much 
appreciated by the school. The 
prayers of the school accompany 

Presiding Elder Dohner held Quar- 
terly Conference here on September 
13. On Sabbath, he preached two 
very excellent sermons. He con- 
ducted Chapel services on Monday 
morning, after which he, in very 
timely remarks, addressed the stu- 

Prof. Ebersole spent one week at 
the College prior to his entering 
Yale, where he will do post-graduate 
work. The students gave him a 
hearty greeting. The Professor 
looks a little thin, having just conva- 
lesced from an attack of sickness. 
He visited the different classes, and 
was highly pleased w T ith the schol- 
arly bearing of the students. 

Pastor Lowery has tendered his 
resignation as pastor here in view of 
his entering Yale Divinity. His 
leaving is greatly regretted by his 



people, to whom he has especially 
endeared himself by his faithful 
work among them. The church has 
greatly prospered under his minis- 
tration. He has freed the church 
from debt, and in many ways made 
it more efficient. He carries with 
him the prayers of the church. He 
left for his new field of work on 
September 22. 


Boston will erect a $50,000 statue 
to Boyle OTleilly. 

The County Institute will be held 
November 17th, at Lebanon. 

We acknowledge the following 
from Professor John Keedy : 

Princeton opens with the largest 
Sophomore class in its histor}\ 

The Juniors part with their 
Sophomore badges very reluctantly. 

TJrsinus College has received the 
valuable library of the late Dr. Bom- 

The pupils of the Art Department 
go out sketching occasionally and 
derive much pleasure and profit from 
trying to record with pencil their 
impressions of nature. 

Mme. Patti has signed to sing in 
twelve concerts in Russia during 
January and February for $5,250 
each performance. 

Professor Spangler is doing very 
excellent work. He is taking a very 
active part in the religious work of 
the College. 

The Freshmen, according to the 
" Annville Journal," have offered to 
frame a constitution for the Sopho- 

We are glad to say that we have 
no " Mary-had-a-little-lamb " stu- 
dents. Not even a relic is to be 
found. Gaudeamus. 

The Presbyterian Church has more 
than $7,000,000 invested in the work 
of training young men for the Chris- 
tian ministry. 

Prof. Deaner has made some im- 
provements in his recitation-room, 
which add both to the comfort of 
students and the appearance of the 

There is a Chautauqua Circle in 
the penitentiary at Stillwater, Min- 
nesota, which numbers thirty mem- 
bers. Bishop Vincent has recently 
lectured to them. 

Mr. Cyrus C. Flook has received 
a call to teach in the Ladies' Serai- 
nary, at Hagerstown, Md. He ac- 
cepted the call and entered upon his 
duties on September 15th. 

Mr. Gladstone has, in a conserva- 
tive way, given his approval to the 
methods adopted in England look- 
ing to ampler facilities for the higher 

education of women. He sanctions 

Henry M. Stanley will lecture in 
the Academy of Music, Brooklyn, 
for the Brooklyn Homoeopathic Hos- 
pital on November 12th. He will 
receive for the lecture $3,500. 

Two very finely preserved bottles 
of snakes were recently presented to 
the Museum by Mr. Seabold, our en- 
terprising druggist. They are about 
twenty years old and as perfect as 
when first preserved. 

The statue of Horace Greeley at 
the entrance of the New York Trib- 
une building; was unveiled. Chaun- 
cey M. Depew delivered the address. 
The statute was unveiled by Miss 

Miss Annie Felton Reynolds was 
the first woman dentist to graduate 
in Massachusetts, having graduated 
from the Boston Dental College, in 
August last, and that too with the 
highest honors of the class. 

The class in Astronomy has be- 
gun their observations upon the 
planets and the moon. The work 
has been more interesting than usual, 
because of the favorable conditions 
for making the observations. 

Additional shelves has been placed 
in the College Library. Our Library 
has reached such proportions that 
additional room had to be secured. 
Nearly 5000 volumes of rare and 
well selected books are available to 
the students. 

The fair freshman at Br} r n Mawr 
is hazed by being made to walk up 
an inclined board with a pile of books 
upon her shoulders. When she 
reaches the top, she is given a lamp, 
with the injunction to keep it well 
trimmed, and not be a "foolish 
Virgin." — University News. 

Prof. Stauffer, who has been prin- 
cipal of the schools in South Ann- 
ville, has resigned and accepted the 
principalship of the schools of Em- 
porium, at a salary of one hundred 
dollars per month. We regret his 
leaving, yet we congratulate him on 
his excellent position. 

Thieves entered our depot on the 
morning of the 13th of September, 
and almost demolished the building 
by placing dynamite on the safe. 
The discharge blew only the top off 
the safe, leaving it intact. They 
did not secure any money. At pres- 
ent there is no clue to the perpetra- 
tors of the villainous act. 

According to the New York Sun, 
at the beginning of this century, 
21,000,000 persons spoke English ; 
31,500,000 French; 30,000,000 Ger- 
man; 31,000,000 Russian; 26,000,000 
Spanish,' and 16,000,000 Italian. Now 
125 000,000 persons talk English ; 
50,000,000 French; 40,000,000 Span- 

ish; 70,000,000 Russian, and 30,000,- 
000 Italian. 

Two specimens Mica Chist from 
Marshall Pass, Cal. ; 2 specimens of 
Volcano Formation, from Sierra 
Nevada, Cape Horn; 1 specimen 
Gold Quartz, Polsam, Cal. ; 2 speci- 
mens Lead Ore, Leadville ; 1 speci- 
men Epidote, Leadville; 2 specimens 
Copper, Leadville, and an Indian 
Chief's Cap made out of an Ante- 
lope's head, from Reno, Nevada. 

The first lecture of the course will 
be delivered by Rev. Russel Con- 
well, of Philadelphia, on October 14, 
in the Chapel. We regret that we 
are unable to announce the entire 
course for the year. We can assure 
our friends that it will be composed 
of the best talent on the American 

Mr. Reno S. Harp, class '89, has 
received the appointment of copying 
clerk in the Interior Department, at 
Washington, D. C, at a salary of 
$1000 per annum. His civil service 
examination was of "special merit." 
His position will only require his 
service from 9 A. M. to 3 P. M., 
which will enable him to attend the 
law department of Columbian Uni- 

The Bible Normal Union has been 
organized with twenty members, 
eleven of whom are ladies. There 
are ten members from the Sunday- 
school who do not attend College. 
Others are thinking of taking the 
course. The class has weekly meet- 
ings. Profs. Deaner and Spangler 
are the instructors. Lebanon Valley 
College has furnished nearly sixteen 
per centum of the graduates of the 
B. N. U. 

The singing at the Chapel has 
been very much improved this term 
under the leadership of Professor 
Lehman. Each morning several 
selections are sung at prayers. The 
entire school unite in singing gospel 
songs. It is perfectly grand to be 
under the influence of such devo- 
tional services. A goodly number 
of friends have come in and joined 
us in these services. 

In Madame Alberti's physical 
training classes at Avon-by-the-Sea, 
neer New York, pupils are taught 
how to pick up a pin, to shut a door, 
to get out of a vehicle, and the like- 
Jane Bancroft, Ph. D., of Wash- 
ington, in an address at Chautauqua, 
said: "No where in Europe to-day 
do women have such opportunities 
as in Paris." Miss Bancroft has re- 
cently been appointed professor ot 
history in the Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 

A famous college president, a 
clergyman, was addressing the stu- 
dents in the chapel at the begin- 
ning of the college year. "It i s > 
he said in conclusion "a matter ot 



f hi 























congratulation to all the friends of 
the college that this year opens with 
the largest Freshman class in its 
history." And then, without any 
pause, he turned to the scripture 
lesson for the day, the third psalm, 
and began reading in a voice of 
thunder: "Lord, how they are in- 
creased that trouble me!" 

The Dakota Indians think that the 
moon at its waning is eaten by little 
mice. The Polynesians believe that 
it is devoured by the spirits of the 
dead. The Hottentots say that it 
wanes when, suffering from a head- 
ache, it puts its hands to its fore- 
head and hides the latter from our 
view. The Eskimos imagine that 
the moon, harassed by fatigue and 
hunger after finishing its journey, re- 
tires for a moment to take rest and 
food. Its apparent corpulence after 
its appearance shows with what 
avidity it has fed. 

A Ministerial and Sunday-school 
Convention was held in the Evangel- 
ical Church from Sept. 14 to 19. 
The sessions were very interesting, 
and all of the discussions showed 
special preparation. The sermon by 
Rev. Stanford, editor of The Messen- 
ger, was specially worthy of men- 
tion. It was a plain gospel dis- 
course, full of happy points, which 
all could carry with them with profit. 
Rev. Stanford made a pleasant visit 
to the College. He called upon Miss 
Sherrick, whom he learned to know 
while she was a studentat Otterbein. 
Prof. S. 0. Goho, class '80, has 
I been elected to a professorship in the 
State College. Immediately after 
graduation, the professor was elected 
Principal of the Schools of North 
Annville. He reorganized the schools 
and soon elevated the standard of 
• scholarship. He established a school 
t for teachers known as the Annville 
Normal, which had unprecedented 
| success. He conducted the Normal 
work here for several years. He then 
received a call to the principalship of 
the schools of Milton, which position 
he held till his election to the profes- 
j' sorship in the State College. The 
J authorities at Milton were so loath to 
i lose him from their schools, that they 
offered him a large increase of salary. 
\ He stands in the front rank as an 
r educator. His abilities, untiring 
energy, and his personal, will give to 
| the College additional power and in- 
I fluence. 


Kalozetean Literary Society. 

"We have again entered upon the 
I! duties of another year. When we 
] arrived school matters appeared 
| somewhat dark to us as older stu- 
I dents, but when we became settled, 
and our rooms appeared as a cozy 

corner in the old homestead, we felt 
that the gloom had given place to 
the bright and cheery sunshine. The 
dear Society Hall recalls many fond 
recollections. When we see those 
chairs, we can easily reproduce in 
our memories those who occupied 
them, and have now entered upon 
life better qualified to fill the places 
allotted to them. It is true we have 
only a small number, but the work 
done is in a much greater ratio than 
the number. We feel that there 
must be an unusual effort put forth, 
and we are determined to accomplish 
the desired end. 

Friday, September 12, we had 
several able addresses on " Misgov- 
ernment of Cities," "Farmers' Alli- 
ance and Blaine's Criticism of 
Speaker Reed's Ruling," etc. The 
debate, Resolved, that " Morality 
increases civilization," was discussed 
by all. Several favored the nega- 
tive of the question, citing the loose- 
ness of our morals, the corruptness 
at the very head of our government, 
briber}' at elections indicating how 
little men respect their God given 
privilege. It is true that the cor- 
ruptness of our ballot is becoming 
dangerous. When we read history, 
we find that the ancients held such 
affairs in reverence; the greater the 
shame to America that her liberties 
are threatened by such baseness. 
When we speak of the morality of 
the ancients, we cannot justly com- 
pare it to our present morality. 
Greece and Rome are often spoken 
of as having had a high state of mo- 
rality at one time, but their moralitj' 
was not of a true character, for true 
morality is the outgrowth of true re- 
ligion, the religion which attributes 
to God a purpose worthy of him ; 
one that satisfies the intellect and 
the heart. The affirmative also had 
its different phases. The growth of 
the Christian Church, which is a 
great item; the advancement of the 
Christian Associations ; the exten- 
sion of religious principles and others 
of considerable weight. Let us con- 
tinue these good meetings. Let us 
strive hard to gain the summit and 
then we can realize that " He who 
does the best his circumstances allow, 
does well, acts nobly; angels could 
do no more." 

We are glad to hear of the success 
of our graduates of last spring. It 
is true we miss them, but we well 
know that each one must play his 
important part in the great arena of 
life, and it has now fallen upon these 
to leave the place from which they 
gained the knowledge which has 
better prepared them for life's du- 
ties. Mr. E. 0. Burtner is Professor 
in Seder's Academy of Harrisburg, 
a school too well known for any 
commendation. May this year tell 
well for him. Mr. W. H. Kindt 

is assistant principal of the high 
school of Athens, Pa. Looking over 
the catalogue of the school, we find 
it is a school of no mean grade. 
May your presence and teaching 
prove very beneficial to those under 
your care. Mr. J. T. Spangler re- 
mains among us. He has now charge 
of the Greek Department of the Col- 
lege. His qualifications are well 
known. In speaking of him, we all 
acknowledge his closeness to his 
work. He was a thorough student. 
He is respected by all, and by his 
competency and excellent disposi- 
tion, we bespeak for him a bright 
future. Prof. W. S. Ebersole, A. M, 
formerly Professor of Greek, is with 
us, but will leave in a few days for Yale 
University, where he will pursue a 
Post-graduate course. We are sorry 
to see him leave, but are glad he is 
so ambitious to get a more thorough 
understanding of the great field of 
knowledge ; for " knowledge is no 
more a fountain sealed." The best 
wishes of the Society are with him. 

Last spring when we parted with 
many friends, we were inquisitive 
as to their returning or remaining at 
home. Some spoke as if they would 
return, while others gave us the sad 
announcement that tliey would not. 
There were quite a number, but as 
Messrs. Shoemaker and Scott were 
old students, we miss them more, as 
we were so intimately associated. 
Mr. J. A. Shoemaker is now clerk 
for the Recorder of Deeds of Alle- 
gheny County, Pa. He has a very 
enviable position, and as we miss 
him very much, we feel that he is 
receiving an excellent training which 
will be of much practical benefit. 
Mr. D. N. Scott is remaining at 
home this year. He expects to con- 
tinue next year. Mr. Scott lives in a 
country in which the scenery and 
picturesqueness is something grand. 
We sometimes think that Grant 
County, West Ya., is a school in it- 
self. The Editor was so fortunate 
as to visit Mr. Scott during the sum- 
mer vacation, and to say we had an 
excellent time would hardly do jus- 
tice to him. The day before we left 
for home, we saw him for the last 
time at a grand tournament. He 
was then escorting his fair enamor- 
ata. Cupid seemed to be as glorious 
as could well be. May your pleas- 
ures continue and your study of 
Greek and Latin have a telling effect. 
Mr. Warren B. Thomas, of Johns- 
town, Pa., an ex-member, was ac- 
companied by the Editor in his 
West Virginia tour. The trip was 
given wholely to pleasure, and it was 
truly realized. The scenery added 
greatly, but when we meet those 
with whom we associated in school, 
we thus account for the pleasure. 
The ties of friendship formed at 
school can not well be broken. 



During the summer we were fa- 
vored with a number of new books? 
making a considerable showing in 
our Library. We would be glad for 
such favors often. Our Library has 
grown in the last year, until we now 
have between six and seven hundred 
volumes. Let those who have left 
us continue to help build up this, 
which is a credit to any organization. 

Let us endeavor to make much of 
our time this year. " Time lost is 
never regained." " Think for thy- 
self ; one good idea but known to be 
thine own, is better than a thousand 
gleaned from fields by others sown." 
There is pleasure in the mastery of 
something. Do we believe those 
men who have labored hard and have 
at last gained the desired goal, are 
not happy ? This age requires men 
who have broad ideas, and if we are 
careless and unconcerned we will be 
left in the rear, and the tide of ad- 
vancement will trample upon us. 
Let every one be a hero, and when 
we have finished another year we 
can look back upon the time well 


The class in Orthography and Elo- 
cution is quite small but it is doing 
earnest work, and promises good re- 
sults in the future. 

The class in chemistry has finished 
the study of the elements oxygen 
and hydrogen, and are busily en- 
gaged in examining chlorine and its 

The Natural Philosophy class is 
finishing the work on composition 
and resolution of motion, and will 
begin the work on the centre of 
gravity in a few days. 

The students in the Elementary 
Astronomy class are studying the 
motions and phases of the different 
planets ,and are discussing the theory 
of the planets being inhabited. 

The physiology class is busily en- 
gaged in examining the character of 
the food containing the greatest 
amount of nutrition and will begin 
the study of the circulation of the 
blood in about a week. 

The General History class is hav- 
ing a sojourn in Ancient Rome, and 
while at present admiring the mili- 
tary system and judicial enactments 
of the Romans, will soon observe 
the decline of the Roman power and 
the destruction of the Eternal City. 

The work in this department has 
been well commenced, and with the 
earnestness shown by those who are 
making natural science an interest- 
ing study, we feel certain that the 
students' work will be a complete 
success, and that the various classes 
will obtain good results. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

"Esse Quam Videri.'" 

The society sends greeting to her 
many friends who are anxiously 
awaiting j?ood news and words of 
cheer. We are in our accustomed 
place on each Friday eve. What an 
inspiration we receive as memory — 
that most wonderful and most mys- 
terious gift with which God has 
blessed us — brings to us fond recol- 
lections of the many who once con- 
gregated in the hall of the P. L. S. 
We have entered upon the work of 
this year with new determinations 
and fresh vigor. The first meeting 
was held on the evening of the 5th 
inst. The following program was 
rendered : 

Address, The Philokosmian Literary So- 

Music by the College Quartette. 

Address The Girl I Left Behind Me. 

Debate. Resolved, That more benefit is 

derived from the Society work than the 

prescribed course. 

Music Instrumental Solo. 

Address How I Spent my Vacation. 

Experiences of Members. 

The evening was pleasantly and 
profitably spent. 

A number of the new students 
have joined our ranks, viz. : Messrs. 
David Keller, of Annville; Oscar 
Good, of Progress, and G. D. Mouer, 
of Chambersburg. 

Prof. J. E. Lehman gave us an 
address, which was well received. 

Hon. A. Boyer, of East Grantville, 
presented the Society with two vol- 
umes of the History of the Celebra- 
tion of the One Hundredth Anniver- 
sary of the Constitution of the Uni- 
ted States. 

Please accept our thanks. 

Prof. H. F. Stonffer, an active 
member of the Society for several 
years, has gone to Emporium, West- 
moreland county, Pa., to take the 
principalship of the schools. He 
was President of the Society at the 
time he was elected to the principal- 
ship. We will miss his friendly 
greeting, but expect to have him 
with us next Spring. We wish him 
abundant success in his new field of 
labor. He is a good, energetic 
teacher, possessing qualities that win 
and ability as a teacher which is 

The Society expects to conduct a 
Lecture Course during the year. We 
think that the patronage which we 
have received from the citizens of 
Annville and community, and from 
the students of College in the past, 
will be ours. We shall endeavor to 
make this course what we deem 
" first-class." 

We have placed a number of new 
papers in the reading-room. Students 
ought to take advantage ofthis priv- 
ilege which is open to all, and secure 

all the knowledge and important 
facts of the day. 

We are glad to announce that Mr. 
Reno S. Harp, class '89, has secured 
a position as clerk in the Census 
Bureau Department, at Washington, 
D. C. He is attending lectures in 
the Law University, from which 
place he expects to graduate. Our 
best wishes attend him. 

Mr. Cyrus Flook has been elected 
Professor of the Mental and Moral 
Science Department of the Seminary, 
at Hagerstown, Maryland. Mr. C. 
F. Flook will give satisfaction. He 
is not afraid of work. May success 
attend him. 

Prof. A. H. Gerberich, class '88, 
has been elected Professor of the 
Natural Science Department. The 
Professor made his record as teacher 
of the Pottsgrove Academy. He 
will not lose it here. May success 
crown his efforts. 

Prof. C. F. Flook and Prof. A. H. 
Gerberich spent Friday evening, 
September 12th, with us. Each one 
gave an address. They were of such 
a character as to make one feel like 
pushing on with renewed vigor. 

Prof. J. L. Keedy gave us a pleas- 
ant call on the evening of the 19th 
inst. Professor Keedy was a profes- 
sor in San Joaquin Valley College 
last year. He was on his way to 
Yale College, where he and his 
brother, Mr. E. E. Keedy, entered 
the Divinity School. 

The same evening our election was 
held and resulted as follows : 

President. — S. C. Huber. 

Vice-President. — J. D. Rice. 

Recording Sec'y. — H. W. C rider. 

Corresponding Sec'y. — D. E. Esq- 

Treasurer. — G. K. Hartman. 

Chaplain. — H. M. Miller. 

Organist. — S. H. Stein. 

Critic— G. L. Sheaffer. 

Janitor. — S. P. Backenstoe. 

Editor. — J. W. Owen. 

The following program was ren- 
dered September 26th: 

Subject Literature. 

Address Biography of Milton. 

Vocal Solo. 

Declamation From Milton. 

Address Biography of Shakespeare. 

Quartette Awkward Squad. 

Declamation From Shakespeare. 

Debate. Resolved, That Shakespeare is 

a greater poet than Milton. 

Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Vacation days are now a thing of 
the past. Farewells to parents and 
friends have been exchanged. We 
are again at work. It is hard, try- 
ing work. How glad we feel when 
the toils of another week are o'er. 
We are doubly glad to meet in so- 
ciety work where text-works are an 



nknown factor, where we get a fore- 
aste of the work which it will be 
nrs to do in the great school of life, 
ife! How much there is in that 
ord ! What a meaning ! To be 
eady for it, we must make the most 
ut of our opportunities and possi- 

It is with pleasure that we note 
lie remarkable interest manifested 
y all. There is an unusual push 
and hearty determination which be- 
speaks that the work of the present 
erm will be par excellence. Our 
programmes have been very inter- 
esting. The first was on Society 
Work. The following were the sub- 
lets : The Work of the Coming 
'erm ; Why Should We Join a So- 
-iety ; The Importance of Society 
T crk in Connection with College 
ife ; The Benefits Derived from 
Such Work ; and A Short History 
of the Society. There were several 
extemporaneous talks and the "Olive 
Branch " was read. 

The subject discussed at the next 
meeting was, " The Last Days of 
Pompeii." The discussions were in 
11 its possible phases. A number 
of us had seen it at Harrisburg dur- 
ing the summer, and speaking from 
the knowledge gained there gave the 
subject a freshness and interest 
which it otherwise would not have 

Already we have added the names 
of Misses Baker, Loose, Smith, Wil- 
son and Yothers to our roll. Gladly 
do we welcome the ladies among us, 
and hope their work will be enjoy- 
able and profitable. 

Miss Annie Gensamerof Pinegrove 
spent a week with Miss Sheldon. 

Miss Emma Landis, of Hummels- 
town, is visiting friends and relatives 
in Kansas and Iowa. She will not 
eturn home till November. 

Misses Emma and Joe Kreider 
returned home from their visit at 
Woodfield on September 22d. Miss 
Joe has entered College. 

Miss Alice Gingerich has returned 
to Woodbridge, Cal., where she is 
Professor of Music in San Joaquin 

Miss Lillian Quigley,who had been 
ill for nearly two weeks, has resumed 
her studies. 

Miss Alice Evers is visiting Miss 
Nettie Swartz at New Oxford, Pa. 
In assuming my work as editor, I 
I do it not a little reluctantly, because 
| of the duties which the position will 
impose upon me. I shall try to add 
interest and stimulate all to put forth 
greater efforts in this part of their 
education. If my views are not in 
perfect accord with those of my 
predecessors, or every member, exer- 
cise charity and forbearance. We 
all do not see things in the same way. 

In the language of Webster, " we 
can stand assault, we can stand ad- 

versity, we can stand persecution, 
we can stand everything, but the 
weakness of our strength." Strength 
is what we wish to acquire. Excel- 
lence is what we wish to engraft into 
our being, and womanhood is what 
we wish to attain. This can only 
be realized by doing ; by doing well 
and by doing continuously. We 
never grind with the water that is 
past. Act now. Be wise. 


All commucatlons for tins department should 
be addressed to Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, Annville, Fa. 


A solution to the following is earnestly 
desired. The solution is to be arithmeti- 
cal : 

A ladder is placed square up against a 
building. By drawing out the foot of the 
ladder '20 feet, the top is lowered 4 feet. 
How long is the ladder ? 


The important part which music 
plays in the drama of a nation's his- 
tory is a matter worthy^ our careful 
consideration. So general has its 
use become, that there is scarcely a 
public service of any kind that has 
not associated with it some kind of 
music. I think it can be truthfully 
stated that the best patronized and 
most enthusiastic entertainments are 
musical. Music is generally asso- 
ciated with those influences which 
have a tendency to refine and elevate, 
and opposed to that which is degrad- 
ing and vulgar. 

Confucius said : u Wouldst thou 
know if a people be well governed, 
whether its manners be good or bad, 
examine the music it practices." An 
eminent musician said at one time : 
u Let me write the ballads of a na- 
tion and I care not who writes its 
laws." Such a firm hold has music 
upon the affections of the people 
that it influences their literature, 
laws, religion, politics and amuse- 

The science of music treats of the 
harmony of sounds and naturally 
divides itself into two general de- 
partments, viz., vocal and instru- 
mental. Yocal music is produced 
by the human voice and is principally 
used in religious worship, the opera, 
national songs and the social circle. 
Instrumental music is produced by 
artificial instruments, of which there 
are almost an endless variety ; prom- 
inent among them the pianoforte, 
or«;an, violin, harp, flute, clarionet, 
horn and drum. The use made of 
these instruments is almost as varied 
as their number, many of them serv- 
ing with good effect as accompani- 
ments to the human voice. Some- 
times combinations of various kinds 
of instruments are formed, which 

produce most pleasing harmonies, 
giving shade, expression and power 
to the music rendered. Just like 
the different colors in a picture, 
which if properly blended will bring 
out more fully and clearly the ex- 
pression of the picture. As to the 
origin of the study of the science of 
music, our information is very lim- 
ited and indefinite; it is, however, 
safe to conclude that some kind of 
music has existed in all ages and in 
all countries. This is evident from 
the representations of musical in- 
struments carved upon some of the 
oldest and most prominent monu- 

It is said of the Greeks that they 
were proficient in the science of 
music, and studied the mathematical 
proportions of sound. Of the Ro- 
mans it is said that they borrowed 
their music from the Greeks, and 
that they had both stringed and wind 
instruments. But it was not until 
the thirteenth century that the scale 
of musical notation by character 
notes was introduced, which soon 
became popular and evidently was 
the initiatory of the present system 
of musical notation. From this time 
forward we notice a steady progress 
in the science of music, and in rapid 
succession Europe had the benefit of 
a Bach, Handel, Haydn, Mozart, 
Beethoven, Mendelssohn, and many 
others who became prominent musi- 
cal composers. To these master 
minds we are largely indebted for 
the development made in the science 
of music as well as for the best and 
most classical music found on our 
tables even at the present time. 

The origin of music in this country 
dates back to the Pilgrim Fathers, 
who landed on Plymouth Rock, in 
1620. They are credited with having 
been a very conscientious and relig- 
ious people and not so easily carried 
away with new theories and dogmas. 
It appears they brought with them 
Ainsworth's version of the Psalms, 
which they considered of divine 
origin. In 1640 a new and improved 
version of the Psalms was published, 
which, by the way, was the first book 
ever printed in this country. This 
met with great opposition ; so much 
so that for a time it threatened a di- 
vision in the church. Among the 
prominent questions then discussed 
were, whether it was lawful to sing 
the Psalms to metres and tunes in- 
vented by men ; whether one person 
should sing at one time and all the 
rest only join in the spirit, the same 
as one man reading the Scriptures ; 
whether it was lawful for women to 
join in the singing, or, whether it was 
lawful for those who did not belong 
to the church to join in those sacred 

In 1170, under the efficient leader- 
ship of Billings, the science of music 



in this country began to take per- 
manent shape. People became en- 
thusiastic on the subject of music, 
and in a very short time had the 
benefit of such composers as Law, 
Swan, Holden,Holyoke, Lucas, Hast- 
ings, Mason, Moore, Bradbury, 
Baker and Emerson. Among these 
Hastings, Mason and Bradbury de- 
serve special mention for raising the 
standard, especially of church and 
Sunday-school music. These, again, 
were followed by Bliss, Sankey, 
Root, Lowry, Doane and a host of 
others, some of them and their com- 
positions well and favorably known 
to us. 

A special feature connected with 
the art of music is its universal use. 
In this it differs from any other art. 
Different nations have different 
modes of expressing their ideas and 
feelings — this does not generally ap- 
ply to the art of music. Notes of joy 
will naturally produce gladness, and 
notes of sadness will cause weeping 
all the world over. Indeed it would 
seem that often music composed by 
authors of different nationalities is 
preferred and used with better effect 
than that written and used among 
its own people. In proof of this I 
need but say that the large amount 
of the classic music taught in our 
best musical conservatories and used 
by musical organizations to-day, is 
from foreign composers, and because 
of this, may we not safely conclude 
that to music as much as anything, 
may be attributed the happy and 
harmonious relations existing be- 
tween various nations. 

Again, music possesses a wonder- 
ful power. All who come in contact 
with it are more or less affected by 
it. Some will listen to music with 
only an ordinary degree of pleasure, 
while others will go into ecstasy 
over the same piece. The celebrated 
Mrs. Childs after hearing the famous 
Liszt perform on the piano, describes 
the effect upon her thus : " How he 
did it, I know as little as I know 
how the sun shines, or how the 
spring brings forth its blossoms. I 
only know that music came from 
his soul into my soul and carried 
it upward to worship with angels. 
It overcame me like a miracle. I 
felt that my soul for the first time 
was baptized in music. That my 
spiritual relations were somehow 
changed. It seemed to me such 
music should bring all the world in 
unison and harmony with divine or- 
der." Says another writer who heard 
the same performer : " With blow 
after blow upon the instruments 
with his whole force, he planted large 
column masses of sound, like the 
Giant's Causeway; the instrument 
rained, hailed, thundered, moaned, 
whistled and shrieked around those 
columns in every cry the tempest 

can utter in its wildest fury. Then, 
again, we were borne along through 
countless beauties of rock, sky, flow- 
ers and foliage. Here we listened 
to the voices, rather than the songs 
of birds, when the music by degrees 
diminished, then gradually fluttered 
away and ceased." 

Weaver, in his essay on music, 
represents the human soul as a 
mighty harp, with all its strings vi- 
brating to the gush of music. A 
French writer, writing on the subject 
of music, says : " It is the only art 
which the brute creation appear to 
appreciate," and cites numerous 
cases where horses have responded 
to the calls of music ; where lions 
and tigers have been tamed by its 

Wonderful indeed is the power of 
music, and all are more or less sub- 
jects of its mysterious charms. And 
although we have as yet not attained 
to that degree of perfection in this 
science as is enjoyed by some Euro- 
pean countries, yet it is a source of 
much gratification to observe that 
never in the history of this country 
has so much attention been given to 
music as at the present time. Per- 
haps we can get a clearer conception 
of the attention given to music when 
we take into consideration that mil- 
lions upon millions of copies of mu- 
sic are published and sold every 
year. Again, it is estimated that in 
this country alone are manufactured 
and sold, each year, about ninety 
thousand organs, and about forty 
thousand pianos. Besides these, 
possibly five times as many other 
instruments of various kinds. All of 
these find their way into the homes 
of our people, and who will dare to 
say that these homes are not made 
better and happier by them. 

If the progress made in the science 
of music in this country during the 
last century as well as the interest 
manifested at the present time, can 
be relied upon as a sure index to 
what the future will bring forth, the 
outlook is certainly most promising. 
This increase of musical culture and 
taste has paved the way for still 
greater achievements. Instead of 
regarding music as only an agreeable 
pastime, our people are beginning 
to recognize it as a necessity to a 
complete course of educational train- 
ing. The demand for musical in- 
struction, both vocal and instru- 
mental, comes from almost every 
christian home in this land ; and 
colleges and universities, to keep 
pace with the times, are obliged to 
add to their courses of studies a 
thorough musical training. The 
same thing should be done in our 
public schools — there is a demand 
for it. No reason can be assigned 
why it should not be taught the 
same as any other of our common 

school branches. All through the 
history of the Christian church, we 
find prominent traces of music in con- 
nection with the worship of Jehovah- 

Of David it is said, that he was 
the sweet singer of Israel. He wrote 
many of the Psalms which composed 
so conspicuous a part in the old 
Jewish worship. He also organized 
a band of four thousand musicians 
and divided them into twenty-four 
courses, who were, in their turns, 
daily engaged in the administrations 
of the temple worship. It is said 
that these arrangements were made 
by David according to the Com- 
mandments of the Lord, by his 

After Solomon had completed the 
building of the great temple, we find 
it dedicated to the Lord with elab- 
orate and most impressive services, 
of which music was evidently the 
most prominent part. Tradition 
says, that two hundred silver trum- 
pets, forty thousand harps, forty 
thousand timbrels and two hundred 
thousand singers took part in the 
eventful service, and that this was 
approved of God is evidenced from 
the fact, that, when they lifted their 
voices with the trumpets and cym- 
bals and instruments of music, and 
paised the Lord, saying, " For he is 
good, for his mercy endureth for- 
ever," that then the house was filled 
with a cloud, even the house of the 
Lord, so that the priests could not 
stand to minister by reason of the 
cloud, for the glory of the Lord had 
filled the house of God. God loves 
music, and this is evidenced from the 
fact that music is one of the chief 
employments of saints and angels in 
heaven. The Bible mentions no 
other art as connected with the 
saints' future existence. It says 
distinctly, that one of their occupa- 
tions is the singing of the praises of 
God. If God then has such a high 
regard for music, and has so wonder- 
fully constructed the human voice, 
in making it far superior to any arti- 
ficial instrument ever made, ought 
we not to cultivate this talent to the 
highest degree of proficiency possi- 
ble, so that we may be the better 
qualified to join the angelic host in 
ascribing honor and glory, and 
thanksgiving and praise, unto our 
God for ever and ever. M. 

Old Shoes. 

How much a man is like old shoes ! 

For instance : both a soul may lose ; 

Both have been tanned ; both are made tight 

By cobblers ; both get left and right: 

Both need a mate to be complete, 

And both are made to go on feet. 

They both need heeling, oft are sold, 

And botli in time turn all to mold. 

With shoes the last is first ; with men 

The first shall be the last ; and when 

The shoes wear out they're mended new ; 

When men wear out they're men-dead too. 

They bo1 h are t rod upon, and both 

Will tread on others, nothing loath. 

Both have their ties, and both incline 

When polished in the world to shine; 

And both peg out— and would you choose 

To be a man or be his shoes ? 



Story of the Sistine Chapel. 

About three hundred and eighty- 
years ago, a man was often seen walk- 
ing the streets of Rome who attracted 
curious attention. He was silent, 
solitary, and reserved in demeanor, 
His face revealed an inflexible will, 
and an habitual expression of mel- 
ancholy had settled over his austere 
features. He had achieved fame in 
the Medici Art Gardens ; he had 
basked in the rich sunshine of royal 
favor, and lived in the gorgeous 
palace of Lorenzo the Magnificent. 
He was a native of Florence, and his 
name was Michael Angelo Buona- 
rotti. He possessed a plurality of 
talents, and had already entered upon 
a brilliant career as a sculptor. Pope 
Julius II. heard of this giant of art, 
and it was at his command that 
Michael Angelo went to Rome. With 
great ardor the pope had planned 
the erection of his own mausoleum, 
and was about to entrust the work to 
Michael Angelo, when a superstitious 
fear seized him. It was gravely 
whispered to him, that to build his 
own tomb while he was living " was 
an ill omen ; it would hasten its oc- 
cupancy , "and he decided to postpone 
the project. The fiery spirit of 
Michael Angelo was aroused by this 
delay, and he left Rome in indigna- 
tion, and only returned at Julius' 
urgent entreaty. 

The ambition of the pope was now 
directed into another channel The 
Sistine Chapel was built by Sextus 
1Y. The wall frescoes were com- 
pleted, but the ceiling decorations 
were reserved for a master hand. 
Julius was in doubt as to whom this 
important part should be given, and 
asked advice of the noted architect, 
Bramante. It was an age of intrigue 
and wickedness. Bramante saw, with 
a jealous eye, that the genius of 
Michael Angelo would give him a 
rival, and he determined to thwart 
him. Promptly he urged Pope Julius 
to let him perform the work. He 
knew Michael Angelo had thus far 
practiced but little in frescoing, and 
he thought he would fail on it, and 
his popularity receive a lasting 
blight. Julius followed his counsel, 
but Angelo, instead of being honored 
by being chosen to such a post of 
trust and distinction, was exceed- 
ingly reluctant to engage in it. He 
was a sculptor and had " never used 
colors," he said. Painting was not 
to his mind, and it was new to him. 
His obstinate refusal made the pope 
the more determined that he should. 
He urged and commanded, and 
Michael Angelo at last consented. 

The sacredness and magnitude of 
the work stimulated all his rich gifts 
and energies into action. A scaffold- 
ing was built, and his next step was 
to choose his assistants. Six skilled 
painters were invited to come from 

Florence and work under his direc- 
tion. Their arrival was followed by 
unexpected obstacles. Michael An- 
gelo's giant soul was teeming with 
glorious conceptions which he found 
impossible to transfer in detail to 
others. The master and his men did 
not labor effectively and harmonious- 
ly together, and Angelo, reluctant to 
dismiss them, closed and locked the 
chapel and went out of the city. 
The painters, seeing that they were 
not needed, left also. 

IJntrammeled by any one, Michael 
Angelo now devoted himself exclu- 
sively to the accomplishment of his 
stupendous purpose. In the solemn 
stillness of the chapel, with only one 
color-grinder for a companion, the 
great painter commenced his task 
May, 1508. No one was allowed ac- 
cess to him, save Pope Julius, who 
refused to be denied admittance. 

Soon a part of the first painting 
began to be covered with a slight 
mould. Michael Angelo was in dis- 
may. He hurried to the Pope and 
told him what had happened, and 
said in discouragement : " I told 
your Holiness painting was not my 
profession. All I have painted is 
destro3 7 ed." Julius sent Giuliano di 
San Gallo to the chapel, who discov- 
ered at once that the plaster had 
been made too wet, and the mould 
was only on the surface of the paint- 
ing, and could easily be removed. 

Michael Angelo now resumed his 
labors, and the wonderful creations 
of his mind were slowly conveyed to 
the ceiling. While pressing onward 
he was much annoyed by the impa- 
tience of Pope Julius, who often as- 
cended the ladders of the scaffold 
and put to him a variety of perplex- 
ing questions. During the summer 
of 1509 half of the ceiling was 
finished. Julius was in feverish 
haste to have the first piece exhibi- 
ted to the Romans. Michael Angelo 
was equally anxious to withhold it 
from public inspection till the final 
touches had been given. Julius 
grew angry, and threatened to have 
him hurled from the scaffold, and 
Angelo reluctantly yielded. 

On All Saints' Day the doors were 
thrown open, and crowds of Romans 
quickly filled the chapel. They 
gazed in admiration and astonish- 
ment at the incomparable painting 
they beheld. It surpassed their high- 
est expectations. No words could 
express their delight. 

Angelo toiled on. He grew weary, 
and asked for a short leave of ab- 
sence in midsummer. The pope 
would not grant it. He was in ex- 
treme haste to have the ceiling deco- 
rations completed, and there was 
nothing for Michael Angelo to do 
but obey. Prostrate upon his back, 
with eyes turned upward, his uplift- 
ed hand gave stroke after stroke 

with his brush. The suffocating hot 
air was almost overpowering. Some- 
times this constrained position be- 
came so painful, that he was com- 
pelled to rest. At such times he 
drew from under the pillow of the 
scaffolding couch a copy of the Bible 
and the sermons of Savonorola, and 
from reading gained new courage 
and inspiration for his sacred calling. 

Within four years nine paintings 
were produced. Four represented 
the acts of Creation. The others 
were : The Creation of Eve, Temp- 
tation and Fall, Sacrifice of Noah, 
The Deluge, The Drunkenness of 
Noah. Seven Prophets and five 
Sibyls were portrayed, foretelling 
the coming Saviour. The pope urged 
that some of these paintings be re- 
touched with gold. Angelo object- 
ed. " They are only poor people 
whom I have painted," he replied. 
" They did not wear gold on their 

The Last Judgment, painted for 
the altar of the Sistine Chapel, was 
nearly seventy feet high, and was 
completed in 1541. This is said to 
surpass all his preceding frescoes in 
its power of invention. Angelo next 
turned his universal genius towards 
the perfecting of St. Peter's church, 
and refused all remuneration, con- 
sidering his labors service for God. 
He died in 1553, leaving an irre- 
proachable name — Chrislian Weekly. 

Study of Literature. 


What is literature ? Literature 
consists of all the books — and they 
are not so man}- — where moral truth 
and human passion are touched with 
a certain largeness, sanity, and at- 
traction of form ; and my notion of 
the literary student is one who 
through books explores the strange 
voyages of man's moral reason, the 
impulses of the human heart, the 
chances and changes that have over- 
taken human idels of virtue and 
happiness, of conduct and manners, 
and the shifting fortunes of great 
conceptions of truth and virtue. 
Poets, dramatists, humorists, satir- 
ists, masters of fiction, the great 
preachers, the character writers, the 
maxim writers, the great political or- 
ators ; they are all literature in so 
far as they teach us to know man 
and to know human nature. This is 
what makes literature, rightly sifted 
and selected and rightly studied, 
not the mere elegant trifling that it 
is so often and erroneous^ supposed, 
but a proper instrument for system- 
atic training of the imagination and 
sympathies, and of a genial and va- 
ried moral sensibility. 

There is an idea, and I venture to 
think a very mistaken idea, that you 



cannot have a taste for literature un- 
less you are yourself an author. I 
venture to demur entirely to that 
proposition, and I venture with all 
respect to those who are teachers of 
literature, to demur to the excellence 
and utility of the practice of over- 
much essay writing and composition. 
I have very little faith in rules of 
style, but I have an unbounded faith 
in the virtue of cultivating direct and 
precise expression. It has been said 
a million times that the foundation 
of right expression in speech or 
writing is sincerity. It is as true 
now as it has ever been,- and it is not 
merely the authors of books who 
should study right expression. It is 
a part of character. - As somebody 
has said, by learning to speak with 
precision you learn to think with 
correctness; and firm and vigorous 
speech lies through the cultivation 
of high and noble sympathies. 

The probabilities are that we are 
now coming to an epoch, as it seems 
to me, of a quieter style. There 
have been — one of them, I am happy 
to think, still survives — in our gen- 
eration three great giants of prose 
writing. There was, first of all, Car- 
lyle,then Macaulay, and there is Mr. 
Ruskin. These are all giants, and 
they have the rights of giants. 
Few can bend the bow of Ulysses. 
We are now in progress to a quieter 
style ; and I am not sorry for it, be- 
cause truth is quiet. Milton's phrase 
always lingers in my mind as one of 
imperishable beauty where he re- 
grets that he is drawn by I know 

not what from beholding the bright 
countenance of truth in the quiet 
and still air of delightful studies. I 
think that truth in all its order and 
walks, that quiet moderation and 
judgment, are more than the flash 
and the glitter even of the greatest 
genius. I hope that your professors 
of rhetoric will teach you to culti- 
vate a language in which truth can 
be told — an eloquence without trick, 
without affectation, without man- 
ners, and without any of that ex- 
cessive ambition which overleaps it- 
self as much in prose writing as it 
does in other walks. I have made it 
clear that we conceive the end of ed- 
ucation on its literary side to be to 
make a man and not a cyclopaedia, 
to make a citizen and not a book of 
elegant extracts. Literature does 
not act with knowledge of forms, 
with inventories of books and au- 
thors, with finding of the key of 
rhythm, with the varying measure of 
the stanza, or the changes from 
the involved and sonorous pe- 
riods of the seventeenth century 
down to the staccato of the nine- 
teenth century, or all the rest of 
the technicalities of scholarship. Do 
not think that I contemn these. 
These are good things to know, but 
they are not ends in themselves. 
The intelligent man, says Plato, will 
prize those studies which result in 
his soul getting soberness, righte- 
ousness, and wisdom, and will less 
value the others. 

Literature is one of the instru- 
ments, and most powerful instru- 

ments, for forming character, for 
giving us men and women armed 
with reason, braced by knowledge, 
clothed with steadfastness and 
courage, and inspired by that 
public spirit and virtue of which 
it has been well said that, they 
are the brightest ornaments of 
the mind of man. Bacon is right, as 
he generally is, when he bids us read 
not to contradict and refute, nor to be- 
lieve and take for granted, nor to 
find talk and discourse, but to weigh 
and to consider. And in these times, 
and in the times before us, that prom- 
ise or threaten deep political, eco- 
nomical and social controversy, what 
we need to do is to induce our people 
to weigh and consider. We want 
them to cultivate energy without im- 
patience, activity without restless- 
ness, and inflexibility without ill-hu- 
mor. I am not going to preach to 
you any artificial stoicism. I want 
to preach to you no indifference to 
money or to the pleasures of social 
intercourse, or to the esteem and 
good-will of our neighbors, nor any 
other of the consolations and neces- 
sities of life. But, after all, the thing 
that matters most both for happi- 
ness and duty is that we should 
habitually live with wise thoughts 
and right feelings and tasks. Liter- 
ature helps us more than most studies 
to this most blessed companionship 
of wise thoughts and ready feelings, 
and so I have taken this opportu- 
nity of commending it to your inter- 
est and to your care. 



Courses : 



Fine Arts. 

Eleven Instructors. Expenses Moderate. Surroundings Good. 

It is the aim of the College to place within reach of all who desire it, the best opportunity for re- 
ceiving that culture of mind and heart necessary to future success and usefulness. 

" Special attention paid to securing wholesome moral and religious instruction and influence. 

CALENDAR:~rall Term Opened Sept, 1, 1890. Winter Term Opens Jan, 5, 1551, Spring Term Opens March 30, USI, 

Your patronage is solicited. For further information and Catalogue address : 


President Lebanon Valley College, 


(The (College tforum. 

Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. III. No. 11. 


Whole No. 35. 



E. Bbnj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Sfangler, A. B., cle Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 
A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Ebt, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 


Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FOKUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
live cents. Subscriptions received at any 

For terms of advertising, address the 
ublishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


This issue was delaj^ed a few days 
bhat it might contain a full report 
)f the inauguration of President 


Several students have been se- 
mred for our Winter term. If our 
friends will bestir themselves, and 
talk Lebanon Yalley College to our 
roung people, there will be a large 
increase in the attendance. 

The oration of Dr. Eberly at the 
inaugural was one of the best efforts 
of his life. We have never heard 
him speak more fluently and more 
learnedly. We hope, in the near 
future, to give the entire address to 
our readers. 

many kind words received from the 
graduates, old scholars, friends with- 
in and without the church, indicate 
the interest and confidence manifest- 
ed in the new administration. 

A number of subscriptions have 
expired. Without renewal, the 
Forum will not make its visits. 
We would like to retain all our old 
subscribers and add many new ones 
to our list. This can be done by 
at once remitting twenty-five cents 
in stamps. 

The account of the inaugural 
of President Bierman will be inter- 
esting reading to all friends of the 
college. His words show his posi- 
tion to be one of active, aggressive 
work. With the co-operation of the 
whole church, he promises to make 
the college a grand success. 

A reception was given the faculty 
and students on the evening of No- 
vember 1st, by President and Mrs. 
Bierman, at their home. The even- 
ing was spent very pleasantly. Re- 
freshments were served. All left 
about ten o'clock, feeling that then- 
President and his excellent lady 
knew how to entertain and make 
their guests enjoy themselves. 

A new era has been inaugurated 
in the history of the college. The 

There is not one in the East who 
would not like to see Lebanon Val 
ley College crowded with students, 
having a large productive endow- 
ment, and increased facilities. If 
talk and wishes could do it, what an 
ideal college we would have. Some- 
how it is all talk and wishes-. There 
is not doing. If it only was so, but 
no one sets at work those forces 
which are to bring about the desired 
result. If our Lebanon Yalley Col- 
lege is to be a credit to the church 
who gave her existence, there must 
be concentrated action, united and 

constant prayer and a general awak- 
ening in her behalf. 

Why is not the attendance larger 
than it is ? Is it because there is a 
scarcity of young people in the 
church? or because our people are 
not interested in the education of 
their children ? Wherein lies the 
cause ? There surely is one. It can- 
not be that the young people of the 
church are less. Facts prove the 
very opposite. Besides, our young 
people are progressive and avail 
themselves of advantages. They 
are awake to the demands the pres- 
ent has upon them. That the fault 
is with our people may not be the 
truth. If not the truth, it seems to 
be a semblance of it. There is not 
that whole soul-interest that assures 
a hearty co-operation. If there was 
a live-interest, more would be done. 
To bring about a hearty and full co- 
operation, there must be more earn- 
est prayer. When the praying is 
from the heart, works always follow. 

The Inauguration. 

No event of greater interest to 
the friends of our college has occur- 
red for many years than the inaugu- 
ration of our new President, Prof. 

In accordance with previous an- 
nouncement many of our trustees, 
the members of the faculty, the stu- 
dents, visitors from Harrisburg, 
Lebanon, Reading and Lancaster, 
Philadelphia, York and other dis- 
tant points, with an unusually large 
number of the citizens of Annville, 
assembled in the college chapel on 
the evening of Thursday, October 
30th, to witness the interesting cere- 
monies. Under the direction of the 
Juniors the chapel was tastefully 
decorated, and all other details, 
namely, the seating of the audience, 
etc., exceedingly well managed. 

Prof. EL Clay Deaner, senior pro- 
fessor, presided, and by his judicious 
direction gave evidence that he is no 
novice in the chair. 

The music for the occasion was 



prepared by Prof. Lehman, and the 
manner in which the iEolian Quar- 
tett acquitted itself only added new 
laurels to his fame as a teacher. 
Two choice solos were rendered dur- 
ing the exercises, one by Miss Car- 
rie G. Eby, class of '81, our teacher 
of vocal culture, and the other by 
Mrs. Simon P. Light, class of '81, of 
Lebanon. The former did most ad- 
mirably, and the latter not only sus- 
tained her widely known reputation 
for fine singing, but won new favor. 

The opening prayer was offered 
bv the Rev. Isaac H. Albright, class 
of '76, of York, Pa. The address 
of welcome on behalf of the students 
was delivered by the Rev. William 
H. Washinger, class of '91. After 
discussing in a very graceful manner 
the relation of the student to the 
college and vise versa, and referring 
to the importance of the ceremo- 
nies of the evening, the speaker 
closed by heartily welcoming the 
new President. The Rev. H. B. 
Dohner, class of '78, Presiding El- 
der of the Lancaster District, spoke 
as the representative of the Alumni 
Association. In the consideration 
of his subject, the relation of the 
alumnus to his alma mater, Mr. 
Dohner only proved himself anew a 
thoughtful speaker. 

The orator selected for the occa- 
sion, the Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., 
then delivered an address on " Col- 
legiate Education," which gave every 
evidence of careful preparation and 
maturity of thought, taking strong 
ground for the standard classical 
course as now recognized by all the 
best colleges of our land, and show- 
ing by forcible argument and apt il- 
lustrations the adaptability of the 
ancient classics and the higher mathe- 
matics to secure the best mental cul- 
ture. The thought was also ad- 
vanced that God may in his wisdom 
have overruled the continued use of 
the now so-called dead languages 
and thus secure a repository for 
treasuring up his revealed word for 
all future generations. The doctor 
was in his happiest mood and never 
did any audience listen to an abler 
or more eloquent defense of a thor- 
ough collegiate education than he 
made on that evening. 

At the close of Dr. Eberly 's ad- 
dress, the Rev. Mr. Spayd, who was 
delegated to act in the absence of 
the President of the Board of Trus- 
tees, stepped forward and in a few 
well chosen and appropriate words 
handed the keys of the college and 
charter to the new President. The 
trust was accepted in fitting words 
by Professor Bierman, after which 
he delivered his inaugural address. 

After defining what a college in 
its best sense is, and discussing the 
various theories advanced as to what 
a college should teach and how far 

the practical should enter, the 
speaker said education ought to be 
a gymnastic to all our powers. A 
process that will brace every muscle 
of the body to its manly use, that 
will stimulate and strengthen the in- 
tellect by wisely directed exorcise, 
that will evoke the emotional sus- 
ceptibilities, and that will elevate 
and purify our moral nature. 

The popular education demanded 
hy extreme practical men may indeed 
stimulate the desire for money by 
furnishing abilities for its acquisi- 
tion, but the College must aim higher 
and bear its students above the re- 
gion of utilitarianism. We shall aim 
to send forth men and women com- 
plete in all things, of whom success 
in life may be predicted with reason- 
able certainty, who are so well de- 
veloped and so amply supplied with 
knowledge, whose moral nature is so 
full, so strong and so well trained as 
to make their advent in any com- 
munity a blessing. A College having 
these high aims and equipping its 
students for life's battles, thus is a 
blessing in itself and a blessing to 
those in whose midst it finds a home. 
The speaker then gave an interesting 
sketch of the origin of Lebanon Val- 
ley College and of its progress and 
work to date. 

Now, after twenty-three years of 
earnest toil and manly effort, what 
has been accomplished. The first 
class consisting of three members 
was graduated in June, 1870, and 
annually since then we have sent out 
our sons and daughters until our 
graduates number one hundred and 
fifty -nine. 

Over thirty per cent of these are 
preaching the blessed gospel of our 
Lord Jesus Christ ; others are hold- 
ing professorships in College, prac- 
ticing medicine, law, or are engaged 
in some honorable business calling. 
Man} 7 of the students that spent a 
year or more with us, but who never 
completed a course, are also filling 
equally honorable positions in church 
or State. 

Of the future success of Lebanon 
Yalley College there can be no doubt, 
but as to how soon we shall take a 
place among the first-class Colleges 
of our land, the wisdom of our Board 
of Trustees and the liberality of our 
friends will determine. The work 
was inaugurated by men who can make 
it a success and it will be cared for. 
The College has been a blessing to 
this town, in that it has stimulated 
industry, diffused intelligence, intro- 
duced improvements, refined the 
public taste, provoked new enter- 
prises, extended acquaintance and 
elevated the whole platform of so- 
ciety. The College has been a bless- 
ing to the church, in that it has been 
the means of partially preparing 
scores of young men for the ministry 

and other places of usefulness. Our 
own Bishop declares in a recentcom- 
munication to our church paper that 
"the good work of Lebanon Yalley 
College is plainly visible upon the 
members of the Conference." 

This is not the time nor the place 
to project new financial schemes, or 
to discuss plans or methods of future 
operations, but rest assured that no 
effort shall be spared and no means 
remain untried to make Lebanon 
Yalley College what its founders 
contemplated it should be, and to 
keep pace with the advancing move- 
ments of the times. 

After expressing his high appre- 
ciation of the distinguished honor 
the Trustees have conferred upon 
him in calling him to the Presidency, 
and his thanks for the united and 
hearty support tendered by his learn- 
ed associates of the Faculty immedi- 
ately after his election, and expres- 
sions of gratification to be permitted 
to labor among the young men and 
women of the institution, the Presi- 
dent closed by saying, "And, now 
and here, I dedicate my service, all 
the gifts God has given me, and my 
twenty-five years' experience in the 
profession of teaching to your ser- 
vice and to the promotion of the best 
interests and permanent success of 
Lebanon Yallej r College." 

The address was well received by all 
present and was heartily applauded. 

The benediction was pronouneed 
by the Rev. M. J. Mumma, and the 
audience dispersed. The rostrum 
was occupied by the members of the 
Faculty, Trustees of the College, 
Visiting Clergymen and Repre- 
sentatives from other Educational 
Institutions. Among them was Prof. 
Thomas S. Stein, of Schuylkill Sem- 
inary, a former student of the College. 
After the close of the exercises mem- 
bers of the Faculty, students and 
friends came forward to tender con- 
The following letters were received: 

Lafayette College, "I 
Easton, Pa. j 
Dear President Bierman : — Accept my 
heartiest salutations. I look for great 
and good things under your able, consci- 
entious and vigorous Presidency. 

S. J. Coffin. 

Lewisburg, Pa. 
My Dear Professor: — I congratulate 
Lebanon Valley College on its outlook for 
increased usefulness and prosperity. I 
have no doubt whatever but that the Col- 
lege will have a new lease of intellectual 
life under your management, and wish 
you the most abundant success and per- 
sonal happiness in your new field. 

Yours very truly, 

Howard Miller. 

Otterbein University, 1 
Westerville, Ohio. / ( 
My Dear President: — I assure you it 
would give me great pleasure to assist- 
as the French say — at your installation. 
















The recollection of three years of pleasant 
association w ith you is fresh in my mind. 
I trust that by God's help you may be 
able to pilot the College through its little 
troubles to enlarged usefulness and to a 
larger place in the affection of our people 
in the East. Sincerely yours, 

L. H. McFadden. 

Iowa State University, > 
Iowa City, Iowa. $ 
My Esteemed Teacher a<d Friend: — I 
take sincere satisfaction to learn that you 
have persuaded yourself to accept the 
burden of leadership in old "Lebanon 
Valley." You understand the needs of 
that section of the church. You can 
speak both languages and I know you can 
reach the people. God bless you and 
direct you. Yours truly, 

Isaac A. Loos. 

Pekin, Illinois. 
Esteemed Friend and President : — Ac- 
cept my congratulations. In calling you 
to the Presidency of my Alma Mater the 
Trustees have exercised great wisdom, 
the students will reap the benefit and 
the college will prosper. May God abun- 
dantly bless you. 

Sarah Burns. 

Deprt. of Public Instruction, ) 
Harrisburg, Pa. $ 
Dear F'iend : — I would like very much 
to attend the inauguration exercises on 
Thursday night, but I fear I shall have 
to forego that pleasure. With many good 
wishes for your success in the new and 
important field to which you have been 
called, I am very respec tfully yours, 

Henry Houck. 

Baltimore, Md. 
My Dear Brother : — Accept my hearty 
congratulations upon your election to the 
Presidency of Lebanon Valley College — 
a position which you are so very well 
qualified to fill. May the great Head of 
the church give great prosperity in your 
new relation to the college and the church. 
Yours fraternally, C. A. Burtner. 

Pittsburg, Pa., Union Station. 
I sincerely regret that I cannot be at 
the Inaugural which I believe marks an 
important epoch in the history of the 
college * * * * Patient 
toil alone will make Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege a strong institution. You have the 
patience for the "building up" process. 
Plant, water, and God will give the in- 
crease. In this worthy effort you have 
my prayer. Fraternally, 

J. H. Kurtz. 

greatly flourish under your administra- 
tion. May you long reign ! 

Yours, S. E. Drummond. 

Office of Principal of Schools, 


Dear Sir : — Allow me to congratulate 
you upon your promotion to the highest 
place in old Lebanon Valley College. I 
wish you much success and tender you 
my hearty support. Yours, 

H. Lenich Meyer. 

Hamburg, Pa. 
My Dear Sir : — I beg you to accept my 
congratulations. With sincere and best 
wishes for a long, prosperous and happy 
future for yourself and the institution 
over which you are called to preside, I 
remain very respectfully , 

Oliver D. Schock. 

Philadelphia and Reading R. R. ) 
General Agent's Office, > 
Harrisburg, Pa. ) 
I congratulate you upon the honor 
conferred upon you and wish you abun- 
dant success. Respectfully yours 

John W. Lott. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Dear Professor Bierman : — Allow me to 
congratulate you upon the distinguished 
honor conferred upon you. Your emi- 
nent abilities will grace any position, and 
the Trustees of Lebanon Valley College 
will realize the wisdom of their action 
in years to come. Yours sincerely, 

E. Greenbank, M. D. 

Montreal, Canada, Queen's Block. 

Dear Mr. President : — I am delighted to 
learn that you have been elected Presi- 
dent of Lebanon Valley College. Allow 
me to congratulate you heartily upon the 
honor. I remember the good and faith- 
ful work you did in the College years ago, 
when I was a member of the I^aculty. I 
believe you are the very man for the 
place. I have no doubt the College will 

New Holland, Pa. 
Success to Lebanon Valley College is 
my prayer and earnest desire. 

Z. A. Weidler. 

U. B. Seminary, Dayton, Ohio. 
Put us down as warm personal friends 
of our Alma Mater. May her prosperity 
during the present administration be un- 
excelled, both in her general sphere of 
usefulness and her financial enlargement. 
B. F. Daugherty, 
A. A. Long, 
Joseph Daugherty, 
J. E. Kleffman, 

Glass '87 

Washington, D. C. 
The College is to be congratulated in 
securing the services of Prof. Bierman, 
whose experience and proficiency in edu- 
cational work are synonyms of success. 
With President Bierman at the helm, may 
she bravely stem the tide that threatens 
her existence, and be ushered into a new 
era of prosperity. Long Live Lebanon 
Valley College, an honor to her graduates, 
an inspiration to her students, and a 
blessing to the Church. 

Reno S. Harp, Glass '£7. 

Washington, D. C. 
I regret that I cannot be present at the 
inauguration of President Bierman. For 
the last ten days, I have been sick, and 
now am hardly able to be out of bed. 
But I shall be with you in spirit at your 
inaugural service ; and my prayer is that 
God will favor the occasion with his bles- 
sed presence, giving courage, comfort 
and wisdom to all the friends of the col- 
lege, for whose success I would give my 
right arm. C. I. B. Brane, 

President Board of Trustees. 

Clay, Pa. 
I assure you that President Bierman 
shall have my earnest support, in all his 
efforts to make Lebanon Valley College a 
success. H. E. Steinmetz, 

Class '74. 

Waynesboro, Pa. 
I am compelled to tender my regret at 

my inability to attend the inauguration 
of my friend, Prof. E. B. Bierman, as 
President of Lebanon Valley College, 
being out of the State. 

James R. Kenney, 
Ex-Mayor of Reading, Pa. 

New Haven, Conn., \ 
Yale Post Graduate Department. / 
The invitation to be present at the in- 
auguration of Prof. E. B. Bierman as 
President of Lebanon Valley College, just 
received. I am sure I should like to be 
present. An inauguration like this marks 
an epoch, and this one, it seems to me, is 
of particular interest to all the friends of 
the institution. There are few things that 
interest me more than the prosperity of 
our educational work in the East. Con- 
vey to President Bierman my greeting 
and sincere wish that prosperity may at- 
tend all his labors. 

W. S. Ebersole. 

Westerville, Ohio. 
Please convey to the new President my 
congratulations and best wishes for him- 
self and the College under his administra- 
tion. W. J. Zuck. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
I regret very much that I find myself 
unable to be present at the inauguration 
of Prof. Bierman as President of Leb- 
anon Valley College. With kindest re- 
gards to President Bierman, and best 
wishes for the prosperity of Lebanon 
Valley College. 

J. H. Shopp, 
Attorney-at-Law . 


[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Light have re- 
cently taken a trip to Tennessee. 

President Bierman spent the 21st 
and 22d in Philadelphia on business. 

Ex-President Kephart has been 
elected a vice president of the State 
Sabbath School Association. 

Mrs. Jennie Neikirk, of Keedys- 
ville, Md., sister of Prof. Beaner, is 
now visiting the Professor. 

Mr. Grant Shaeffer is again pur- 
suing his studies. For two weeks 
he was at the bedside of his sick 

The College Quartette furnished 
music at the church-sociable of Ot- 
terbein U. B. church, Harrisburg, 
October 1 6th. 

A brilliant company of friends 
gathered at the home of Mrs. E. P. 
Funk, of Annville, on Thursday 
evening, October 30th, to witness 
the marriage of Rev. E. S. Bowman, 
to her daughter, Miss Lulu, both of 
the class of '90. The decorations, 
which were of autumnal leaves, and 
beautifully arranged, consisted of an 
arch. From its centre the marriage 
bell was suspended, under which the 
ceremony was performed. The wed- 
ding party entered the room as Miss 
Carrie Eby, Professor of Vocal Mu- 
sic in Lebanon Valley College,played 
Mendelssohn's Wedding March. The 


bride, leaning upon the arm of her 
mother, attired in a blue traveling 
suit, was preceded by the groom, 
escorted by Mr. W. M. Hain. Miss 
Emma Wolfe was bridesmaid, and 
Prof. A. H. Gerberich best man. 
The ceremony was performed by 
Rev. J. B. Funk, of Lancaster, 
assisted by Ex-President C. J. Kep- 
hart, of Lebanon. The reception 
followed, after which Mr. and Mrs. 
Bowman started for a wedding tour 
amid the best wishes of their many 

Chestnut Picnic. 

By request of the Juniors, Friday, 
October 3d, was granted by the fac- 
ulty on which to hold the annual 
" Chestnut Picnic; " and to this time 
all looked forward with anticipations 
of a pleasant and enjoyable time. 
We were warranted in this by the 
fact that former occasions of like 
character proved to be happy events 
in the seeming monotony of college 
life; and further from the fact that 
the Juniors made every effort to 
make it the best and most happy oc- 
casion of the kind in the history of 
the college since the institution of 
the annual event. And they are not 
the slowest kind of a class either. 
Let this be said to their praise. 

But bright as were the anticipa- 
tions of all concerned, and many as 
were the wishes for a beautiful day, 
old Pluvious was not content that 
the class of '92 should bear off the 
"palm;" and therefore all day on 
Thursday he gave forth his threats 
in defiance of the anticipations and 
preparations of the laudably ambi- 
tious class. During Thursday night 
there were unmistakable signs of 
foul weather, for Jupiter had ordered 
Pluvious to display the Irishman's 
signal: "cloudy all round and pour- 
ing down in the middle." 

The class, with characteristic mag- 
nanimity, had arranged to conve}^ 
the school to Mt. Gretna, where they 
intended to "turn the entire crowd 
at large" and leave each one to his 
peculiarities in the way of enjoyment 
and pleasure. In addition to this 
they had also arranged for that most 
delightful part of a picnic : the din- 
ner. But, " whether it rain or whether 
it shine," we would not miss that; 
for instead of partaking of it from 
the rustic tables at Gretna we suc- 
ceeded in making an appropriation 
of it to our wants and comforts in 
the old "Dining Hall." And for 
this dinner we are under special ob- 
ligations to the class of '92 ; for 
special dinners with us are as rare as 
special occasions. 

But none would say that the din- 
ner in the " Dining Hall " had the 
same relish as it would have had 
at Gretna, for a sandwich at a 
picnic is worth a pumpkin pie on j 

a table at the college, and a chicken 
in the " bush" is worth two at home. 
Association, of course, makes all 
the difference in the world in mat- 
ters of this kind ; and what is more 
annoying than to be obliged to eat 
a picnic dinner where we have grown 
tired of that peculiar hash called 
monotony. But alas for a change ! 
alas for the " spice of life !" for they 
are not ours until another season. 

Well, Friday morning came and 
with it the sunshine. But all was un- 
certainty and on every hand one might 
hear the interrogation : " Are they 
going?" but as often the answer came, 
" I don't know." Nine o'clock came, 
when all assembled for the regular 
chapel service ; and here it was an- 
nounced, that, owing to the muddy 
roads and the wet and damp woods, 
it would not be advisable to venture 
to the mountains until there were 
more favorable significations as to 
a day sufficiently pleasant to make 
the mountain a fit place for a day's 

Other arrangements had been made 
for the day, however, should the 
weather prove too inhospitable. Alas! 
" Procrastination is the thief of time!" 
for the day turned out to be very 
beautiful, in the afternoon at least. 
Therefore, in accord with the substi- 
tuted arrangement, they celebrated 
one part of the "Chestnut Picnic" 
in the G3^mnasium and the more im- 
portant part in the Dining Hall. 
And now all was over, with the ex- 
ception that during the afternoon a 
Senior and Sophomore contrived to- 
gether, because of certain collegiate 
relations, to outdo the Juniors and 
succeeded in playing a small joke 
upon them by taking the Juniors' 
" gala day " on which to plant their 
laurels as gallant braves, doing and 
daring for the fair sex of the college 
by taking them out driving. Now 
let us hear the words of the " Quaker 
Poet :" 

"Of all sad words of tongue or pen 
The saddest are these, it might have 

But let us not lay this charge upon 
the class of '92, for the} 7 were earnest 
in making preparations for the occa- 
sion ; and certainly for the intended 
kindness, they deserve the thanks 
and appreciations of all concerned. 

The Lecture Course. 

The intelligence of a community 
is largely measured by its love for 
knowledge. This may be obtained 
through the schools, from the ros- 
trum by some prominent lecturers or 
from some other available source. 
We can scarcely conceive of a man 
or a community that is thirsting 
after knowledge that does not appre- 
ciate or patronize a good lecture 
course. Especially when a lecture 
course is gotten up for the purpose 

of elevating the mind and refining 
the taste. For a number of years 
the students of Lebanon Yalley Col- 
lege and the citizens of Annviile 
have been privileged to attend a 
course of lectures each year which 
compare favorably with the courses 
in our large cities. Men like Joseph 
Cook, Dr. James Hedley, Robert J. 
Burdette, Rev. Russell H. Conwell, 
Rev. Robert Nourse and Rev. J. 
DeWitt Miller have appeared on the 
course. Women like Mrs. Mary 
Livermore and Belva Lockwood 
have graced the rostrum. We are 
proud of the lecture courses of pre- 
vious years. We are prouder yet of 
the course which has been arranged 
for this season. The first lecture of 
the course was delivered by Rev. 
Russell H. Conwell, of Philadelphia, 
on the evening of the 14th ult. We 
need not introduce him to our read- 
ers. He is noted as a minister, 
author, lecturer and president. But 
few men perform the work he does. 
He has been on the platform for 
twenty-five years. He has sixteen 
lectures. None of them is more 
popular than " Acres of Diamonds," 
which he delivered on the 14th ult. 
He delivered this lecture more than 
one thousand times. His object is 
to do good. Again and again he re- 
ceives letters from young men and 
women telling him of the good they 
received from this lecture. Many a 
man has been saved from ruin. Many 
a mother saved from grief. Many 
a home unbroken because of the 
good advice — the wholesome truths 
given in this lecture. Rev. Conwell 
is President of Temple College, 
in Philadelphia — a college estab- 
lished for the poor boys and girls. 
There are one hundred and ninety- 
one } r oung men in the college who 
propose entering the ministry. His 
congregation supports seven mis- 
sions. He has three ministers to aid 
him in his work. The next on the 
course was a concert by " The 
Boston Ideal Banjo, Mandolin and 
Guitar Club." Five gentlemen com- 
pose the club. Each one is a thor- 
ough musician in his line and has 
had a concert career of not less than 
ten years — an experience which gives 
them a confidential and easy bearing 
on the stage. The club gave a con- 
cert at the Lebanon County Insti- 
tute last year and gave entire satis- 
faction. One of the most important 
features of the performance is 
the quartette singing, with ac- 
companiment by banjos and guitars. 
The songs are generally Southern 
melodies, and possess the comic ele- 
ment without any coarseness or any- 
thing that could in any way wound 
the most sensitive natures. 

A. Minor Griswold will appear on 
the evening of January 26th, and 
take us round the world. It is said 



that those who want to laugh and 
grow fat should join Mr. Griswold's 
audience. His lecture is illustrated. 
He exhibits during the evening over 
one hundred beautiful and striking 
stereopticon views. The lecture is 
said to be lively, witty, picturesque, 
entertaining and occasionally a seri- 
ous discourse upon what may be seen 
in going up and down the world by 
one who has had more or less of its 
ups and downs. Mr. Griswold is 
known the world over as the : ' Fat 
Contributor " and editor of the 
famous illustrated humorous paper, 
the Texas Si/tings. He is the king 
of humorists. He is original and 
exceedingly funny, the kind of fun 
that makes one laugh, yet it is fun 
without the least bit of vulgarity. 
The next on the course is Rev. G. 
M. Klepfer. He has been in the 
held for a number of years. His 
subjects, " A Family Quarrel and. 
What Came of It," " Common Sense 
and Genius" and " The Mistakes of 
the Devil " are highly appreciated. 
He is pastor of the Methodist Trin- 
ity church, at Danville, Pa. His ser- 
vices are especially demanded at in- 
stitutes and colleges. The last on 
the course will be John F. Miller, 
character impersonator and humor- 
ist. He believes that " A little fun 
now and then is relished by the 
best of men." He is said to produce 
a very large laugh for so small a 
man. He is said to possess a won- 
derful voice ; very flexible and under 
good control. As a dialect and 
character impersonator he stands in 
the first rank. His repertoire is said 
to comprise about one hundred se- 
lections, many of them original. He 
generally gives a mixed programme 
of two parts. Part first consists of 
stories, pathetic and humorous re- 
citals (in evening dress). Part sec- 
ond consists in character imperso- 
nations (in quick change costumes). 

We have given a brief description 
of those who are to appear on the 
[ course. If you wish to be benefited 
, patronize this excellent lecture 
course. W. 

The Christian Association. 

Miss Hattie Dyer, State Secretary 
of the Y. W. C. A., spent a few days 
among the college girls in the interest 
of Association work. She was warm- 
ly welcomed by the many friends she 
had made during a former visit, and 
won for herself many more among 
persons interested in christian work 
for the young. The associations of 
the college cannot but be strength- 
ened by her timely suggestions and 
courageous words of warning. 

To the young ladies she came es- 
pecially with a strong appeal for ac- 
tive christian work. Most touching- 
ly did she plead the cause of imperil- 
ed young women in this land, laying 

upon the hearts of our college girls 
the duties they owe to the hundreds 
who are without the restraining in- 
fluence of christian homes and chris- 
tian companionship. The work of the 
Y. W. C. A. is essentially preventa- 
tive, not to lift up the fallen, but to 
keep the young in the right path — 
to lead away from temptation — to 
point to Christ. 

Her meetings were unusually in- 
teresting and profitable. The gospel 
meeting for girls only on the evening 
of the 4th was well attended. Miss 
Dyer spoke with much feeling of her 
work, giving us a glimpse of the suf- 
fering and temptations of the great 
world — suffering and temptations 
that to us in the security of a chris- 
tian atmosphere seems almost unreal. 
But, alas, to thousands not so favor- 
ably situated as we, they are terrible 
realities. Girls, thank God every 
day of your life for the christian at- 
mosphere which you breath, but 
don't forget the many, many less 
fortunate than 3'ou, who may need 
your help to keep in the path of 

A general service was held Sab- 
bath morning (12th), led by Miss 
Steffey ; Miss Dyer gave a Bible 
reading on God's newspaper. What 
a wonderful newspaper it is which 
gives us such editorials as Ex. xx. 
1-11; John xiii. 34, and correspond- 
ence like John ii. 12-14; Isa. i. 18. 
Read the thrilling story in Luke 
xv. 11-32, and the advertisements in 
John xiv. 2; Isa. li. 1; xxxxv. 22; 
and no one is neglected in the per- 
sonals, John iii. 16 ; vi. 31. 

We regret very much that the as- 
sociation work is to lose Miss Dyer 
soon, as she will probably sail, in 
May, for India, where she will en- 
gage in missionary work. She goes 
willingly at the call of the Master, 
and will doubtless be followed by 
the prayers of the hundreds of girls 
whose lives she had influenced in re- 
cent years. 


Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Preparations for the anniversary 
are moving along nicely. 

All of the Clionians attended the 
birthday party given by Mr. and Mrs. 
Brightbill, in honor of their daugh- 
ter Annie. 

Misses Quigley. Musser, and Steh- 
man spent several days in Mount- 
ville while the conference was in 
session. _ 

The Misses Saylor and Klmger 
have joined our ranks. To you we 
extend a hearty welcome and greet- 
in <»• May the year's work with us 
prove to you a pleasure and help as 
well as a benefit to us all. 

Cards announcing the marriage 
of Lillie C. Mark, Class '87, to A. 
Laurance Ball, of Cambridgeport, are 
out. The Clionians wish them a 
" Bon Voyage" on the matrimonial 

On the 30 inst. at the home of the 
bride, Loula Funk, Class '90, to Rev. 
E. S. Bowman, of Greencastle, Pa. 
The society wishes them a long and 
happy life. 

Several of our girls were permit- 
ted to hear the New York " Phil- 
harmonic Club" at Lebanon. The 
music was of a classical nature, and 
was enjoyed by all. 

Mrs. Gej-er, Class '80, of Catawissa, 
is visiting her father. 

Our programmes are being admira- 
bly executed. The topics are of such 
a nature that we cannot help but be 
interested, as they are among the 
leading questions of the day. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

During the last month we have 
continued the interesting and ben- 
eficial meetings. " In unity there 
is strength." This characterizes our 
work perhaps more than at any 
other time during the past few 

It is quite interesting to hear the 
younger members debating different 
questions open for discussion. 

We, as students, should feel highly 
honored that we have such great ad- 
vantages in society work, while at 
the larger colleges the students have 
not these opportunities ; they are 
crowded to such an extent that they 
perform only a few times during the 
entire j^ear and in fact are not al- 
lowed to attend only when their re 
spective performances are to be de- 

The benefit derived from the so- 
cieties is in fact half of our College 
course ; therefore, let each one have 
a greater determination to accom- 
plish more. 

The programmes have been made 
various and spicy by the present ^ 
censor, Mr. G. D. Needy, and have 
been rendered creditably to all. 

The addresses the last three even- 
ings have been: The character of 
the authors of the Elizabethan 
period and their works ; Literary 
Societies and culture, and the pres- 
ent treatment of the Indian. 

The debates w r ere, 

Resolved, That the poetical writers 
of the Elizabethan Age exerted a 
greater influence upon literature and 
science than the prose writers; the 
stage is demoralizing to society, and 
the Negro has received greater ill- 
treatment at the hands of the Amer- 
ican people than the Indian. These 
questions are of such a character 
that all may express their different 

The following named gentlemen 
have united with us this term: Mr. 
H. B. Yohn, of Mountville, Pa., and 
Mr. B. B. Fishburn, of Lebanon, Pa. 
Mr. Yohn is a regular student in the 
institution, while Mr. Fishburn is not 
attending at present but expects to 
in the near future. 

Mr. H. B. Yohn spent a few dasy 
at home attending the regular exer- 
cises of East Pennsylvania Confer- 
ence. He reports having a very 
pleasant time. 

Mr. G. D. Needy, class '93, at- 
tended and took an active part in 
the entertainment of the Y. P. C. U. 
of Linglestown, Pa., Saturday and 
Sunday, the 11th and 12th ult. On 
Saturday evening he spoke upon the 
Importance of Active Work in the 
Y. P. C. IT. ; Sunday' afternoon, 
Sunshine and Darkness ; the same 
evening, Great Events Hang Upon 
Little Things. He speaks very highly 
of the people with whom he associ- 
ted. Mr. Feeser, an ex-member, is 
President of the organization. 

Mr. E. L. Hershey is w ith us every 
Friday evening. He takes an active 
part in the programmes. He is now 
clerking in one of the principal 
drug stores of Lebanon, Pa. By his 
active work he may be called an 
earnest and energetic "seeker of the 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

"Esse Quam Videri.'''' 

Rev. Russell H. Conwell deliv- 
ered his popular lecture, " Acres 
of Diamonds," in the college chapel 
on the 14th ult. He told us that 
greatness is doing great deeds with 
small means. Quite a number en- 
joyed the lecture for the second 

The Boston Ideal Banjo, Mando- 
lin and Guitar Club will give a con- 
cert on the evening of the 10th inst. 

Quite a number of the boys at- 
tended the East Pennsylvania Con- 
ference, which convened at Mount- 
* ville on the 8th ult. 

Rev. H. B. Spayd, an ex-member 
of the P. L. S., was appointed to 
Annville Station. He attended L. 
Y. C. several years, after which he 
went to the U. B. Seminary and 
completed the course. He has been 
successful in his work Avherever he 
has been. His congregation at Sha- 
mokin were loath to part with him. 
We- bespeak for him the hearty co- 
operation of the students and mem- 
bers at Annville. 

Rev. S. C. Enck was returned to 
his charge at Ruhle's Station. The 
members showed their appreciation 
of his work during last conference 
year by presenting him with a line 
gold watch. 

Rev. II. M. Miller was returned to 

Schaefferstown circuit. His success 
last year was remarkable. His con- 
gregation presented him with a fine 
overcoat and eighteen dollars in 
money at the close of his revival. 

Rev. S. D. Faust was returned 
to Boas street church, Harrisburg. 
He has succeeded nobly in the 
work. He is a preacher of remark- 
able ability, possessing the qualities 
that lead to success. As an appre- 
ciation of his work the members 
raised his salary last year from 
seven hundred and fifty dollars to 
nine hundred. 

Rev. A. L. Shannon was appointed 
pastor on Pequea circuit. He has 
had experience in the w r ork and has 
the spirit which should characterize 
all ministers in their labors of love. 

Among the other ex-Philokosmians 
we were permitted to greet were Revs. 
Y. A. Weidler, H. G. Clair Bosler 
and Sanders. 

Rev. Joseph K. Wagner, class 
'88, called on his friends at the col- 
lege on the 11th ult. He graduated 
at the U. B. Seminary last June. 
He had charge of a congregation in 
Kansas until a few weeks ago. He 
expects to take work in the Pennsyl- 
vania Conference, which convenes 
in February next. 

We were pleased to see Rev. E. 
S. Bowman, class '90, in our midst 
on the 14th and 15th ult. He did 
not fail to hear "Acres of Dia- 
monds." Rev. Bowman has charge 
of the Greencastle TJ. B. church. 
He reported large congregations and 
is meeting with grand success. 

Messrs. H. IT. Roop, H. B. Roop, 
J. D. Rice, S. C. Huber, D. S. Eshle- 
man and H. W. Crider viewed the 
sights at Steelton on Saturday, 23d 
ult. They then proceeded to High- 
spire,where they spent Sunday as the 
guests of Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Roop. 

Messrs. G. K. Hartman and Hor- 
ace W. Crider were delegates to the 
State Y. M. C. A., which convened 
at Danville, Pa., on the 23d ult. 
They report an interesting time — 
plenty of food both for intellect and 

The following programme was ren- 
dered on the evening of the 17th 

Address, Flirting as it Appears to me, 


Quartette, " Silver Tone." 

Address, Women's Influence. 

Address, My Choice. 


Debate. Resolved, That Women Consti- 
tute the Mannerless Sex. 
Duet, " Living Thoughts." 

The Misses Sherriek, Burtner, 
Strickler and Walmer spent the even- 
ing in our midst. The debate was 
of special interest to the ladies. 
The question was decided in favor 
of the Negative speakers. This de- 
cision met the approval of the ladies. 

Miss Sherriek gave us an interesting 

We are pleased to acknowledge a 
spicy and instructive letter from 
Reno. S. Harp, of Washington, D. C. 


All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

There was not as much interest mani- 
fested in the "Corner" as we had hoped, 
so we concluded to discontinue this feature 
of the Forum. But several inquiries have 
been made regarding it and the informa- 
tion has come to us that some parties had 
subscribed chiefly for the entertainment 
the Corner furnished. 

We therefore take courage and will en- 
deavor to have something from month to 
month to interest our mathematical 
friends. But in order to succeed in this 
we ask again, as we have done before, 
lend us a helping hand. Indicate to us in 
some way about what kind of matter 
would interest most, and then contribute 
something occasionally. Especially send 
solutions to problems, and problems for 
solution. Or send short spicy articles on 
anything pertaining to mathematics, or 
ask any questions along that line, and all 
will receive attention. Not all may be 
answered because we may not be able, 
but the question would be interesting 


A number of friends have asked us for 
a solution to the following problem, which 
has been going round in different forms 
but all involving the same principles, and 
about the same method of solution : 

Prob. — To determine the radii of 
three equal circles described within and 
tangent to a given circle, and also tangent 
to each other. 


Construct three circles m, n, o, tangent 
to each other, radius of each equal to 1. 
Circumscribe a circle about these. This 
figure is similar to that of the problem : 

Now A B = 2 
BD = 1 
.-. AD = M 
It is evident that A E = | A D 
.-. A E = 1.154 
Hence E6 = 2.154, 
which is the radius of the circumscribing 

Now the figure above is similar to the 
figure of the problem, hence the following 
proportion is true: 

\!.l">i : 1 : : radius of given circle : radiufl 
of inscribed circle required. 



Solution No. 2.— Let a == Radius of 
given circle. 

Let X = Radii of incribed circles. 

Altitude of triangle A B C is X yT 

The triangles A B D and BED are 
similar ; hence AD:BS::AB:BE 
or X |/F : X : : 2 X : B E 

Whence BE = 2 ^ 

B E or A E + A*G = GE 

V s 

2 X + y/_T— a y/T 

X := a -£-X=± a X -4641 

In last number we published a ladder 
problem. We have received no solution 
yet, surely not because it is too difficult ; 
doubtless a number of our friends have 
solved it but failed to report the result of 
their work. The following arithmetic 
solution can be easily understood : 

K A. 


H B C 

A B is the ladder in first position, D C 
after the foot is drawn out 20 feet. Now, if 
from the square on the hypothenuse,or the 
square on A B which equals the hypoth- 
enuse, we take the square on the per- 
pendicular D B, we have left the square on 
the base B C, which is 400 square feet ; 
that is we have left the small square K L 
and the two rectangles A L and L H to- 
gether equal to 400 square feet. The small 
square is evidently 16 square feet, hence 
the two rectangles are 384 square feet, 
and one is 293 square feet. Therefore L 
D or D B is 48 feet and the ladder is 48 + 
4 = 52 feet. 

A solution by algebra would be shorter 
and easier to the student of that interest- 
ing study. 

Let X = length of ladder. 
Then X — 4 = perp. of triangle 
20 = base " " 
... ( X — 4) 2 -f 400 = X 2 
X 2 — 8 X + 16 + 400 = X 2 
— 8 X = — 416 
X = 52. 


No. 61. 

What profit do peaches pay at 2 cents 
apiece, which cost 60 cents per hundred, 
if 10% of them are lost by decay? 

No. 62. 

A and B are in trade ; A's capital is 
twice that of B's. B gains 50%., and A 
loses $4000, when A has § as much as B. 
What was their original capital ? 
No. 63. 

A vessel contains 3 parts brandy and 2 
parts water. How much of the mixture 
must be drawn off and replaced by water 
that the new mixture may be half and 
No. 64. 

The marbles in a box can be made into 
groups of 17 and none remain, but when 
made into groups of 16, 18, or 24, nine re- 
main in each case. How many marbles 
in the box ? 

Education for Life's Work. 

A worthy life is the honorable am- 
bition of all. Life's energies are 
ever directed to attain the greatest 
success, and to secure that success, 
the natural tendencies of the child 
are carefully observed. Oftimes the 
profession of the man will be deter- 
mined by those youthful tendencies, 
and the profession being chosen, the 
future education is arranged to har- 
monize with that profession. Com- 
manders are said to have changed 
the yard of the homestead to a pa- 
rade ground, and, even when boys, 
to have drilled their pla3'mates as 
soldiers. Attorneys have spent their 
boyhood days in earnest argument. 
Ministers have been the marvel of 
their playmates and the pride of their 
parents by the earnest exhortation in 
which they engaged, and mechanics 
have constructed the toy locomotive 
or built a miniature Brooklyn bridge 
ere twelve years of their existence 
was ended. But altough a genius 
may, here and there, have been found 
who, in his early years, portrayed 
this future power, still the childish 
tendencies cannot be a basis for life's 
work. The young mechanic may 
posses - " no mechanical powers what- 
ever, but may simply imitate what 
he has seen. The } r outhful minister 
may have had the companionship of 
some divine, and may have simply 
imitated his honored friend. The 
boy attorney may have visited the 
court of j ustice and the scenes there 
presented may have most interested 
his youthful fancy, and the childish 
officer may have secured his youth- 
ful tendency by the the sights at the 
barracks, or the street parade. Thus 
the tendencies of youthful days may 
consist of imitation alone, and im- 
itation represents no special powers 
whatever, since it attains its greatest 
perfection in the mind but slightly 
developed. Moreover, the men who 
attain to eminence are perhaps more 
generally those who possess but little 
of those youthful characteristics. Who 
would have supposed that the sickly 
Demosthenes, with the unfortunate 
impediment in his speech, would win 
the applause of a world by his ora- 
tory; or that the rather indifferent 
Grant would become the Lieutenant- 
General of the future. Education, 
therefore, in conformity with youth- 
ful tendencies is a mistake, since those 
tendencies do not represent the child's 
future powers. After the profession 
is once chosen, education should not 
be limited to the direct assistance of 
that profession alone. The student, 
who, having chosen his profession, 
enters college and selects only those 
studies that are a direct assistance 
to his profession, makes a serious 
mistake. He develops but a part of 
himself, and his opportunities are 
correspondingly limited. The edu- 

cation for life's work does not end 
with partial results, but develops the 
entire individual. It prepares him 
to go forth in life with high aspira- 
tions and enlarged views. It gives 
him the power of originating some 
worthy effort and following that 
effort to its final success with the 
most earnest zeal. It is not merely 
the accumulating of certain facts in 
one department of life's work, but it 
is the development of the man. The 
attorney must pursue a wider field 
of study than Blackstone affords. 
He must understand the principles 
upon which the law itself is based, 
the statute laws which are at present 
enforced and the wider knowledge 
of state-craft in order to labor more 
successfully for the welfare of his 
clients. The minister must possess 
far more than the mere knowledge of 
theology, as it applies to the church 
of which he is a member. He must 
be a student of God's word and be 
thoroughly conversant with the ef- 
forts of the Christian church in all 
ages. He must study nature, that 
he may the more thoroughly appre- 
ciate nature's God, and have more of 
his laws. He must be a close ob- 
server of humanity, that he may the 
better supply the spiritual wan s of 
his flock. Other professions are 
simply a repetition of those men- 
tioned. There is none in which suc- 
cess can be obtained by confining 
the education of the individual to 
those studies directly associated with 
that profession. The complete de- 
velopment of the individual is nec- 
essary, that, in whatever profession 
he may engage, he may subject the 
various opportunities surrounding 
that profession to his own use, and 
compel them to assist his efforts, 
Education for the work of life must 
be original. The teachings of na- 
ture, the instruction derived from 
society, and the knowledge secured 
by earnest study must be arranged 
by the reasoning powers of the indi- 
vidual, and be presented with the 
characteristic individuality which 
distinguishes him from others. The 
man who follows in the footsteps of 
others no more accomplishes a 
worthy life's work, than does the 
soldier secure that brave deter- 
mination when he remains in the 
rear until danger has been re- 
moved from the front. Educa- 
cation must present a moral basis 
to make the intellectual develop- 
ment more worthy. The princi- 
ples which develop the qualities of 
true manhood must be included, and 
all that tends to destroy their influ- 
ence must be removed. Unless re- 
ligion is included in that education 
it is devoid of its most worthy sup- 
port. From the Great Teacher we 
must receive instruction. From him 
learn the nature of the worthy life, 


and by his counsel and guidance 
meet the duties that life presents. 

A. H. Gerbertoh. 

The History of "Lead, Kindly 


Professor Newman once expressed 
the opinion that if theologians had 
been compelled to set forth their 
doctrines in the form of poetry, there 
would have been no controversies. 
This sentiment, which I am quoting 
from memory, has a notable illustra- 
tion in the history of his famous 
brother's hymn, " Lead, Kindly 
Light." It is probable that nine- 
tenths of the people, who have re- 
cently been manifesting homage and 
affection for the dead cardinal, knew 
him only by this hymn. On the 
Sunday after his death, it was sung 
in many English chapels and 
churches, — all Protestant, for it is 
not in any Catholic hymn book. 
When it was written, John Henry 
Newman was a clergyman of the 
Church of England, in his thirty- 
first year (1832), he had just finished 
his " History of the Arians," with 
its fierce diatribes against all Liber- 
alism, and went for a tour in the 
South. " It was the success of the 
Liberal cause which fretted me in- 
wardly. I became fierce against its 
instruments and its manifestations. 
A French vessel was at Algiers ; I 
would not even look at the tri-color. 
On my return, though forced to stop 
a day in Paris, I kept indoors the 
whole time, and all that I saw of that 
beautiful city was what I saw from 
the diligence." At this time he had 
in his pocket the tender hj^mn he 
had written on the journey. He had 
been seized with fever in Sicily, and 
his one nurse — a monk — thought he 
would die ; but he said, " I shall not 
die ; I have a work to do in Eng- 
land." He recovered sufficiently to 
resume his journey, and at Palermo 
took an orange boat bound for Mar- 
seilles. They were becalmed a whole 
week. He wrote verses night and 
day during the voyage, among them 
this little poem — for it does not ap- 
pear that he thought of it as a hymn. 
As the hymn has been a good deal 
altered, it may be well enough to 
print it here as it was written : — 

"Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling 

Lead Thou me on ; 
The night is dark, and I am far from home , 

Lead Thou me on. 
Keep Thou my feet ; I do not ask to see 
The distant scene,— one step enough for me. 

" I was not ever thus, nor prayed that Thou 
Shouldst lead me on ; 
I loved to choose and see my path ; but now 

Lead Thou me on. 
I loved the garish day, and spite of fears, 
Pride ruled my will; remember not past 

" So long thy power hath blest mo, sure it still 
Will lead me on 


O'er moor and fen, o'er crag and torrent, till 

The night is gone ; 
And with the morn those angel faces smile 
Which I have loved long since and lost 

The verses first appeared in the 
British Magazine, and afterwards in 
Lyra Apostolica (1836), entitled 
"The Pillar and the Cloud," and 
with the note "At sea, June 16th, 
1833." (Twenty years later it ap- 
peared in his " Yerses on Various 
Occasions," entitled " Grace of Con- 
gruity," — whatever that may mean). 
It is one of the highest qualities of 
a good hymn, that many various 
hearts find in it what the author 
never consciously put there. New- 
man appears to have been puzzled 
about this hymn. " For years I 
must have had something of an 
habitual notion, though it was latent 
and had never led me to distrust my 
own convictions, that my mind had 
not found its ultimate rest, and that, 
in some sense or other, I was on a 
journey." In January, 1879, Mr. 
Greenhill asked him the meaning of 
the last two lines, and he answered, 
rather impatiently, that he was not 
" bound to remember [his] own 
meaning, whatever it was, at the end 
of almost fifty years. There must 
be a statute of limitation for writers 
of verse, or it would be quite a 
t3 r ranny if, in an art which is the ex- 
pression, not of truth, but of imag- 
ination and sentiment, one were 
obliged to be ready for examination 
on the transient state of mind which 
came upon one when home-sick, or 
sea-sick, or in any other way sensi- 
tive or excited." It is droll to think 
that sea-sickness may have had 
something to do with the pathos 
which has been so widely spiritual- 

Although the hymn was written 
by a Protestant clergyman, the 
Catholic soul finds its sentiment 
therein. In 18*75, Lady Chatterton 
became a Catholic, and wrote to tell 
Father Newman how the hymn had 
helped her in her time of mental 
struggle, when she was wont to re- 
peat it during " the dark and painful 
nights." And while the hymn was 
making Lady Chatterton a Catholic, 
James Martineau was putting it into 
his new hymn-book for the consola- 
tion of Unitarians. Nay, we had 
been singing two stanzas of it since 
1813, for the encouragement of free- 
thinkers in our South Place Free 
Religious Society. 

So far as I can discover, " Lead, 
Kindly Light" owes its first currency 
as a hymn to that Liberalism which 
its author so abhorred. Its first ap- 
pearance as such seems to have been 
in " Hymns of the Spirit," collected 
by Samuel Longfellow and Samuel 
Johnson, published in Boston, Jan- 
uary, 1864. Longfellow and John- 
son, as is well known, represented 

advanced theistic views. In Eng- 
land its first appearance as a hymn 
was in " Hymns, Ancient and Mod- 
ern," in the edition of 1861. In 1810, 
it appeared in the " Church and 
Home Metrical Psalter." In "Hymns 
of the Spirit," it was weakened by 
two gratuitous alterations. Instead 
of, " I loved the garish day," we find, 
" I loved day's dazzling light ; " and 
instead of " O'er moor and fen, 
o'er crag and torrent," we have, 
" Through dreary doubt, through 
pain and sorrow." In the " Church 
and Home Metrical Psalter," we 
have, " Lead, Saviour, lead ; " also 
" I loved the glare of day," and 
" O'er dale and hill, o'er crag and 
torrent." In several English books, 
we have, " One step's enough for 
me." But the worst offense was com- 
mitted by the present Bishop of 
Exeter who, in his " Hymnal Com- 
panion," added : 

" Meantime, along the narrow, rugged path 
Myself has trod, 
Lead, Saviour, lead me home in child-like 

Home to my God, 
To rest forever after earthly strife 
In the calm light of everlasting life." 

When we were compiling our 
" Hymns and Anthems," at South 
Place, in 1813, I concluded to drop 
the second stanza, as we there still 
" loved to choose and see" our path, 
loved the day, and had no " fears." 
But the stanzas retained were as 
Newman wrote them — The Open 

Things Worth Knowing in the 

In bottling catsup or pickles, boil 
the corks, and while hot you can 
press them into the bottles and when 
cold they are tightly sealed. Use 
the tin foil from compressed yeast 
to cover the corks. 

Grease spots, if old, may be re- 
moved from books by applying a so- 
lution of varying strength of caustic 
potash upon the back of the leaf. 
The printing, which looks somewhat 
faded after the removal of the spots, 
may be freshened, by the application 
of a mixture of one part of muriatic 
acid and twenty-five parts of water. 

When the carpet and straw have 
been removed, before attempting to 
sweep up the dust, scatter a good 
allowance of clamp sand over the 
floor, and you will find that it can be 
thoroughly cleaned without raising 
dust. This is a vast improvement 
on the old method of filling the house 
and the lungs with dust every time 
a carpet had to be taken up. Do try 
it at the spring house-cleaning, and 
you will, I am sure, never go back 
to the old way. Saw dust is equally 
good, but not always as readily ob- 

(The (f ollcgc Jjorunu 

Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. III. No. 12. ANNYILLE, PA., DECEMBER, 1890. Whole No. 36. 



E. Ben.j. Bierman, A. M., President. 
H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Spangler, A. B., de Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 

A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 

Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Mover, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 


Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


The Forum is a good paper to 
place into the hands of children of 
U. B. parents. 

How different it would be if every 
day was a thanksgiving. How much 
more of joy life would contain. Give 
thanks alway. 

We earnestly solicit the renewal 
of subscriptions which expire with 
this number. Do so at once. Ask 
your friends and neighbors to sub- 

The recent session of the colleges 
of the Middle States and Maryland, 
held at Princeton, N. J., proved in- 
teresting and successful. About 
forty -five representatives of the dif- 
ferent colleges were in attendance, 
and among them was President Bier- 
man. Proceedings will be given in 
next number. 

The week of prayer, under the di- 
rection of the Y. M. C. A., was most 
interesting. Every evening the meet- 
ings were largely attended, and were 
characterized by deep spirituality. 
There was one convert. At present 
there are but two in the College who 
are non-professors. Let the Church 
unite their petitions with ours, that 
these may soon be led to Christ. 

The debate of the Clionian Anni- 
versary found on another page will 
be interesting reading. The way in 
which the ladies acquitted them- 
selves was highly complimentary. 
The Clionians justly deserve the 
praise they have received. Let the 
present success be but the earnest of 
the great possibilities of each one. 
So live and so study that when col- 
lege days have ended that every mem- 
ber may be found well equipped and 
having on the whole armor of the 

At the recent Y. M. C. A. conven- 
tion at Danville, Pa., of the 600 dele- 
gates present, there were 200 College 
delegates. Lebanon Valley was 
among the first in the association 
work, and money contributed. The 
34 colleges in the state represented 
3500 students, one-half of which are 
Christians, and 1000 are members of 
the Y. M. C. A. During the con- 
vention $10,000 were raised for the 
furtherance of the work. The In- 
dian delegation numbered 48. They 
spoke earnestly and plead that the 
gospel might be sent to their race. 
On the return of our delegates, a 
special meeting was held, in which 
the work of the convention was dis- 
cussed, and new plans set at work. 

A number of persons were receiv- 
ing the Forum without paying for 
it. This was done to get them so 
interested that they would secure 

subscribers, to inform them concern- 
ing the work and wants of the col- 
lege, to increase their interest in ed- 
ucation, and to enlist a sympathy 
and secure an active co-operation in 
higher christian culture. We regret 
that the visits of the Forum must 
be discontinued unless our friends 
become bona fide subscribers. No 
friend of Christian culture and es- 
pecially of the college can afford to 
be without the monthly visits of the 
Forum. The college can not afford 
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hope none who receive it will dis- 
continue to receive it, but, on the 
other hand, will not only subscribe 
for it themselves, but will secure 
subscriptions for the Forum. Who 
will be the first to send his subscrip- 
tion ? 

The College Forum completed its 
third year with this issue. It ac- 
knowledges gratefulty the kind 
patronage it has received, both in 
subscriptions and advertisements. 
The many words of congratulation 
received from time to time from 
friends and the press show with what 
appreciation the Forum is held. Be- 
lieving that the college that is best 
patronized is the one most frequently 
brought before the people, we have 
liberally distributed the Forum 
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come a welcome visitor to many 
homes, increased the attendance of 
students, and made friends has been 
in many ways corroborated. These 
facts greatly encourage us. We have 
made the Forum as perfect as our 
circumstances would permit. The 
coming year we will add some new 
features. Each issue will contain 
articles from representative men of 
the Church, of the Alumni, and ex- 
students. We trust that our friends 
will make special effort to assist in 


doubling our subscription list. With 
a more permanent editorial staff, we 
are confident that our columns will 
be better, and that our usefulness 
will be greatly enlarged. The Forum 
bears greetings to its many friends, 
and wishes them a Merry Christmas 
and a Happy New Year. 


A Union Thanksgiving Service 
was held in the New Lutheran 
Church at 9:30 a. m. The services 
were opened by an anthem by the 
Lutheran choir, followed by the 
reading of the 109th Psalm, by Rev. 
W. H. Washinger, '91. The congre- 
gation joined in singing, " All Hail 
the Power of Jesus' Name." Prayer 
by Rev. M. B. Spayd, of Highspire, 
and an anthem by the choir, com- 
prised the opening. 

Rev. Lewars, pastor of the Lu- 
theran Church, spoke first. He said 
next to love of home, was love of 
country. Foster the idea that the 
United States is the best. The 
greatness of our country is due to 
her institutions. Our forefathers 
built greater than they knew, be- 
cause God built. The church is the 
great conservator and preserver of 
our nation. Besides our national 
blessings, our personal blessings are 
innumerable, all of which call forth 
our best praise and thanksgiving. 
The audience next sang " Come Thou 
Fount of Every Blessing." 

President Bierman gave the fol- 
lowing reasons why we should be 
thankful: The Systematic Study 
of the Bible, National Prosperity, 
Peace with all Nations and Within 
our Borders, Progress of the Tem- 
perance Cause, Educational Ad- 
vancement, The Public School Sys- 
tem and Christian Union. 

"My County 'Tis of Thee" was 

Rev. H. B. Spayd said that he re- 
joiced that one day in the year we 
met as a kindred — a family — that 
there was brotherly good will, and 
united thanksgiving to God, that he 
lived in this century. He rejoiced 
because of the triumphs of the 
church, that the gospel was preached 
in nearly every language, for pros- 
perity at home, in our own town, in 
our own homes, and even in the afflic- 
tions of the past year. 

A song of thanksgiving was sung, 
after which Rev. H. B. Spaj'd pro- 
nounced the benediction. 

Teachers' Institute. 

The Teachers' Institute of Leba- 
non county convened at the court 
house in Lebanon, on Monday, the 
17th ult., and continued till Friday 
evening. The address of welcome 

was delivered by Mayor Harbeson. 
Prof Witmer, of Palmyra, made the 
response. The attendance of teach- 
ers was unprecedented. The follow- 
ing is a list of the instructors: Prof. 
J. M. Coughlin, of Scranton, Supt. 
L. E. McGinnis of Steelton, Prof. J. 
T. Burritt, of Bavonne, N. J., Dr. D. 
J. Waller, Jr., Supt. of Public In- 
struction, Dr. E. 0. Lyte, President 
of Millersville State Normal, Prof. 
C, X. Snyder, Principal of Indiana 
State Normal, and Dr. A. E. Win- 
ship, of Boston, Mass. Addresses 
were made by Hon. H. Houck, Deputy 
State Supt., Prof. Cyrus Boger, Prof. 
Baer, of Reading, President Holtz- 
apple, of Schuylkill Seminary, Presi- 
dent Shaeffer, of Palatinate College, 
Prof. Potter, of New York, and Prof. 
Scheibner, of Reading High School. 

The entertainments during the 
evening were as follows: Lecture by 
Re^. M. H. Stine of Lebanon, on 
"Egyptian Antiquities;" lecture by 
Robert Nevin, of London, England, 
on "Gladstone and Bright;" lecture 
by Hon. R. G. Horr, of Saginaw, 
Mich., on "The Labor Problem;" 
and recitations by Mrs. Nella Brown- 
Pond, which were interspersed by 
instrumental music by Miss Low. 

Plans were set at work towards 
securing funds for a monument for 
Supt. Bodenhorn. Resolutions were 
adapted memorializing the Boards of 
Directors to elect, for a term of three 
years, all teachers who have given 
sufficient satisfaction in their work, 
and that the state appropriations be 
increased to $3,000,000 per annum, 
of which $2,000,000 should be ap- 
plied to lengthening the term and 
increasing the salaries of the com- 
mon school teacher. 

Should Women be Admitted Into 
the Deliberative Bodies of 
the Church. 



[The discussion was given at Clionian An- 
niversary, Thanksgiving evening.] 

The question of woman's place in 
the Church is certainly one of se- 
rious importance and far reaching 

Many of the arguments being used 
against the admission of women to 
the deliberative bodies of the Church 
are substantially the same as those 
used years ago in opposing the open- 
ing of universities and medical 
schools to women. But the increase 
of foreign mission work with its de- 
mand for women as trained teachers 
and physicians, showed clearly that 
the agitation for the higher education 
of women was of God, hence oppos- 
ers were forced either to change 
their opinions or be silent. 

Since it was evident to any un- 

prejudiced mind that each upward 
step.woman has taken has increased 
her usefulness at home and abroad, 
is it not right to enquire whether 
this advancement of woman is yet 
complete, or are there any further 
steps for her to take, before she can 
do with greatest effectiveness the 
work devolving upon her for the 
salvation of the world. Some say 
to give her legislative authority 
in the Church will greatly aid her in 
doing the work God has put into her 

Since it is so evident that every 
step of woman's advancement has 
been of God, why do so many trem- 
ble now that another step upward is 
proposed? May not those opposing 
this advance be fighting against God, 
as were those who tried to hinder 
women entering the medical profes- 
sion and higher schools of learning ? 

What is there so terrible in the 
conduct of our noble women that the 
thought of the presence of a few 
chosen ones in a General Conference 
should cause alarm ? Does any one 
suppose a few leading women, who 
might be chosen, would have such an 
influence as to immediately win over 
all the cool-headed brethren to ex- 
travagant and "ruinous methods of 
the Church government? Or does 
any one dare to affirm that these 
women would want to injure the 
Church which is dearer to them than 
life ? If not why such an alarm ? 

My opponent may urge as a strong 
objection against the admission of 
women that their admission will de- 
stroy the only bulwark against their 
being ordained ministers. Thus she 
gives woman great credit for her in- 
fluence when she saj's that a few of 
them in the General Conference, 
against the will of the Church, effect 
so radical a change. Even if they 
should be admitted into the ministry 
what terrible harm would come to 
the Church through it ? 

May it not be that as foreign mis- 
sion work has justified the medical 
education, it may justify the ordina- 
tion of women ? There are man}' 
heathen women who can never be 
baptized or receive the Lord's Supper 
unless by female hands. Must the 
Church forever refuse the women 
missionaries authority to meet such 
cases ? 

Woman was made man's suitable 
"help." As such God gave her joint 
dominion with man. This help was 
not limited to the family's domestic 
affairs; but whatever is proper for 
the man is proper for the woman as 
his help. Where it is improper for 
her to go, he has no business. 

But my opponent may urge that it 
is true that man and woman possess- 
ed equal and joint sovereignty be- 
fore the fall of man, but now as a 
punishment for the part she took of 


the leadership in the great transgres- 
sion against God, she was reduced to 
a state of sorrow and subjection and 
all authority passed out of her hands 
to the extent of exclusion from all 
participation in the government, to 
subjection under it. Is it not a part 
of redemptive work of Jesus to re- 
store her to ber position of equal 
sovereignty with man? 

Can any right-minded woman fail 
to see that if the effect to make void 
God's law succeeds, Satan will have 
won his greatest victory on earth 
since Paradise was lost? And why? 
Because the most effective force in 
God's church will have yielded to 
his subtle power. 

If woman has done so much for 
the church hampered by man's in- 
justice, what heights may she not 
attain provided all wise man would 
disabuse himself of that vain glori- 
ous idea, namely, that the world 
would be in the same pitiable con- 
dition as "Grandfather's Clock," 
should he cease to hold the balance 
of power — " stop short, never to go 

In this enlightened age does it not 
seem preposterous that a certain 
class of Christians should circum- 
scribe the liberties of another class, 
placing their own estimate on the 
Christian and forcing them to abide 
by any decision they please to make ? 
To me it savors of barbarism, and is 
the same spirit in a mollified form 
that locks the door of the Turkish 
harem and denies woman a soul. 

Women constitute a large majority 
of the membership of the Church, and 
yet they are as a class excluded from 
any representation in the law-making 
department. Go into any congrega- 
tion in the land, and you will observe 
it is largely composed of women. 
They constitute by far the strongest 
element in the Church, numerically 
and spiritually, faithful to attend the 
means of grace, loyal and devoted. 
They take a lively and intelligent 
interest in all the work of the 
Church, yet they are denied any 
voice in its highest councils. 

They have proven their zeal for 
the cause of Christ and their effi- 
ciency in the work of the Church in 
the societies which are organized 
and managed by women alone. 

But my opponent may say that 
woman is represented by the man 
who is her natural head, and to raise 
the question of class representation 
is to change the divine order, thrust 
woman out of her sphere; but surely 
she does not mean this as a serious 
argument against her admission into 
the councils of the church, for it is an 
old argument used by despots and 
tyrants all over the world. A great 
deal is and may be said about the 
headship of man. Grant that the 
headship of the family is in man. 

Does headship mean a usurpation of 
government or a monopoly of all 
the intelligence of family or right 
of independent thought ? No, this 
would be despotism, pure and sim- 
ple. Does headship in man mean 
that he is Lord and master and 
woman a slave ? 

This was a theory of barbarism 
and dark ages, but this is the nine- 
teenth century and to-day headship 
does not mean a haughty despot on 
one side and a slave on the other. 
The woman should have a share in 
government of her family and is 
often wiser in the direction of affairs 
than the man. 

The President of the United 
States is the head of the na- 
tion, but he has eight Secretaries 
who share with him the responsibil- 
ities and honors of his administra- 
tion ; because they are his minis- 
ters, it does not follow that they are 
his slaves, surrendering their inde- 
pendence and manhood. So then 
woman, because man is head, does 
not surrender her right to think for 
herself. This being so, she may 
have opinions differing from her 
husband, so he would not always be 
a fair representative. 

Why shall she be denied a voice 
in the councils of the Church? Is 
it because she lacks deliberative fac- 
ulties, and while she possesses quick 
intuitions and generous impulses is 
she incapable of those high duties 
which pertain to deliberative bodies ? 
The answer is seen in the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union and 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary 

If it is her sex which unfits her 
for councils in Church why should it 
be a prime qualification for presid- 
ing in the council of the home ? The 
home and the Church are closely al- 
lied. The first Church was the 

Not only because women consti- 
tute a majority of the membership 
of the Church and should be entitled 
to representation on the score of 
numbers, but they are also the work- 
ing force of the Church. 

To those who oppose this move- 
ment because Paul says : " Women 
should be silent in the church," we 
would say be careful to obey the 
commandments, " Love thy neighbor 
as thyself," "be patient," "judge 
not;" "sin not." 

The question is not, shall women 
vote, for that is already a law of the 
Church. But whether since they 
dare vote, are they fit to be voted 

We as a nation, revolted when we 
were taxed by the British without 
representation in their Parliament, 
and to maintain and establish this 
principle our fathers heroically laid 
down their lives, and what else than 

rank injustice and wrong, is it that 
two-thirds of the membership of the 
church are not represented? 

Why should one-third legislate for 
two thirds without consent of the 
governed ! 

But it is further objected that the 
church government derives its just 
powers from the Word and Provi- 
dence of God. Yes, that's it! But 
who is to interpret said word and 
providence and determine just what 
they say and are? Is it our one- 
third or two-third members? 

My opponent may still argue that 
the Scriptures are against this ad- 
mission of women. Well, that de- 
pends. I would have her remember 
that Calhoun and Jefferson used to 
quote Scripture in defense of Amer- 
ican slavery. So, too, Brigham 
Young was forever quoting Abra- 
ham and Solomon, and some of the 
saloon keepers of to-day cite Paul as 
on their side. Nevertheless, slavery 
was bad, polygamy hideous and the 
saloon is abominable, and our best 
scholars hold that the Scriptures are 
against them, and we must not look 
only at a few passages but must look 
at the teaching of the entire book. 

So too it must be remembered 
that Paul was a bachelor, hence he 
wrote as he did, but he lived nearly 
two thousand years ago, and now we 
are living in the nineteenth century 
and in free and Christian America. 
I believe if Paul were here to-day he 
would be foremost leader of the 
woman's movement as he was in his 
age of the Gentile movement. 
°Some say when such a condition 
occurs there will no doubt be an up- 
heaval of society and church; yes, 
doubtless there will, but then up- 
heavals are good things when duly 
regulated. They stir up the dry 
bones and set the people to thinking. 
A church or a nation is always better 
for a good, genuine upheaval. 

Indeed as far as I can see, the 
arguments against women seem to 
be chiefly the exploded arguments 
and defeated syllogisms that have 
done duty in other days in the de- 
fense of slavery, polygamy and in- 
temperance, and certainly they ought 
not prevail with the people in this 
year, eighteen hundred and ninety. 

Is not woman as good in head and 
heart as man? The man who denies 
this is a brute. How much the 
Church has lost for lack of womanly 
intuition and wise council in her 
representative bodies we can only 
know by the height of her future his- 
tory, for we are living in a pro- 
phetic day, and if we reject the mes- 
sengers whom God has sent to us, 
how much more deserving of wrath 
shall we be found than those who 
killed the prophets ? " 

The time has come when, as Henry 
Ward Beecher prophesied, the ques- 



tion is not, "Is it a man or woman, 
but can she do it ? " 



Each sex is endowed with quali- 
ties fitting its members for a pecu- 
liar kind of influence and work, and 
to introduce women into the de- 
liberative bodies of the church would 
interfere greatly with the perform- 
ance of their own work, which, if not 
performed by them, will not be done 
at all. No one doubts that women 
are equal in intellect, piety, and 
knowledge to the best of men. But 
they are women and are intrusted 
by God with a form of influence and 
a work different from that of man. 
A capable Christian woman in any 
place for which her natural disposi- 
tion and characteristics fit her has a 
mighty influence, but when she steps 
out of this and enters man's province, 
she loses this and gains no other. 
While these spheres differ in their 
line of work, and in the qualities 
which fit each for work, they also 
differ in their reward. Honor be- 
longs to woman without putting her 
in a position for which she is not 
suited. The mother of Jesus has 
higher honor than any prophet of 
the earlier times, and than any apos- 
tle of later times has had. The his- 
tory of great and good men is the 
history of great and good mothers. 

Are there not sufficient ways in 
which woman can serve the Lord 
faithfully without this ? She can do 
many things more gently and ten- 
derly than the men of the church. 
She can visit that poor mother with 
the sick child, speak to her lovingly, 
nurse it tenderly and there will be 
"joy in heaven." She can learn the 
residence of that poorly clad girl in 
her Sunday school class, spend her 
waste moments in making her warm, 
comfortable garments, and she shall 
receive the approval of Him who 
said : " Inasmuch as ye have done 
it unto the least of these my breth- 
ren ye have done it unto me." These 
acts will not make her so prominent 
as to belong to the General Confer- 
ence, but it will bring Jesus a little 
nearer to the poor ones and give her 
a more blessed prominence in the 
hereafter. Woman can live a life 
that will be filled with sermons of 
greater influence than if spoken from 
the pulpit. A little girl on being 
asked under the influence of whose 
preaching she was brought to know 
God, replied, "under no one's preach- 
ing but under Aunt Mary's practic- 
ing." Women may by their lives 
teach Christ every day. Then are 
they not now a glory to God and a 
blessing to the Church? They are 
occupied with work of equal import- 
ance to that of legislation and when 

they do that work properly the} r ex- 
ert a greater influence for good than 
if they were members of legislative 
bodies. They now have a full share 
of duty and responsibility. To them 
belongs the teaching and the govern- 
ment of the church and world for 
the first and best half of human life. 
It is a good thing to make a right- 
eous law, but it is a grander privi- 
lege to train a righteous lawmaker. 

Women can now bring about any- 
thing they desire, and for which they 
have good reason. The church grants 
women hearing and compliance with 
every practicable thing they suggest. 
They have earned recognition and 
have received it. Women are al- 
lowed freedom of speech, freedom of 
position, and freedom of the press. 
There has never been a law passed 
in the slightest degree taxing or op- 
pressing them. Their influence is 
recognized and welcomed, their sug- 
gestions are listened to with interest. 
There are no true women who 
will be less anxious to see the cause 
of God prosper if they are not per- 
mitted to become legislators. The 
only zeal that could be lost would be 
that of personal ambition rather than 
devotion to Christ and his church. 
Some women want to be admitted 
just because they don't want to be 
prohibited in anything nor defeated 
in anything attempted. This inde- 
pendence of spirit overpowers their 
more womanly qualities. The church 
has now an opportunity to protect 
woman from the responsibilities that 
should not fall upon her. 

Men are courteous, and women 
occupying the same position as they 
would on some questions differ. It 
would not be natural for men to use 
the same methods with them as with 
their brothers, and courtesy might 
often cause them to be silent rather 
than oppose a woman. Women 
sometimes say that men are less 
chivalrous and less respectful to 
them than in former times. But 
they should remember that when the}' 
aspire to fill men's places, they must 
expect to receive the same treatment 
men receive in like positions. 

In order to fill any position in 
Church or state intelligently, men 
and women ought to be well in- 
formed. It ought not to be the case, 
but it is true, that women generally 
do not care to read the proceedings 
of legislative bodies in or out of the 
Church. Go to any of our women 
and ask them what is the cause of 
the present discussion, and a greater 
number of them will tell you that 
they know nothing about it, and that 
they do not care to read anything 
about law. Should they be admitted 
into our legislative bodies, it will 
be the same, and we will be no bet- 
ter represented than at present. 

Deborah, the prophetess, judged 

the people whom Jabin oppressed, 
and delivered them in battle. But 
she filled this position because of the 
corruption, indifference and irreligion 
of the people. It was a disgrace 
that the people were in such a con- 
dition. If ihe Church were so cor- 
rupt and its men had reached a po- 
sition similar to the Israelites of that 
time women should assume the eccle- 
siastical functions commonly con- 
ferred upon men by God. This was 
for an extraordinary situation and 
should not regulate the ordinary 
course of events. 

Christ had women followers who 
equalled any of his male disciples in 
purity, devotion, and constancy, yet 
he did not call one of them to be an 
apostle nor did he send them out 
with the seventy whom he sent forth 
on the gospel errand. They could 
have served him in either case and 
would have been equally as faithful 
as the male disciples whom he se- 
lected and sent forth. Was it an 
oversight or intentional, that neither 
Mary, the mother of Jesus, nor any 
other of his female followers were 
commissioned as his disciples ? It 
could not have been that the preju- 
dice of the world was more against 
women as preachers than the hatred 
it bore to Christ's masculine preach- 
ers, for it hated Jesus himself. If 
Christ had intended women to be 
jointly associated with men in con- 
trolling the departments of the 
church he certainly would have 
given some intimation, of this inten- 
tion. Christ did not select women 
to be apostles and rulers of the 
church, because he loved them with 
infinite love and knew where they 
would best serve the church and 
bless the world. 

The home is the basis of society 
and there woman has full power.There 
is not a man who votes to admit 
women into the deliberative bodies 
of the church, who would stay at 
home and do the housework while 
his wife went to make the laws of the 
church. There would certainly 
be a mixed up state of affairs if he 
should. That indescribable some- 
thing given to a home by the touch 
of a woman's hand would be want- 
ing, because that hand had entered 
man's field of labor and lost its 
womanly skill. The truest and high- 
est sphere of woman's influence is 
home, and she would not exchange 
this for the glory of halls or Confer- 
ence. Man may construct pyramids 
and temples, walls and towers, rail- 
ways and telegraphs. Man may 
fight battles and gain conquests in 
war. Man may rule in senates, 
cabinets and executive bodies, but 
woman makes the home. 

|S|F~ Subscribe for the Forum. 




[Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.l 

Miss Emma L. Landis, '79, re- 
turned home from her western trip 
the 10th ult. 

Dr. M. L. Rershey has been elected 
to the State Legislature from Dau- 
phin county. 

President Sharpless, of Haverford 
College, will spend the winter in 
Southern England. 

Prof. W. R. Keller, '90, read an 
essay of special merit on " Ethics," 
at the Teachers' Institute. 

Rev. C. A. Burtner, class "78, con- 
ducted chapel services 19th ult., 
after which he addressed the stu- 

Revs. I. H. Albright, C. A Burt- 
ner and Dr. Geo. Holtzapple, took 
the examinations of post-graduate 
course, on 18th to 20th ult. 

Prof, and Mrs. Lehman, Prof, and 
Mrs. Deaner, Misses Ella Moyer and 
Mary Shenk, attended the concert 
given in Lebanon by the Lotus Glee 

A musical recital was held in the 
Chapel on November 20. The de- 
partment gave evidence of thorough 
work. The selections were well ex- 

The cards are out for the marriage 
of Miss Emma Sarah Kreider, of 
this place, to Mr. Charles Wumper 
Coover, of Kansas City, on Thurs- 
day, December 11th, at twelve and 
a half o'clock. 

Mr. Wm. M. Hain, '88, has been 
admitted to the bar. His office is 
219 Market Street, Harrisburg. His 
examination was of the mosi credit- 
able character. A very bright ca- 
reer is before him. 

The College Quartette furnished 
the music during Monday, Tuesday 
and Wednesday evenings and Thurs- 
day afternoon at the Institute. The 
Institute was loud in praises of the 
excellent music given. 

The Messrs. H. B. and H. N. Roop 
and D. S. Eshleman attended the 
marriage of Mr. Edward Cobaugh of 
Middletown, Pa., to Miss Carrie 
Dubbs, of Shippensburg, Pa., on 
November 19. The ceremony took 
place at the groom's new home. 

Dr. Lyte, at Institute, gave a 
" Hive of Bees," that has been very 
helpful in school work. We give it, 
hoping it will be found valuable to 
our readers: 1, be regular; 2, be 
prompt; 3, be busy; 4, be attentive; 
5, be quiet; 6, be careful; 7, be obe- 
dient; 8, be good; 9, be kind; 10, 
be polite. 

Now is the time to subscribe 
for the Forum. 


The Senior Class attended the 
Teachers' Institute at Lebanon, in a 

The Junior ring has made its ap- 
pearance. The design is " original 
and unique," of two bands, the one 
of silver, the other platinum. The 
figures, 92, are of same material. It 
is called a joy forever, because a 
thing of beauty. 

Dr. Harper, who has accepted the 
presidency of the new Baptist Uni 
versity in Chicago, will receive a 
salary of $10,000 a year. 

A shirt factory will be started in 
Annville, Januaiy next. The neces- 
sary machinery is being put in place. 
This new industry will give our al- 
read} r attractive town new life, and 
bring other industries. 

The water company has laid the 
main pipes through town. Water is 
being put into a number of homes. 

The Young Peoples Association 
of the new Lutheran Church gave a 
Business Men's Entertainment in the 
Town Hall on Saturday evening, 
23d ult. It consisted of represent- 
ing the business of different firms. 
It was quite a financial success. 

The examinations in Logic, Phys- 
iology, Political Economy and Ge- 
ometry, were held at the middle of 
the term. Those classes have taken 
up new work. 

The class in Astronomy has been 
very successful in their observa- 
tions of the planets and stars. 

The special service in behalf of 
Missions was held in our church on 
the 23d ult. Addresses were made 
by Mr. H. H. Kreider and Mr. 
A. R. Forney, class '74. The 
College Quartette assisted with the 
music. In the evening our pastor 
spoke on Woman's Work in the 
church. The thank offering amount- 
ed to $23.00. 

The prize of $200 for the best 
entrance examination to Smith Col- 
lege was awarded to Mabel R. Moore, 
a graduate of the Worcester High 
School. — Ex. 

The Third Annual Convention of 
the Young Woman's Christian As- 
sociation of Pennsylvania, met at 
Williamsport, Nov. 21-23. Misses 
Lillian Quigley and Nora Steffey 
were delegates from our local asso- 
ciation. They were accompanied by 
Misses Stehman and Yothers. Miss 
Sherrick, who is a member of the 
State Committee, was also in attend- 

The Y. W. C. A. Convention. 

The third annual convention of 
the Y. W. C. A. met at Williams- 
port, Pa., November 21-23. About 
eighty-five delegates were in attend- 
ance. Several colleges, besides our 
own, were represented. The first 

meeting opened Friday alternoon,at 
3.30 in the Y. W. C. A. building. A 
prayer service was led by Mrs. L. M. 
Gates at 7.30 in the Mulberry Street 
Church. There was an address by 
Dr. Shelbard, of Spring Garden M. 
E. Church, Philadelphia. 

Subject : — " Young Women and the 
Age." He impressed upon his audi- 
ence the personal responsibility and 
influence of every Christian woman, 
at home and abroad. Much benefit 
was derived from this able address. 

Saturday morning at 9.00, in the 
Y. W. C. A. building, there was a 
prayer service, after which were the 
reports of the State Officers and As- 
sociations. Papers and Discussions 
followed on the subjects: " Y. W. C. 
A. Socials," "How to Teach New 
Girls," "Our Converts," "The Gospel 
Meeting — Its Importance." "The 
Week of Prayer," and " Bible Train- 
ing Classes." At 1.30 P.M., a prayer 
service, following which was an ad- 
dress by Chas. E. Hulburt, State 
Secretary Y. M. C. A. of Pennsyl- 
vania. A Bible Reading on Giving, 
by Miss Nettie Dunn, International 
Secretary. Discussion on " Personal 
Work," and " Y. W. C. A., a Needed 
help to the Home." Question Box, 
conducted by Miss Dunn, 7.30 P. M., 
First Baptist Church. Address: 
" How to Use our English Bible," by 
Rev. Albert Erdman, D. D., Presby- 
terian Church, New Jersey. He 
said: Every person should have a 
Bible of their own, and not be afraid 
to put some money in it; get a good 
one, with the many needed helps, one 
which will last us a life-time. Sun- 
day, 9.30 A. M., Consecration ser- 
vice. 10.30 A. M., Sermons by the 
Pastors of the various churches, on 
Y. W. C. A. work. 3.30 P. M., Gospel 
Meeting for women and girls, led by 
State Secretary Miss Dyer, at which 
time our Heavenly Father was espec- 
ially with us. The occasion will 
long be remembered. 7.30 P. M., in 
the Presbyterian Church, an Address 
by Miss Nettie Dunn, "Responsi- 
bilities and Possibilities of Girls." 
The Farewell Services for the dele- 
gates were also conducted by Miss 
Dunn. It was a time long to be re- 
membered. The motto was : " Not 
by might, nor by power, but by my 
spirit, saith the Lord of hosts." 

Those who attended the conven- 
tion, trusting in the Lord of hosts, 
received help which will follow them 
through life. N. 

A Prayer. 

[Composed by Mary, Queen of Scots, on 
the night before her execution. She sang it 
over because she could not sleep.] 
Oh, Lord God ! In Thee have I hoped ! 
Oh, my dear Jesus ! Now liberate me ! 
In my severe trouble — in my wretched 

punishment — 
I earnest desire Thee ! 
In weariness, in moaning and on my knees 

I I adore Thee, I beseech You to free me. 




Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Another anniversary is past. For 
seventeen years the society has been 
earnestly working, and have their 
efforts been in vain ? We can safely 
answer no. While our society has 
not always had many members, yet 
each one assumed her work eagerly, 
and success has crowned our labors. 

The Misses Coombe and Grove 
have joined our midst. Heartily 
we welcome them, and trust that 
they may be bettered for having 
come with us. 

Miss F. A. Sheldon and Miss Eby 
spent several days at the latter's 
home at Newport, Pa. 

The Misses Steffy, Quigley, Steh- 
man and Yothers, were sent as dele- 
gates to the Y. W. C. A., which con- 
vened at Williamsport, from the 21st 
to the 24th. 

Ten accessions have been made to 
the roll of the Society this term, the 
largest during any one term during 
the history of the Society. 

The following questions have been 
thoroughly discussed at our regular 
meetings during the past month : 
That Henry George is a safe leader. 
Is our Government responsible for 
the education of the Freedman of 
the South? That secret societies 
are beneficial. 

The Society extend thanks to the 
gentlemen for their assistance at the 

Clionian Society Anniversary. 

The Clionian Literary Society cel- 
ebrated its 17th Anniversar}' Thanks- 
giving evening. Every one present 
pronounced it a most enjoj'able oc- 
casion. More than the usual num- 
ber of strangers were present — ex- 
members and friends. This is as it 
should be. It is an incentive to the 
girls to do their best. 

The well-rendered programme was 
enthusiastically received. Miss Mary 
Shenk, the President, in a neat little 
speech, set forth the cherished hopes 
and aims of the Society, and spoke 
the words of welcome and greeting. 
The orator of the evening was Miss 
Lillian M. Quigley. Her subject, 
"The Responsibility of the Voter," 
was happily chosen for Thanksgiv- 
ing Day. It was a strong, womanly 
appeal for a pure ballot, and manly 
independence in politics. We are 
glad our girls are thinking along 
these lines. They may never vote, 
but they must have an influence in 
the future of our government. 

The recitations were highly ap- 
preciated. Miss Bessie Landis quite 
captivated the audience with her pa- 

thetic rendering of "Marjory Gray." 
"01' Pickett's Nell," a humorous 
selection, was given in a very accept- 
able manner by Miss Annie E. 

Miss Ella N. Saylor gave a critical 
review of E. S. Phelps' and H. D. 
Ward's latest book, " Come Forth." 
The selection was a good one, as the 
work is new and familiar to only a 
few. The critic's objections to using 
Bible characters in a story too en- 
tirety earthly are well founded. E. 
S. Phelps has certainly written bet- 
ter alone. 

Miss Lillie J. Rice on the affirma- 
tive and Miss Anna B. Yothers on 
the negative, discussed the question, 
"Should Women be Admitted Into 
the Deliberative Bodies of the 
Church?" This being a live ques- 
tion, the discussion was listened to 
with much interest. Both speeches 
showed careful preparation and 

Olive Branch, the Society's paper, 
was edited by Miss Maggie Strickler. 
From the variety of its contents, it 
might be called a first class family 
paper. The editorials were very 
creditable. It contained, of course, 
the usual pleasant jokes. 

The programme was interspersed 
throughout with excellent music, 
rendered by the Society girls. 

Miss Carrie Eby, the vocal teacher, 
sang very sweetly, " I Lightly Fly." 
Anvil chorus given by the entire 
Society deserves special mention. 

Everything passed off pleasantly 
and the young ladies have the hearty 
congratulation of their many friends 
and best wishes for their future suc- 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

The elections are now something 
of the past. All seem to be con- 
tented, although it was difficult sail- 
ing up the noted river at the outset. 

We were pleased to have with us 
a few evenings ago Prof. Deaner. 
He always has many excellent and 
encouraging remarks, which make 
his visits always beneficial. He 
spoke of the many obstacles we as 
students have to overcome, and gave 
us the great and only remedy — per- 
sistent study. We sincerely desire 
that he will call frequently. 

The editor was so fortunate as to 
be one of the delegates to the late 
Y. M. C. A. convention which con- 
vened at Danville, Pa. We feel 
that great good was the outgrowth 
of this convention. Every one seem- 
ed to be greatly benefited. 

Prof. E. 0. Burtner, of Seiler's 
Academy, Harrisburg, Pa., attended 
the inaugural services of President 
Bierman. He reports that school 

affairs are moving along nicely. We 
are sorry he was not with us over 
Thanksgiving, but will excuse him, 
as he wished to enjoy the scenery 
along the west branch of the Sus- 
quehanna that day. 

Mr. Sheridan Garman. also of 
Harrisburg, attended the inaugural 
services. He seems to be enjoying 
his work very much, although it does 
require much muscular exertion. 

The Programmes have been well 
rendered lately. The debate, Re- 
solved that the Tariff Schedule as 
arranged by the McKinley Bill 
meets the best interests of our 
Country, was exceedingly interest- 
ing, as we have staunch adherers to 
both sides and all seemed to be very 
enthusiastic. Addresses were de- 
livered on the Portent of the late 
Elections, America's Resources, the 
Destruction of the great Wonders 
of Ancient Egypt, the Present Busi- 
ness Situation, etc. Every one 
seems to be greatly benefited, as all 
are on duty nearly every Friday 
evening and are becoming proficient 
in speaking. We only can succeed 
by continuous effort. 

The society was honored with a 
beautiful invitation from the Cli- 
onian Literary Society to their anni- 
versary, Thanksgiving evening. The 
ladies always show much taste in 
selecting invitations. The best wishes 
of K. L. S. are with you and we 
congratulate you that that event was 
unparalleled by any former one. 

The most perplexing thought — 
how we got through carving that 
turkey on Thanksgiving. 

Several Kinds of Girls. 

A good girl to have — Sal Vation. 

A disagreeable girl — Annie Mosity. 

A fighting girl — Hittie Magin. 

Not a Christian girl — Hettie Rodoxy. 

A sweet girl — Carrie Mel. 

A very pleasant girl — Jennie Rosity. 

A sick girl — Sallie Yate. 

A smooth girl — Amelia Ration. 

A seedy girl — Cora Ander. 

One of the best girls — Ella Gant. 

A clear case of girl — E Lucy Date. 

A botanical girl — Rhoda Dendron. 

A musical girl — Sarah Nade. 

A profound sirl — Meta Physics. 

A star girl — Meta Oric. 

A clinging girl — Jessie Mine. 

A nervous girl — Hester leal. 

A muscular girl — Callie Sthenics. 

A lively girl — Annie Mation. 

An uncertain girl — Eva Nescent. 

A sad girl—Ella G. 

A serene girl — Mollie Fy. 

A great big girl — Ella Phant. 

A warlike girl — Millie Tary. 

The best girl of all — Your Own. 

— Selected- 

|2gr* Begin the new year by re- 
newing your subscription for the 




All communications for this department 
should he addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lehanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

The study of mathematics develops, as 
no other branch of study does, the reason- 
ing faculty, the power of reaching conclu- 
sions from given conditions, the power of 
working out results when certain data 
are known. Every problem solved, that 
requires careful thought, close analysis, 
and independent investigation, adds to 
our mental strength, and thus prepares us 
for greater difficulties. The simple prob- 
lems that appear in the Forum from 
time to time are not intended to stick any 
one, for if that were the object we would 
use different kind of material. But we 
aim to furnish such problems that will 
afford a little interesting and profitable 
mental recreation. The problems are 
easy but generally require a little thought. 
Could not our friends furnish more solu- 
tions, or problems from which we would 
select such as we consider suitable? 

The "ladder" problem in last number 
created no little discussion. One of our 
contributors said it could not be solved by 
arithmetic. After he had read our solu- 
tion he said "how simple." Thus it is 
ever. What seemed so difficult at first 
becomes so easy after a time of careful 
study, and the sudden discovery of the 
truth comes with such an exhilarating 
surprise that we are almost constrained 
to exclaim "Eureka." 

A number of solutions have been re- 
ceived to last month's problems. We give 
some of them below. Most of them are 
clear and are characterized by neatness 
and brevity. 


No. 61. 

100 peaches less 10% = 90 
90 peaches @ 2c. = $1.80 
$1.80 — 60 — 1.20 
1.20 60 = 200% gain. 

W. H. Washingek. 

No. 62. 

If A's capital is twice B's, and is re- 
duced to | B's after B's gained 50% or 
it must have lost and B's gains 50% or 
A; hence A's loss and B's gain is equal. 
.-. 50% = $4000 
100% = $8000 A's capital. 
$4000 = B's capital. 

R. H. Wagoner. 

No. 63. 

If at the end there must be equal parts 
of each, that is 2£ gallons of brandy and 
2£ gallons of water, and since there are 3 
gallons of brandy, £ gallon brandy must 
be drawn off. Now brandy is to water as 
brandy drawn off is to water drawn off. 
,*.'£ : f : : J : water drawn off. 

Hence the water drawn off is £ gallon, 
and amount drawn off = £ + 5 — | 

R. H. Wagoner. 
No. 64. 

L. C. M. of 16, 18, 24 = 144; 144 + 9 = 
153 is divisible by 16, 18, 24, and leaves in 
each case a remainder of 9. It is also 
divisible by 17 ; hence there are 153 mar- 
bles in the box. 

G. S. Fisher. 

Numbers 61 and 64 were also solved by 
Mr. Wagoner. Mr. Wagoner is intensely 
interested in mathematics. He is known 
to the editor as a clear-headed thinker , and 
pleasantly remembered as a former stu- 
dent in Algebra and Geometry at Otter- 
bein University. He sends the following 

problems : 

No. 65. 

Interest on a certain sum for six years 
is $261, and true discount for same time 
is $180. Find sum and rate. 

No. 66. 

Area of a hall is 2304 square feet; the 
length exceeds the breadth by 72 feet. 
Find dimensions of the hall. 
No. 67. 

If one cubic inch of gold be required to 
cover a cube whose volume is 9 cubic 
inches, what will be its thickness ? 


New York, Oct. 20, 1890. 

The American Protective Tariff 
League offers to the undergraduate 
students of Senior classes of col- 
leges and universities in the United 
States, a, series of prizes for ap- 
proved essays on " Effect of Pro- 
tection on the Purchasing Power of 
Wages in the United States." 

Competing essays not to exceed 
eight thousand words, signed by 
some other than the writer's name, 
to be sent to the office of The League, 
No. 23 West Twenty-Third Street, 
New York City, on or before March 
1, 1891, accompanied by the name 
and address of the writer and certi- 
ficate of standing, signed by some 
officer of the College to which he be- 
longs, in a separate sealed envelope 
(not to be opened until the success- 
ful Essays have been determined), 
marked by a word or symbol cor- 
responding with the signature to the 

It is desired, but not required, 
that manuscripts be type-written. 
Awards will be made June 1st, 1891, 
as follows : 

For the Best Essay. One Hun- 
dred and Fifty Dollars. 

For the Second Best, One Hun- 
dred Dollars. 

For the Third Best, Fifty Dol- 

And for other Essays, deemed es- 
pecially meritorious, the Silver 
Medal of the League will be award- 
ed, with honorable mention of the 
authors in a public notice of the 

The League reserves the right to 
publish, at its own expense, any of 
the Essays for which prizes may be 

The names of the Judges will be 
announced hereafter. 
Respectfully, etc., 

Edward H. Ammidown, 
Henry M. Hoyt, President. 
General Secretary. 

Every Alumnus of Lebanon Valley 
College should exert himself to se- 
cure at least one matriculant for the 
ensuing term. None can speak better 
for us than those who have enjoyed 
our educational facilities. 

Art Notes. 

The famous Angelus has again 
changed owners, and goes back to 
Paris in spite of the efforts made by 
the picture lovers of this country to 
have it purchased for the Metropoli- 
tan Museum, or the Corcoran Gal- 
ler} 7 . It was painted in 1859, when 
Millet was a poor artist at Barbizon. 
He was refused his first price, 8000 
francs, for it, and when it was sold 
for 1800 francs, he only received 
500 francs. The price was gradual- 
ly increased and it became the prop- 
erty of Mr. John W. Wilson for 
38000 francs; but in 1881 when his col- 
lection was sold, M. Secretan got it 
for 160,000 francs. Through specu- 
lation he lost heavily, and was oblig- 
ed to part with his fine collection. 
The French Government endeavor- 
ed to obtain the picture, for the 
Louvre, and bid 553,000 francs ; but 
failing to raise the sum it was taken 
by the agent of the American Art 
Association of New York, at that 
figure. It was shown at the Exhi- 
bition for the benefit of the Barye 
Monument Fund, in New York, last 
Winter, and has since been exhibited 
in Chicago, Montreal, Buffalo, and is 
now in Boston. It is to be delivered in 
Paris about January 1st, the sum of 
750,000 francs being paid for it. 
The purchaser is not known, but is 
thought to be M. Chauchard, who 
has recently bought Meissonier's 
famous historical picture "1814" — 
representing Napoleon and his army 
after a defeat — for 500,000 francs, 
not 850,000 as first reported. It is 
gratifying to read of the generosity 
of the first owner, Mr. Delahante, 
who paid Meissonier only 70,000 
francs for it in 1864. On conclud- 
ing the sale to M. Chauchard for 
seven times that amount he gener- 
ously sent the artist a check for 
50,000 francs. The sum paid for 
this picture prompts the Fall Mall 
Gazette to some calculations as to 
the value per square inch of some 
famous canvases. The Blenheim 
Raphael, in the National Gallery, 
London, brought about $68 per 
square inch. The Terburg, $116. 
The tiny Correggio, $142. Mr. Rus- 
kin's Meissonier, 12 x 9, was sold 
at Christies in 1882 for £6,090 or 
about $272 per square inch. "1814," 
which is 30 x 20, brings about $160. 
" L'Angelus " measures 21^ x 26^, 
and according to the terms of its 
last sale, cost about $263 per square 

Time will hang heavy on your 
hands these long wintry evenings. 
But if you have the Forum to read, 
its entertaining columns will help 
you to while away many a weary hour 
with profit and instruction. Only 25 
cents a year. 




Advice to a Young Man, .8 

And So Forlh, 64 

A Happy Event, 68 

Art Notes, . : •', gg 

A Prospectus, 55 

Amateur Photography, 50 

Art Department, > ^ 51 

Astronomical Phenomenon, 32, 39, 52 

Award for Prize Essays, ... 36 

Additional Collection of Relics, 40 

Alumni, Attention ! 40 

An Economical Battery, 40 

A Letter to Pastors, 27 

An Educated Ministry, 34 

An Educated Laity, 33 

A Prayer 89 

Art Notes 91 

Best Things, 66 

Bible Study, 66 

Board Meeting, 45 

"Bread Upon the Waters," 4, 11, 19, 27, 35, 66 

Conversation at Home, 7 

Chestnut Picnic, 80 

Closing Week— Fall Term, 2 

College Endowments, 67 

Day of Prayer for Colleges, 2 

Day of Prayer Observed, 10 

Duties of College Trustees, 54 

Emerson on Newspaper Reading, . . . 16 

Examination in Natural Philosophy, 52 

Education for Life's Work, 11 

Faith in Immortality, 67 

For the Museum 32 

Farewell Reflections, 21 

Freshmen on Rostrum, 20 

Good Counsel for Students, 62 

Golden Grains, 8 

Golden Thoughts, .... 67 

Glimpses of Social Life in China, 57 

How to Have a College, 4 

How to Think, .... 7 

History of " Lead Kindly Light," 84 

How to Read, 69 

Home Teaching, 58 

Ingersoll on Intemperence, .... 64 

Katakekommena, 5, 13, 20, 29, 36, 51, 57, 70, 89 

Lebanon Valley College, 13 

Length of Geological Time, 39 

Music, ... 73 

Mathematical Corner, 5, 14, 21, 30, 52, 73, 91 

Meteorology, 15, 39, 52 

Natural Science, 72 

Natural Science Questions and Answers, 23, 32, 39 

Opening Week — Winter Term, 3 

Only a Leaf, 64 

Old Shoes, 74 

Origin of Foolscap, 60 

Obituary— John Kline Fisher, 47 

One Phase of Classical Study, 49 

On Lack of Conscience as a Means of Success, 50 

Our Seniors, 34 

Our Educational Work, 10, 18, 28 

Our Spring Term, 19 

Our Spring Term Normal, 14 


Personals, 4, 14, 21, 29, 35, 48, 56, 69, 79, 89 

Prize Essay Proposal for 1891 91 

Quartette, 24, 32, 40 

Regulating Clocks by Electricity, 6 

Reviews, 16, 23, 32, 40, 52, 60 

Reflections 60 

Rich Men and Colleges 27 

Shall we have a College in the East 3 

Signal Service at L. V. C 65 

Story of the Sistine Chapel 75 

Study of Literature 75 

School Architecture 59 

Summer Scientific Study 51 

Students and Student Life 18 

Some Valuable Suggestions 23 

Should Women be Admitted into the Deliberative Bodies of 

the Church . . • • • 86 

Several Kinds of Girls 90 

The New Bell 12 

The Bell Entertainment 28 

The Sociable . . . . 12, 68 

The Lecture Course 80 

The Christian Association 81 

The Practical Value of a College Education 63 

The Glory of the Great Republic 65 

The Trinity 67 

The New President 54 

The Re-union 59 

The Flag 49 

The Hopeful Outlook 49 

Two Open Letters 55 

Things Worth Knowing in Household 84 

Thanksgiving 86 

Teachers' Institute 86 

The Y. W. C. A Convention 89 

Useful Hints for Piano Pupils 12 

Weaver Memorial 2 

Weaver Memorial Fund 24, 32, 52 

Willing to Shovel 60 

Wonderful Progress .60 

Winter Term Closed 28 

What is Life ? 65 

Western Deposits of Coal 15 

Western College 4 

Why a Clergyman Was a Failure, 8 

Y. M. C. A 4 

College Day : 

College Day n 

College Day Offerings 34 

College Day Echoes 34 

College Day Hints .26 

Third College Day Anniversary 26 

Seven Ways of Giving 66 

Editorial : 

Commencement 42-45 

Editorial Index 1, 9, 17, 25, 33, 41, 54, 62, 77, 85 

Inaugural 77 

Literary Societies : 

Editorial 5, 6, 15, 22, 30, 32, 36, 50, 70, 81, 90 

Clionian Anniversary 99 

Kalozetean Anniversary gj 

Philokosmian Anniversary 37 

Voices from the Past : 

Horace, Ode IX. Book I 49 

8ocrates Before His Judges 69